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Stephanie L Youso et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 677(1), 24-28 (2010-09-21)
Exposure to cyanide can occur in a variety of ways, including exposure to smoke from cigarettes or fires, accidental exposure during industrial processes, and exposure from the use of cyanide as a poison or chemical warfare agent. Confirmation of cyanide...
Laura Mateo-Vivaracho et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1146(2), 242-250 (2007-02-24)
A fast method for the determination of aroma-powerful polyfunctional thiols at nanogram per liter level has been developed and applied to wine. A small volume of wine (6 mL) was extracted with 1.5 mL of benzene containing four internal standards....
Jim T Yu et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 403(2), 583-591 (2012-03-01)
A sensitive yet robust analytical method is presented for the simultaneous determination of 12 human pharmaceuticals (valproic acid, phenytoin, ibuprofen, gabapentin, acetaminophen, gemfibrozil, naproxen, ketoprofen, secobarbital, phenobarbital, 5-fluorouracil, and diclofenac) and 6 antiseptics (biosol, biphenylol, p-chloro-m-cresol, p-chloro-m-xylenol, chlorophene, and triclosan)....
D H Fisher et al.
Journal of chromatography, 452, 51-60 (1988-10-28)
The following sequence of analytical steps was used to determine the amount of 5-methylcytosine (mol-%) in calf thymus and human lymphocyte DNA:acid hydrolysis of the DNA, derivatization (pentafluorobenzyl bromide, solid phase extraction, pivalic anhydride), internal standard addition, solid phase extraction...
Yoshifumi Hanada et al.
Analytical sciences : the international journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry, 18(6), 655-659 (2002-06-27)
An analytical method using pentafluorobenzyl bromide (PFBB) derivatization and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) has been applied to identify and quantify chloro-, bromo- and dichlorophenols in air, water and sediment samples. Phenols in air sample were collected with a PS-2 Sep-PAK...
F A Tarbah et al.
Journal of analytical toxicology, 28(3), 198-203 (2004-04-27)
Many organophosphate pesticides (OP) such as phosphamidon are unstable in aqueous solutions and especially in blood in the presence of esterases. In a case of intoxication, the phosphamidon concentration in serum decreased from 10 mg/L to 4.4 mg/L after storage...
Anne Scheyer et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 381(6), 1226-1233 (2005-03-26)
A multiresidue method using gas chromatography coupled to ion-trap tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) was developed for the analysis of 27 pesticides, commonly used in Alsace, in atmospheric samples (particle and gas phases). As pesticides are expected to be present at...
Dimitrios Tsikas et al.
Analytical chemistry, 82(19), 7897-7905 (2010-06-18)
Carbon dioxide and carbonates are widely distributed in nature, are constituents of inorganic and organic matter, and are essential in vegetable and animal organisms. CO(2) is the principal greenhouse gas in the atmosphere. In human blood, CO(2)/HCO(3)(-) is an important...
Arne Trettin et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 964, 172-179 (2014-02-11)
Oleic acid (cis-9,10-octadecenoic acid) is the most abundant monounsaturated fatty acid in human blood. Peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)) is a short-lived species formed from the reaction of nitric oxide (NO) and superoxide (O2(-)). Peroxynitrite is a potent oxidizing and moderate nitrating agent....
Jingyuan Sun et al.
Journal of experimental & clinical cancer research : CR, 39(1), 222-222 (2020-10-23)
Radioresistance is the major obstacle in radiation therapy (RT) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Dysregulation of DNA damage response (DDR), which includes DNA repair and cell cycle checkpoints activation, leads to radioresistance and limits radiotherapy efficacy in HCC patients. However, the...
Guang-Wen Lien et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1216(6), 956-966 (2009-01-03)
This study compared the sensitivities and matrix effects of four ionization modes and four reversed-phase liquid chromatographic (LC) systems on analyzing estrone (E1), 17beta-estradiol (E2), estriol (E3), 17alpha-ethinylestradiol (EE2), 4-nonylphenol (NP), 4-tert-octylphenol (OP), bisphenol A (BPA) and their derivatives of...
Lei Zhang et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1074(1-2), 1-7 (2005-06-09)
A method for determination of thyreostatic residues in animal tissues by matrix solid-phase dispersion (MSPD) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry in selected ion detection mode was developed. Thyreostatic compounds in different matrices were extracted and purified by combination of MSPD and...
Dimitrios Tsikas
The Analyst, 136(5), 979-987 (2010-12-22)
Nitric oxide (˙NO) and superoxide (O(2)(-)˙) are ubiquitous in nature. Their reaction product peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)) and notably its conjugated peroxynitrous acid (ONOOH) are highly unstable in aqueous phase. ONOO(-)/ONOOH (referred to as peroxynitrite) isomerize and decompose to NO(3)(-), NO(2)(-) and...
Laura Mateo-Vivaracho et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1121(1), 1-9 (2006-05-09)
A fast and automated method for the analysis at ng L(-1) level of aroma-powerful polyfunctional thiols has been developed and applied to wine. The sample is just poured in a 20 mL vial and its vapour extracted with a poly(dimethylsiloxane)-divinylbenzene...
Anne Scheyer et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 387(1), 359-368 (2006-11-15)
Solid-phase microextraction (SPME) was used for the analysis of some pesticides (bromoxynil, chlorotoluron, diuron, isoproturon, 2,4-MCPA, MCPP and 2,4-D) in rainwater after derivatisation with PFBBr and gas chromatography-ion trap mass spectrometry. The derivatisation procedure was optimized by testing different methods:...
Anja Mitschke et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 851(1-2), 287-291 (2007-03-14)
The nitrated lipids 9-nitro-oleic acid (9-NO(2)-OA) and 10-nitro-oleic acid (10-NO(2)-OA) have been reported to be present in blood of healthy humans. Free and esterified forms of 9-NO(2)-OA and 10-NO(2)-OA have been detected in human plasma at about 600 and 300...
Arne Trettin et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 959, 71-81 (2014-04-29)
Paracetamol (acetaminophen) is a widely used safe analgesic drug when administered at therapeutic doses. Given the chemical reactivity of its phenolic group towards electrophilic species, we assumed that detection of paracetamol metabolites distinctly different from its known phase I metabolite...
Hauh-Jyun Candy Chen et al.
Toxicology letters, 155(3), 403-410 (2005-01-15)
5-Hydroxymethyluracil (5-HMU) is derived from radiation in addition to endogenous oxidative DNA damage and it is one of the most abundant DNA adducts. Human 5-HMU-DNA-glycosylase has been shown to repair this lesion. Whether urinary levels of 5-HMU is a valid...
Dimitrios Tsikas et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 879(17-18), 1476-1484 (2011-03-01)
Pentafluorobenzyl (PFB) bromide (PFB-Br) is a versatile derivatization reagent for numerous classes of compounds. Under electron-capture negative-ion chemical ionization (ECNICI) conditions PFB derivatives of acidic compounds readily and abundantly ionize to produce intense anions due to [M-PFB](-). In the present...
Measurement of 8-epi-PGF2alpha as a marker of lipid peroxidation in vivo by immunoaffinity extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
Nitin K Gopaul et al.
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.), 225, 329-342 (2003-05-29)
Dimitrios Tsikas
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.), 279, 81-103 (2004-06-17)
Measurement of the nitric oxide (NO) metabolites nitrite and nitrate in biological matrices is a reliable method to assess NO synthase (NOS) activity. Unlike the "L-citrulline assay," the "nitrite/nitrate assay" is generally applicable and permits acquisition of maximum information about...
Minghong Jia et al.
Analytical chemistry, 75(16), 4065-4080 (2003-11-25)
Haloacetic acids (HAAs) are environmentally and medically important chemicals. No analytical method is currently available to analyze EPA-regulated HAAs in biological samples at environmentally relevant low concentrations. Clinical studies of this class of chemicals are also limited by the lack...
Jun Ueyama et al.
Chemosphere, 87(11), 1403-1409 (2012-03-30)
A recent development in analytical chemistry has enabled us to monitor systemic organophosphorus insecticide (OP) exposure at individual levels. At present, however, limited data are currently available on urinary OP metabolite levels worldwide. The purpose of this study was to...
Valdemir Melechco Carvalho et al.
Analytical biochemistry, 381(1), 67-73 (2008-07-12)
Despite the new advances in bioanalytical techniques, the analysis of low-molecular-weight organic acids in complex matrices is still a challenge. Although new strategies applying liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) seem to be promising, sample preparation methodologies hamper its application in...
Yan Li et al.
Frontiers in bioengineering and biotechnology, 7, 394-394 (2019-12-24)
The main challenges in multienzymatic cascade reactions for CO2 reduction are the low CO2 solubility in water, the adjustment of substrate channeling, and the regeneration of co-factor. In this study, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) were prepared as adsorbents for the storage...
Laura Mateo-Vivaracho et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1185(1), 9-18 (2008-02-09)
A fast method for the determination of aroma-powerful polyfunctional thiols at ng L(-1) level has been developed. Mercaptans are selectively retained in a 50mg solid-phase extraction cartridge and derivatization takes place in the same cartridge at room temperature (25 degrees...
Alexandra Schwarz et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 879(17-18), 1485-1495 (2010-06-15)
Previously, we reported on the usefulness of pentafluorobenzyl bromide (PFB-Br) for the simultaneous derivatization and quantitative determination of nitrite and nitrate in various biological fluids by GC-MS using their (15)N-labelled analogues as internal standards. As nitrite may be distributed unevenly...
Alexander A Zoerner et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 879(17-18), 1444-1456 (2010-07-20)
In the human body, the catecholamine norepinephrine is mainly metabolized to 3,4-dihydroxyphenylglycol (DHPG) which therefore serves as an important biomarker for norepinephrine's metabolism. Most data on DHPG concentrations in human plasma and urine has been generated by using HPLC-ECD or...
Junting Liu et al.
Wei sheng yan jiu = Journal of hygiene research, 32(6), 620-621 (2004-02-18)
Solid phase microextraction (SPME) and derivatization with pentafluorobenzylbromide for sulfide in blood was presented in the paper. The derivative of sulfide was extracted for 20 min at the condition of room temperature by a polydimethylsiloxane fiber. 1,3,5-tribromobenzene (IS) was used...
Gilles Provencher et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1348, 97-104 (2014-05-20)
Bisphenol A (BPA) and triclosan (TCS) are ubiquitous environmental phenols exhibiting endocrine disrupting activities that may be involved in various health disorders in humans. There is a need to measure separately free forms and conjugated metabolites because only the former...
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