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Rui C Martins et al.
Environmental technology, 35(17-20), 2380-2388 (2014-08-26)
The presence of surfactants in wastewater composition tends to jeopardize the efficiency of the traditional aerobic treatment processes. In this regard, the application of Fenton's reaction and nanofiltration as single processes and integrated (nanofiltration followed by Fenton's process) was investigated
Fernando Henrique Borba et al.
Environmental technology, 34(5-8), 653-661 (2013-07-11)
In this work, an optimized photo-Fenton process was applied to remove pollutants from tannery industrial effluent (TIE) with its final toxicity level being assessed by a lettuce-seed-based bioassay test. A full 33 factorial design was applied for the optimization of
Keith P West et al.
JAMA, 312(24), 2649-2658 (2014-12-24)
Maternal micronutrient deficiencies may adversely affect fetal and infant health, yet there is insufficient evidence of effects on these outcomes to guide antenatal micronutrient supplementation in South Asia. To assess effects of antenatal multiple micronutrient vs iron-folic acid supplementation on
Xiao-Chun Xu et al.
Environmental technology, 34(17-20), 2853-2858 (2014-02-18)
Landfill leachate is posing an ever-greater environmental hazard. Recently, a process for purification combining activated carbon, microwave (MW) and Fenton oxidation has drawn much attention. In this study, the effectiveness of this process for the pretreatment of an old-age landfill
[Children's iron needs and how we best can protect the child's brain].
Staffan Berglund et al.
Lakartidningen, 111(11), 460-463 (2014-04-12)
Ramesh Kumar et al.
Environmental technology, 35(13-16), 2018-2027 (2014-06-25)
Nanofiltration (NF) of ammoniacal wastewater containing phenol and cyanide has been investigated for effective separation of these hazardous pollutants and for the subsequent downstream chemical treatment resulting in valuable by-product generation. Four different types of composite polyamide commercial NF membranes
Joseph D Mancias et al.
Nature, 509(7498), 105-109 (2014-04-04)
Autophagy, the process by which proteins and organelles are sequestered in double-membrane structures called autophagosomes and delivered to lysosomes for degradation, is critical in diseases such as cancer and neurodegeneration. Much of our understanding of this process has emerged from
Elzbieta Krzesiek et al.
Polski merkuriusz lekarski : organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego, 34(203), 289-292 (2013-07-31)
Anemia is a frequent symptom of diseases of alimentary tract, also in children. Among others, inflammatory bowel disease, celiac disease and Helicobacter pylori are most often complicated by anemia. Not infrequently these disorders are accompanied by more than one type
50 years ago in the Journal of Pediatrics: Iron metabolism in premature infants: II. Prevention of iron deficiency.
Pamela J Kling
The Journal of pediatrics, 164(4), 768-768 (2014-03-22)
Hamida Iboukhoulef et al.
Environmental technology, 34(5-8), 853-860 (2013-07-11)
Olive mill wastewater (OMW) is a substantial pollutant not only because of its high organic matter content and recalcitrant compounds such as polyphenols, but also due to its high chemical oxygen demand and biological oxygen demand. Its degradation by means
Jingrang Lu et al.
Journal of water and health, 12(4), 763-771 (2014-12-05)
A quantitative polymerase chain reaction assay (115 bp amplicon) specific to Escherichia coli K12 with an ABI(TM) internal control was developed based on sequence data encoding the rfb gene cluster. Assay specificity was evaluated using three E. coli K12 strains
Yan Zhang et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(17), E1695-E1704 (2014-04-16)
Eukaryotic ribonucleotide reductases (RNRs) require a diferric-tyrosyl radical (Fe(III)2-Y•) cofactor to produce deoxynucleotides essential for DNA replication and repair. This metallocofactor is an important target of RNR-based therapeutics, although mechanisms of in vivo cofactor assembly, inactivation, and reactivation are poorly
D Cao et al.
Undersea & hyperbaric medicine : journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc, 41(1), 27-31 (2014-03-22)
Iron is essential to life due to its unusual flexibility in serving as both an electron donor and acceptor. However, free iron can damage tissues by catalyzing the conversion of hydrogen peroxide to free-radical ions that attack lipids, proteins and
Chenyan Lv et al.
Biochemistry, 53(14), 2232-2241 (2014-04-01)
From an evolutionary point of view, plant and animal ferritins arose from a common ancestor, but plant ferritin exhibits different features as compared with the animal analogue. One major difference is that the 4-fold channels naturally occurring in plant ferritin
Ina Danquah et al.
Tropical medicine & international health : TM & IH, 19(5), 563-567 (2014-06-06)
Acute symptomatic infection with Giardia duodenalis impairs iron absorption, but iron deficiency may protect against infections caused by various micro-organisms including parasites. We therefore examined the association of G. duodenalis infection and iron deficiency in 575 Rwandan children under 5
B Clevenger et al.
Anaesthesia, 70 Suppl 1, 20-28 (2014-12-03)
Pre-operative anaemia is a relatively common finding, affecting a third of patients undergoing elective surgery. Traditionally associated with chronic disease, management has historically focused on the use of blood transfusion as a solution for anaemia in the peri-operative period. Data
Theodore M Flynn et al.
Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6187), 1039-1042 (2014-05-03)
Microbial reduction of ferric iron [Fe(III)] is an important biogeochemical process in anoxic aquifers. Depending on groundwater pH, dissimilatory metal-reducing bacteria can also respire alternative electron acceptors to survive, including elemental sulfur (S(0)). To understand the interplay of Fe/S cycling
Jinkyu Park et al.
Biochemistry, 52(52), 9413-9425 (2013-12-19)
Fermenting cells growing exponentially on rich (YPAD) medium underwent a transition to a slow-growing state as glucose levels declined and their metabolism shifted to respiration. During exponential growth, Fe import and cell-growth rates were matched, affording an approximately invariant cellular
J P Grotzinger et al.
Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6169), 1242777-1242777 (2013-12-11)
The Curiosity rover discovered fine-grained sedimentary rocks, which are inferred to represent an ancient lake and preserve evidence of an environment that would have been suited to support a martian biosphere founded on chemolithoautotrophy. This aqueous environment was characterized by
Stuart B Krasnoff et al.
Journal of natural products, 77(7), 1685-1692 (2014-07-06)
Under iron-depleted culture conditions, the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium robertsii (Bischoff, Humber, and Rehner) (= M. anisopliae) produces a complex of extracellular siderophores including novel O-glycosylated and N-oxidized coprogen-type compounds as well as the known fungal siderophores N(α)-dimethylcoprogen (NADC) and dimerumic
Darius J R Lane et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1845(2), 166-181 (2014-01-30)
Cancer is a major public health issue and, despite recent advances, effective clinical management remains elusive due to intra-tumoural heterogeneity and therapeutic resistance. Iron is a trace element integral to a multitude of metabolic processes, including DNA synthesis and energy
Erik T Yukl et al.
Biochemistry, 52(52), 9447-9455 (2013-12-11)
The di-heme enzyme MauG catalyzes the oxidative biosynthesis of a tryptophan tryptophylquinone cofactor on a precursor of the enzyme methylamine dehydrogenase (preMADH). Reaction of H2O2 with the diferric form of MauG, or reaction of O2 with diferrous MauG, forms the
Reference method for measurement of the hepatic iron concentration.
Gary M Brittenham
American journal of hematology, 90(2), 85-86 (2014-12-10)
N M Makarova et al.
Klinicheskaia laboratornaia diagnostika, (1)(1), 42-44 (2013-07-03)
The sample for examination included 52 patients with chronic cardiac failure and 26 patients with anemia amongst. The expected increase of production of prohepsidin against the background of increased serum concentrations of anti-inflammatory cytokines was not detected. The tendency to
Sohail Amjad et al.
Pakistan journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 27(3), 445-452 (2014-05-09)
In Pakistan, a funded flour fortification program was launched for malnourished population, residing mainly in rural low income areas, but the urban population having comparatively better nutritional as well as economic status was focused wherein excessive intake of fortificants might
Robert C Hider et al.
Metal ions in life sciences, 13, 229-294 (2014-01-29)
Iron is a redox active metal which is abundant in the Earth's crust. It has played a key role in the evolution of living systems and as such is an essential element in a wide range of biological phenomena, being
Zille Rubab et al.
Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation : an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia, 26(1), 19-25 (2015-01-13)
Patients on hemodialysis (HD) are usually anemic because of defective erythropoeisis. Hepcidin is a polypeptide that regulates iron homeostasis and could serve as an indicator of functional iron deficiency in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD); this may also aid
Mak A Saito et al.
Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6201), 1173-1177 (2014-09-06)
Marine primary productivity is strongly influenced by the scarcity of required nutrients, yet our understanding of these nutrient limitations is informed by experimental observations with sparse geographical coverage and methodological limitations. We developed a quantitative proteomic method to directly assess
Yatrik M Shah et al.
Gastroenterology, 146(3), 630-642 (2014-01-07)
Iron is required for efficient oxygen transport, and hypoxia signaling links erythropoiesis with iron homeostasis. Hypoxia induces a highly conserved signaling pathway in cells under conditions of low levels of O2. One component of this pathway, hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF), is
Wei Wang et al.
Journal of environmental sciences (China), 25(9), 1726-1735 (2014-02-14)
Bamboo charcoal (BC) was used as starting material to prepare Co-Fe binary oxideloaded adsorbent (Co-Fe-MBC) through its impregnation in Co(NO3)2, FeCl3 and HNO3 solutions simultaneously, followed by microwave heating. The low-cost composite was characterized and used as an adsorbent for
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