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Tomo Daidoji et al.
Journal of virology, 82(22), 11294-11307 (2008-09-13)
In recent years, the highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N1 has raised serious worldwide concern about an influenza pandemic; however, the biology of H5N1 pathogenesis is largely unknown. To elucidate the mechanism of H5N1 pathogenesis, we prepared primary airway epithelial
Wenxin Wu et al.
Virology, 396(2), 178-188 (2009-11-17)
We studied cytokine responses to influenza virus PR8 (H1N1) and Oklahoma/309/06 (OK/06, H3N2) in a novel human lung tissue model. Exposure of the model to influenza virus rapidly activated the mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling (MAPK) pathways ERK, p38 and JNK.
Robert Nason et al.
Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology : JARO, 10(2), 151-160 (2009-01-16)
Osteoclasts are the only cells capable of carrying out bone resorption and therefore are responsible for the osteolysis seen in infectious diseases such as chronic otitis media and infected cholesteatoma. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the most common organism isolated from these
Nicolas Daudet et al.
Developmental biology, 326(1), 86-100 (2008-11-18)
Unlike mammals, birds regenerate auditory hair cells (HCs) after injury. During regeneration, mature non-sensory supporting cells (SCs) leave quiescence and convert into HCs, through non-mitotic or mitotic mechanisms. During embryogenesis, Notch ligands from nascent HCs exert lateral inhibition, restricting HC
Rebeka R Merson et al.
Aquatic toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 94(1), 47-55 (2009-06-23)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) mediates the toxic effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and related compounds. In some mammalian cell lines, TCDD induces G1 cell cycle arrest, which depends on an interaction between the AHR and the retinoblastoma tumor suppressor (RB).
Carlo Mangano et al.
PloS one, 6(4), e18721-e18721 (2011-04-16)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the behavior of human Dental Pulp Stem Cells (DPSCs), as well as human osteoblasts, when challenged on a Biocoral scaffold, which is a porous natural hydroxyapatite. For this purpose, human DPSCs were
Chia-Chyi Liu et al.
PloS one, 3(3), e1810-e1810 (2008-03-20)
This work investigated the replication kinetics of the four dengue virus serotypes (DEN-1 to DEN-4), including dengue virus type 4 (DEN-4) recovered from an infectious cDNA clone, in Vero cells and in MRC-5 cells grown on Cytodex 1 microcarriers. DEN-1
Petra G Hirrlinger et al.
PloS one, 6(1), e16106-e16106 (2011-02-02)
Glial cells such as retinal Müller glial cells are involved in potassium ion and water homeostasis of the neural tissue. In these cells, inwardly rectifying potassium (Kir) channels and aquaporin-4 water channels play an important role in the process of
Yoshifumi Nishikawa et al.
Clinical and vaccine immunology : CVI, 16(6), 792-797 (2009-04-10)
The present study demonstrates that the subcutaneous administration of Neospora caninum dense granule protein 7 (NcGRA7) entrapped in liposomes coated with mannotriose strongly induces the parasite-specific T-helper type 1 immune response and humoral antibody in mice. Although anti-NcGRA7 immunoglobulin G1
Hany M Ibrahim et al.
Infection and immunity, 77(9), 3686-3695 (2009-07-01)
Toxoplasma gondii modulates pro- and anti-inflammatory responses to regulate parasite multiplication and host survival. Pressure from the immune response causes the conversion of tachyzoites into slowly dividing bradyzoites. The regulatory mechanisms involved in this switch are poorly understood. The aim
Balázs V Varga et al.
BMC developmental biology, 8, 89-89 (2008-09-24)
The central nervous tissue contains diverse subtypes of neurons with characteristic morphological and physiological features and different neurotransmitter phenotypes. The generation of neurons with defined neurotransmitter phenotypes seems to be governed by factors differently expressed along the anterior-posterior and dorsal-ventral
Jin Sun et al.
Journal of cellular biochemistry, 107(6), 1097-1106 (2009-05-30)
The fragile histidine triad gene (human FHIT, mouse Fhit) has been shown to act as a tumor suppressor gene. Nit1 and Fhit form a fusion protein, encoded by the NitFhit gene in flies and worms, suggesting that mammalian Nit1 and
Aaminah Khan et al.
Oncogene, 39(17), 3555-3570 (2020-03-04)
Amplification of the MYCN oncogene occurs in ~25% of primary neuroblastomas and is the single most powerful biological marker of poor prognosis in this disease. MYCN transcriptionally regulates a range of biological processes important for cancer, including cell metabolism. The
Marcus J G W Ladds et al.
PloS one, 13(4), e0195956-e0195956 (2018-04-24)
Tenovin-6 is the most studied member of a family of small molecules with antitumour activity in vivo. Previously, it has been determined that part of the effects of tenovin-6 associate with its ability to inhibit SirT1 and activate p53. However
Anisha Viswanathan et al.
Cells, 8(12) (2019-12-18)
Glioblastoma (GB), a grade IV glioma, with high heterogeneity and chemoresistance, obligates a multidimensional antagonist to debilitate its competence. Considering the previous reports on thioesters as antitumor compounds, this paper investigates on use of this densely functionalized sulphur rich molecule
Anisha Viswanathan et al.
European journal of pharmacology, 837, 105-116 (2018-09-05)
Glioblastoma remains the most common and aggressive type of malignant brain tumor among adults thus, considerable attention has been given to discovery of novel anti-tumor drugs for its treatment. This study reports the synthesis of a series of twelve novel
Tatsuhiro Tsujimoto et al.
World journal of gastroenterology, 15(44), 5533-5540 (2009-11-26)
To investigate the possible use of the multiple cytokine production modulator, Y-40138, as a novel immunotherapy in the rat nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) model. We allocated 6-wk-old male F344 rats to choline-supplemented, L-amino acid-defined (CSAA) diet (control group), CSAA diet +
Es Rennel et al.
British journal of cancer, 98(7), 1250-1257 (2008-03-20)
Vascular endothelial growth factor-A is widely regarded as the principal stimulator of angiogenesis required for tumour growth. VEGF is generated as multiple isoforms of two families, the pro-angiogenic family generated by proximal splice site selection in the terminal exon, termed
Dominic Cosgrove et al.
The American journal of pathology, 172(3), 761-773 (2008-02-09)
Previous work has shown that integrin alpha1-null Alport mice exhibit attenuated glomerular disease with decreased matrix accumulation and live much longer than strain-matched Alport mice. However, the mechanism underlying this observation is unknown. Here we show that glomerular gelatinase expression
Michael J Tuvim et al.
PloS one, 4(1), e4176-e4176 (2009-01-13)
Influenza pneumonia causes high mortality every year, and pandemic episodes kill millions of people. Influenza-related mortality has been variously ascribed to an ineffective host response that fails to limit viral replication, an excessive host inflammatory response that results in lung
Optimization of chemically defined cell culture media-replacing fetal bovine serum in mammalian in vitro methods
Van der VJ, et al.
Toxicology in vitro, 24(4), 1053-1063 (2010)
Parag Saxena et al.
Virology journal, 5, 20-20 (2008-02-01)
Dengue is emerging as a major public health concern in many parts of the world. The development of a one-step, single tube, rapid, and multiplex reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (M-RT-PCR) for simultaneous detection and typing of dengue virus using
Autophagic flux blockage by accumulation of weakly basic tenovins leads to elimination of B-Raf mutant tumour cells that survive vemurafenib
Ladds MJGW, et al.
PLoS ONE, 13(4), e0195956-e0195956 (2018)
Dirk M Reiter et al.
PLoS pathogens, 7(8), e1002166-e1002166 (2011-08-11)
Many viruses attach to target cells by binding to cell-surface glycans. To gain a better understanding of strategies used by viruses to engage carbohydrate receptors, we determined the crystal structures of reovirus attachment protein σ1 in complex with α-2,3-sialyllactose, α-2,6-sialyllactose
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