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Carbohydrate moiety of HLA antigens. Antigenic properties and amino acid sequences around the site of glycosylation.
P Parham et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 252(21), 7555-7567 (1977-11-10)
Takeshi Hano et al.
Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology, 95(3), 340-343 (2015-04-24)
We evaluated the bioconcentration and elimination of polycarbamate, a popular antifoulant classified as a dithiocarbamate fungicide, in a marine teleost fish, mummichog (Fundulus heteroclitus), and a polychaete (Perinereis nuntia). Following polycarbamate exposure and depuration, the calculated bioconcentration factor (BCF) and...
Xiaohui Song et al.
Small (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany), 11(34), 4351-4365 (2015-06-13)
The origin of selectivity in the hollowing of silica nanoparticles is investigated to further understand silica. It is realized that, during the synthesis, the silica precursors are essentially ion-paired polyelectrolytes, whose nucleation depends on the concentration of the counter ions...
S Schrank et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 478(2), 779-787 (2014-12-21)
Although drying is widely applied during the manufacturing of solid dosage forms, its potential effect on the product's (key) properties is often underestimated. Hence, the present study addresses drying related modifications of wet-extruded pellets comprising calcium stearate (CaSt, matrix former)...
Seokyung Kang et al.
ACS nano, 9(10), 9678-9690 (2015-09-09)
Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have been extensively studied for photothermal cancer therapy because AuNPs can generate heat upon near-infrared irradiation. However, improving their tumor-targeting efficiency and optimizing the nanoparticle size for maximizing the photothermal effect remain challenging. We demonstrate that mesenchymal...
Pamela Maher et al.
Neurochemical research, 40(3), 609-620 (2015-01-07)
There is growing evidence for alterations in iron homeostasis during aging that are exacerbated in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease. However, since essentially all neurodegenerative diseases are multi-factorial in the sense that there are a large number of mechanisms...
Xavier A Kayigire et al.
Tuberculosis (Edinburgh, Scotland), 95(6), 770-779 (2015-09-01)
Dormant, slow-growing, antibiotic-tolerant Mycobacterium tuberculosis undermine the shortening of tuberculosis treatment to less than 6 months and are thought to be characterised by intracellular lipid bodies. Antibiotic effects on such persisting bacilli escape evaluation as they cannot be readily cultured....
O A Adaramoye et al.
The West Indian medical journal, 63(5), 408-415 (2015-03-18)
To evaluate and compare the antioxidant and acetylcholinestrase (AChE)-inhibitory properties of aerial parts of Strophanthus preussii (leaves, stem and root named as SPL, SPS and SPR, respectively) while catechin served as standard. The antioxidant and AchE-inhibitory properties of the methanol...
Huang Lingli et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(22), 5557-5569 (2015-05-15)
The metabolism, distribution, and elimination of cyadox (CYA) is investigated in pigs, chickens, carp, and rats to identify the marker residue and target tissue of CYA in food animals for food safety concerns. Following a single oral gavage of [(3)H]-CYA...
Malin Jonsson et al.
Tissue engineering. Part C, Methods, 21(11), 1162-1170 (2015-09-24)
Proliferation, integration, and neurite extension of PC12 cells, a widely used culture model for cholinergic neurons, were studied in nanocellulose scaffolds biosynthesized by Gluconacetobacter xylinus to allow a three-dimensional (3D) extension of neurites better mimicking neuronal networks in tissue. The...
Fuping Gao et al.
ACS nano, 9(5), 4976-4986 (2015-04-29)
Positron emission tomography (PET) imaging has received special attention owing to its higher sensitivity, temporal resolution, and unlimited tissue penetration. The development of tracers that target specific molecules is therefore essential for the development and utility of clinically relevant PET...
Matthew Di Rago et al.
Forensic science international, 243, 35-43 (2014-05-06)
The aim of this study was to develop an LC-MS/MS based screening technique that covers a broad range of acidic and neutral drugs and poisons by combining a small sample volume and efficient extraction technique with simple automated data processing....
Rei Nishimoto et al.
Pflugers Archiv : European journal of physiology, 467(9), 2011-2020 (2014-10-11)
Propofol, a commonly used intravenous anesthetic agent, is known to at times cause pain sensation upon injection in humans. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this effect are not fully understood. Although propofol was reported to activate human transient receptor potential...
Hanieh Shirazi et al.
Beilstein journal of nanotechnology, 6, 1677-1689 (2015-10-02)
The unique properties and applications of iron oxide and Au nanoparticles have motivated researchers to synthesize and optimize a combined nanocomposite containing both. By using various polymers such as chitosan, some of the problems of classic core-shell structures (such as...
Mi Ryoung Choi et al.
Digestive diseases and sciences, 60(6), 1674-1679 (2015-01-21)
Apoptosis inactivation and intratumoral heterogeneity (ITH) are common features of cancers, including colorectal cancer (CRC). Inactivation of apoptosis prolongs cancer cell survival, and ITH may contribute to CRC progression. To examine the presence and extent of mutational ITH in the...
Javed Iqbal et al.
Toxicology mechanisms and methods, 24(8), 544-551 (2014-07-26)
Advancement in the field of analytical food-chemistry has explored various experimental techniques for aflatoxins (AFs) quantification. The present study was aimed to compare four different techniques; thin-layer chromatography (TLC), high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and enzyme-linked...
Eleonora Dellera et al.
European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V, 88(3), 643-650 (2014-08-17)
In the treatment of chronic wounds, topical application of anti-infective drugs such as silver sulfadiazine (AgSD) is of primary importance to avoid infections and accelerate wound repair. AgSD is used in burns and chronic wounds for its wide antibacterial spectrum...
Simon Kluters et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 1006, 37-46 (2015-11-02)
Cation exchange chromatography (CEX) is an integral part of many downstream processes for monoclonal antibodies (mAbs). However, in some cases CEX methods with standard mobile phase conditions do not lead to a sufficient removal of soluble antibody aggregates. The addition...
Shih-Chen Hsu et al.
Small (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany), 11(2), 195-201 (2014-08-15)
Au-Cu2 O core-shell nanocubes, octahedra, and rhombic dodecahedra display facet-dependent optical properties. Furthermore, different-sized Au-Cu2 O octahedra with 58, 65, 68, and 73 nm octahedral gold cores clearly show a transition from the shell thickness-independent gold surface plasmon resonance band...
Sachiko Kitamoto et al.
Mutation research. Genetic toxicology and environmental mutagenesis, 786-788, 129-136 (2015-07-28)
The in vivo rodent alkaline comet assay (comet assay) is a promising technique to evaluate DNA damage in vivo. However, there is no agreement on a method to evaluate DNA damage in organs where cytotoxicity is observed. As a part...
Cecilia Fortugno et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 95, 151-157 (2014-04-01)
Bicalutamide (Casodex®) is a non-steroidal anti-androgen drug used in the treatment of prostate cancer, which represents the second most common malignancy diagnosed in men worldwide. In this work, we analyze the ability of some novel bicalutamide analogs to bind the...
Florian Labarrade et al.
Journal of cosmetic dermatology, 14(3), 191-203 (2015-07-17)
The chromosomal passenger complex (CPC) is an assembly made of four interacting proteins: survivin, borealin, INCENP, and aurora kinase B. CPC is the key regulatory complex responsible for the correct development of cellular mitosis, accompanying each step of the chromosomal...
Ching-Wei Tung et al.
Nature communications, 6, 8106-8106 (2015-09-01)
Electrochemically converting water into oxygen/hydrogen gas is ideal for high-density renewable energy storage in which robust electrocatalysts for efficient oxygen evolution play crucial roles. To date, however, electrocatalysts with long-term stability have remained elusive. Here we report that single-crystal Co3O4...
Sven Amrhein et al.
Biotechnology and bioengineering, 112(12), 2485-2494 (2015-06-16)
The surface hydrophobicity of a protein is an important factor for its interactions in solution and thus the outcome of its production process. Yet most of the methods are not able to evaluate the influence of these hydrophobic interactions under...
Göknur Kalkan et al.
Cutaneous and ocular toxicology, 33(2), 109-114 (2013-07-12)
The conflicting information related to oxidative stress status in patients with chronic idiopathic urticaria has been reported in several studies. However, the association between acute urticaria (AU) and oxidative stress has not been investigated exhaustively. To evaluate the role of...
Kelsey M Danner et al.
Environmental toxicology and chemistry, 34(8), 1705-1710 (2015-03-12)
Metal contaminated sediments can be toxic to aquatic organisms and are common in human-dominated ecosystems, which results in metals being a leading cause of ecosystem impairment. Bioavailability of metals is influenced by their affinity for dissolved and solid-phase ligands, including...
Andrea Hetzel et al.
Neuropsychopharmacology : official publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology, 39(9), 2114-2130 (2014-03-13)
Severe and repeated stress has damaging effects on health, including initiation of depression and anxiety. Stress that occurs during development has long-lasting and particularly damaging effects on emotion. The basolateral amygdala (BLA) plays a key role in many affective behaviors...
Nadia Ayala-Lopez et al.
American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology, 309(11), H1904-H1914 (2015-10-04)
Perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) reduces vasoconstriction to norepinephrine (NE). A mechanism by which PVAT could function to reduce vascular contraction is by decreasing the amount of NE to which the vessel is exposed. PVATs from male Sprague-Dawley rats were used...
Qianli Zou et al.
Journal of medicinal chemistry, 58(20), 7949-7958 (2015-09-24)
A series of bis(arylidene)cycloalkanone photosensitizers modified by polyethylene glycol (PEG) have been studied for two-photon excited photodynamic therapy (2PE-PDT). As compared with their prototype compounds, these PEGylated photosensitizers show enhanced water solubilities while their photophysical and photochemical properties, including linear...
Karen H L Kwan et al.
Nanomedicine : nanotechnology, biology, and medicine, 10(7), 1375-1383 (2013-12-18)
This study demonstrates a novel method of using silver nanoparticles for Achilles tendon injury healing. In vitro results indicated a stimulatory effect on cell proliferation and collagen synthesis with silver nanoparticles. Biomechanical test on the 42-day post operation Achilles tendon...