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Giovanni Forte et al.
Annali dell'Istituto superiore di sanita, 41(2), 213-216 (2005-10-26)
Although some studies suggested a link between exposure to trace elements and development of multiple sclerosis (MS), clear information on their role in the aetiology of MS is still lacking. In this study the concentrations of Al, Ba, Be, Bi
Kazuma Takahashi et al.
Acta veterinaria Scandinavica, 55, 70-70 (2013-09-24)
Horse fibrinogen has been identified as a plasma specific ferritin-binding protein. There are two ways in the binding of ferritin-binding protein with ferritin: one is direct binding and the other is indirect binding which is heme-mediated. The aim of this
Shutoh, N.; Sakurada, S.
J. Alloy Compounds, 389, 204-204 (2005)
Norbert W Lutz et al.
PloS one, 2(7), e595-e595 (2007-07-06)
Multiple sclerosis (MS), an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system, manifests itself in numerous forms and stages. A number of brain metabolic alterations have been reported for MS patients vs. control subjects. However, metabolite profiles of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
G Vaidyanathan et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, 20(24), 6929-6939 (2012-11-20)
A major drawback of internalizing monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) radioiodinated with direct electrophilic approaches is that tumor retention of radioactivity is compromised by the rapid washout of iodo-tyrosine, the primary labeled catabolite for mAbs labeled via this strategy. In our continuing
C E Shaw et al.
Journal of neurology, 242(2), 53-58 (1995-01-01)
Magnetic resonance imaging of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients often shows active inflammatory lesions despite clinical remission. No immunological marker of disease activity has been identified in these patients. Concentrations of neopterin, interleukin-2 (IL-2), soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R) and tumour necrosis
S Engelborghs et al.
Neurochemical research, 28(8), 1145-1150 (2003-07-02)
To study changes in amino acid metabolism and biogenic amines in Parkinson's disease, we set up a prospective study and measured biogenic amines, their main metabolites, and 22 different amino acids, in cerebrospinal fluid of Parkinson's disease patients (n =
Tatsuya Kawai et al.
Acta radiologica (Stockholm, Sweden : 1987), 54(8), 954-960 (2013-04-25)
The effects of a tin filter on virtual non-enhanced (VNE) images created by dual-energy CT have not been well evaluated. To compare the accuracy of VNE images between those with and without a tin filter. Two different types of columnar
Ritambhara Sharma et al.
Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003), 42(16), 5627-5630 (2013-03-20)
Our successful synthesis of the first examples of Sn(IV) complexes of meso-aryl dipyrrins is reported. Sn(IV) dipyrrins are synthesized by treating meso-aryl dipyrrins with readily available SnCl2·2H2O in pyridine at reflux temperature and isolated as pure complexes by recrystallization. The
L F Vieira Ferreira et al.
Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy, 104, 437-444 (2013-01-02)
Two sherds representative of the Portuguese faience production of the first and second halves of the 17th century were studied carefully with the use of non-invasive spectroscopies, namely: Ground State Diffuse Reflectance Absorption (GSDR), micro-Raman, Fourier-Transform Infrared (FT-IR), Laser Induced
V Calabrese et al.
Neurochemical research, 28(9), 1321-1328 (2003-08-27)
Recent studies suggest that NO and its reactive derivative peroxynitrite are implicated in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). Patients dying with MS demonstrate increased astrocytic inducible nitric oxide synthase activity, as well as increased levels of iNOS mRNA. Peroxynitrite
Olga G Tsay et al.
Inorganic chemistry, 52(4), 1991-1999 (2013-02-05)
Various R/Ar-functionalized tin 5,10,15-tris(pentafluorophenyl)corrolate derivatives are reported herein including the first ferrocenyltin corrolate species. The isopropyl, sec-butyl-, 2-methyl-n-butyl-, phenyl-, 2-thienyl-, and ferrocenyltin species have been prepared and characterized through (1)H, (13)C, and (119)Sn HMQC NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, UV-vis and
Chongshen Guo et al.
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 13(5), 3236-3239 (2013-07-19)
For fabricating the crystal of Rb(x)WO3, the solvothermal process was performed using a mixed medium of water and ethanol as solvent. It has been found that the morphological evolutions of samples were greatly changed as disordered nanoparticles, bundle of nanorods
P A LeWitt et al.
Neurology, 42(11), 2111-2117 (1992-11-01)
We used two analytic methods (a multichannel coulometric electrode array with high-performance liquid chromatography, and gas chromatography-mass spectrophotometry) to measure CSF dopamine (DA) and its metabolites in mildly affected, unmedicated subjects with Parkinson's disease (PD). The mean (+/- SD) concentration
S V De Azevedo et al.
Clinical biochemistry, 46(1-2), 123-127 (2012-10-03)
The aim of this work was to develop a procedure for the determination of tin in whole blood and urine by GF AAS with a minimum sample pre-treatment, using Pd/Mg as chemical modifier. The analyses of tin were conducted using
Y Miura
The Kurume medical journal, 47(4), 267-272 (2001-02-24)
Plasma beta-phenylethylamine (PEA) levels were determined in 27 patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) in order to evaluate its relation with the severity or clinical course of PD. The plasma PEA concentrations in PD patients were significantly lower (mean +/- SD
K J Bär et al.
Neurobiology of aging, 24(2), 333-338 (2002-12-25)
Increasing evidence suggests an interaction of oxidative stress and the formation of advanced glycation end products (AGE) in the onset and progression of Alzheimer's disease. We studied levels of pentosidine and N(epsilon)-(carboxymethyl)-lysine (CML) in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of
M Naoi et al.
Mechanisms of ageing and development, 111(2-3), 175-188 (2000-02-03)
Dopamine neurons in the substantia nigra of human brain are selectively vulnerable and the number decline by aging at 5-10% per decade. Enzymatic and non-enzymatic oxidation of dopamine generates reactive oxygen species, which induces apoptotic cell death in dopamine neurons.
D B Shpakovsky et al.
Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003), 41(48), 14568-14582 (2012-10-12)
Four new organotin(IV) complexes of bis-(2,6-di-tert-butylphenol)tin(IV) dichloride [(tert-Bu-)(2)(HO-Ph)](2)SnCl(2) (1) with the heterocyclic thioamides 2-mercapto-pyrimidine (PMTH), 2-mercapto-4-methyl-pyrimidine (MPMTH), 2-mercapto-pyridine (PYTH) and 2-mercapto-benzothiazole (MBZTH), of formulae {[(tert-Bu-)(2)(HO-Ph)](2)Sn(PMT)(2)} (2), {[(tert-Bu-)(2)(HO-Ph)](2)Sn(MPMT)(2)} (3), {[(tert-Bu-)(2)(HO-Ph)](2)SnCl(PYT)} (4) and {[(tert-Bu-)(2)(HO-Ph)](2)SnCl(MBZT)} (5), have been synthesized and characterized by elemental
José Barluenga et al.
Organic letters, 15(3), 488-491 (2013-01-12)
A simple three-step access to n/5/m angular tricyclic skeleta from terminal cycloalkenylacetylenes, Cr(CO)(6), and propargylmalonate esters is described. The process involves a cyclopentannulation of propargylmalonates and enynyl Fischer carbenes, followed by a metal-promoted Cope-type fragmentation of the propargyl unit. The
Anna Walter et al.
Neurobiology of aging, 25(10), 1299-1303 (2004-10-07)
Experimental and clinical studies give evidence for breakdown of membrane phospholipids during neurodegeneration. In the present study, we measured the levels of glycerophosphocholine (GPCh), phosphocholine (PCh), and choline, that is, water-soluble metabolites of phosphatidylcholine (PtdCho), in human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).
[Tin in the environment].
Iu P Popov et al.
Gigiena i sanitariia, (9)(9), 55-57 (1983-09-01)
K A Winship
Adverse drug reactions and acute poisoning reviews, 7(1), 19-38 (1988-01-01)
Inorganic tin salts are poorly absorbed and rapidly excreted in the faeces; as a result they have a low toxicity. Only about 5 per cent is absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, widely distributed in the body, then excreted by the
Beatrice Bocca et al.
Annali dell'Istituto superiore di sanita, 41(2), 197-203 (2005-10-26)
The haematic concentration of 26 metals and the oxidative damage in 60 patients (20 males and 40 females) affected by Alzheimer's disease and 44 healthy individuals (33 males and 11 females) were compared. In patients, the following significant (p <
The newer essential trace elements, chromium, tin, nickel, vanadium and silicon.
W Mertz
The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 33(3), 307-313 (1974-12-01)
L Nagy et al.
Acta pharmaceutica Hungarica, 70(2), 53-71 (2001-02-24)
The occurrence of tin in plants, animals and humans is discussed, in relation to its abundance in the lithosphere and hydrosphere and the range of the different tin(II) and tin(IV) complexes formed. A reasoned consideration of its essentiality for living
Rima Obeid et al.
Clinical chemistry, 53(6), 1129-1136 (2007-03-27)
Increased plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) is a risk factor for neurological diseases, but the underlying pathophysiology has not been adequately explained. We evaluated concentrations of tHcy, S-adenosyl homocysteine (SAH), S-adenosyl methionine (SAM), folate, and vitamin B(12) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
F J de Araujo et al.
Genes and immunity, 16(4), 284-288 (2015-03-13)
Functional variations in the mannose-binding lectin (MBL2) gene causing low levels of serum MBL are associated with susceptibility to numerous infectious diseases. We investigated whether there is genetic association of MBL2 variant alleles with cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) caused by Leishmania
Takashi Abe et al.
Neuroscience letters, 336(2), 105-108 (2002-12-25)
In order to investigate the possible role of oxidative RNA damage in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD), the concentrations of the oxidative stress marker 8-hydroxyguanosine (8-OHG) were measured in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and the serum of patients with
Shiyou Chen et al.
Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.), 25(11), 1522-1539 (2013-02-13)
The kesterite-structured semiconductors Cu2ZnSnS4 and Cu2ZnSnSe4 are drawing considerable attention recently as the active layers in earth-abundant low-cost thin-film solar cells. The additional number of elements in these quaternary compounds, relative to binary and ternary semiconductors, results in increased flexibility
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