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Juan M Quiles et al.
Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association, 83, 222-228 (2015-07-07)
Aflatoxins (AFs) are secondary metabolites produced by different species of Aspergillus, such as Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus, which possess mutagenic, teratogenic and carcinogenic activities in humans. In this study, active packaging devices containing allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) or oriental mustard
Haji Bahadar et al.
Environmental toxicology and pharmacology, 39(3), 1161-1169 (2015-05-04)
Benzene (C6H6) is an organic compound used in petrochemicals and numerous other industries. It is abundantly released to our environment as a chemical pollutant causing widespread human exposure. This study mainly focused on benzene induced toxicity on rat pancreatic islets
Samy Mohamady et al.
Current protocols in nucleic acid chemistry, Chapter 13, Unit13-Unit13 (2012-12-21)
This unit describes a method for preparing nucleoside polyphosphates and their conjugates such as nucleoside triphosphates, symmetrical and unsymmetrical dinucleoside polyphosphates and sugar nucleotides. The protocols employ sulfonyl imidazolium salts (SnISs) as coupling reagents. These reagents are prepared in two
K M Frankowski et al.
Journal of dairy science, 97(9), 5356-5370 (2014-07-16)
Many food companies are trying to limit the amount of sodium in their products. Permeate, the liquid remaining after whey or milk is ultrafiltered, has been suggested as a salt substitute. The objective of this study was to determine the
Javier Gualix et al.
Purinergic signalling, 10(2), 349-356 (2013-08-15)
Diadenosine triphosphate (Ap(3)A), diadenosine tetraphosphate (Ap(4)A), and diadenosine pentaphosphate (Ap(5)A) have been identified in microdialysis samples from the cerebellum of conscious freely moving rats, under basal conditions, by means of a high-performance liquid chromatography method. The occurrence of Ap(3)A in
Svante Vikingsson et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 75, 145-152 (2012-12-25)
A high-performance liquid chromatography method capable of measuring thiopurine mono-, di-, and triphosphates separately in red blood cells (RBCs) was developed. RBCs were isolated from whole blood using centrifugation. Proteins were precipitated using dichloromethane and methanol. The thioguanine nucleotides (TGNs)
Erythrocytic adenosine monophosphate as an alternative purine source in Plasmodium falciparum.
Cassera MB, et al.
The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 283(47), 32889-32899 (2008)
Muhammet Uyanik et al.
Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6194), 291-294 (2014-07-19)
The diverse biological activities of tocopherols and their analogs have inspired considerable interest in the development of routes for their efficient asymmetric synthesis. Here, we report that chiral ammonium hypoiodite salts catalyze highly chemo- and enantioselective oxidative cyclization of γ-(2-hydroxyphenyl)ketones
Matt Petrowsky et al.
The journal of physical chemistry. B, 116(33), 10098-10105 (2012-07-31)
Onsager's model of the dielectric constant is used to provide a molecular-level picture of how the dielectric constant affects mass and charge transport in organic liquids and organic liquid electrolytes. Specifically, the molecular and system parameters governing transport are the
Fabio Galeotti et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1284, 141-147 (2013-03-05)
In this study, by using tetrabutylammonium bisulfate as ion-pairing reagent, we were able to separate all the main heparin/heparan sulfate disaccharides generated by the action of heparinases along with the main Hep tetrasaccharide possessing a 3-O-sulfate group on the sulfoglucosamine
Erbo Shi et al.
Organic letters, 14(13), 3384-3387 (2012-06-27)
A metal-free C-H oxidation for the construction of allylic esters has been developed. The use of a commercially available and inexpensive catalyst and oxidant, and readily available starting materials, coupled with the operational simplicity of the reaction, renders the methodology
Morteza Moradi et al.
The Analyst, 137(15), 3549-3557 (2012-06-27)
Hollow fiber-based liquid phase microextraction (HF-LPME) using conventional solvents is limited by their relative instability and high volatility. The use of supramolecular solvents as a liquid membrane phase could overcome these inconveniences due to their negligible vapour pressure and high
A J Chinchalikar et al.
The European physical journal. E, Soft matter, 35(7), 55-55 (2012-07-06)
Clouding is studied by small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) on a charged micellar system of sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) and tetrabutylammonium bromide (TBAB) with varying temperature and salt NaCl. We show that the clouding occurs as a result of increase in
Muhammet Uyanik et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 17(7), 8604-8616 (2012-07-20)
We have developed the first example of hypervalent iodine(V)-catalyzed regioselective oxidation of phenols to o-quinones. Various phenols could be oxidized to the corresponding o-quinones in good to excellent yields using catalytic amounts of sodium salts of 2-iodobenzenesulfonic acids (pre-IBSes) and
R Bryan Sears et al.
Journal of inorganic biochemistry, 121, 77-87 (2013-01-29)
The complex cis-[Ru(phpy)(phen)(CH3CN)2](+) (phpy=2-phenylpyridine, phen=1,10-phenanthroline) was investigated as a potential photodynamic therapy (PDT) agent. This complex presents desirable photochemical characteristics including a low energy absorption tail extending into the PDT window (600-850nm) and photoinduced exchange of the CH3CN ligands, generating
Ying-Chieh Wong et al.
Organic letters, 14(23), 6024-6027 (2012-11-30)
The radical cascade protocol of the α-cyano α-TMS/aryl-capped alkynyl aryl ketones promoted by tert-butyl hydroperoxide under catalysis with tetrabutylammonium iodide in refluxing benzene has been developed, leading to the construction of a variety of highly functionalized [6,6,5] tricyclic frameworks in
Huanhuan Zhang et al.
Environmental toxicology and chemistry, 34(7), 1499-1504 (2015-03-17)
Analytical methods for determining perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) in leaves were developed to quantify a suite of analytes in both coniferous and deciduous broad-leaved trees. Sodium hydroxide-methanol and solid-phase extraction was selected as the extracting and cleanup strategy for PFAA analysis.
Hiroyuki Nakao et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1848(1 Pt A), 145-150 (2014-10-15)
KcsA is a pH-dependent potassium channel that is activated at acidic pH. The channel undergoes global conformational changes upon activation. We hypothesized that the open-close conformational changes of the transmem brane region could promote the flip-flop of phosphoiipids. Based on
Mei Shen et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 134(24), 9856-9859 (2012-06-05)
Here we report on the unprecedentedly high resolution imaging of ion transport through single nanopores by scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM). The quantitative SECM image of single nanopores allows for the determination of their structural properties, including their density, shape, and
Suresh Dharuman et al.
The Journal of organic chemistry, 78(17), 8442-8450 (2013-08-13)
A reagent system comprising tetrabutylammonium nitrate-trifluoroacetic anhydride-triethylamine has been developed for the synthesis of 2-nitroglycals from various protected glycals. The base-catalyzed Ferrier rearrangement on tri-O-acetylated 2-nitroglycals has been reported for the first time. Reactivity of these nitroacetates and associated selectivity
Yohei Ishibashi et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(29), 18245-18260 (2015-06-07)
The membrane glycolipid glucosylceramide (GlcCer) plays a critical role in cellular homeostasis. Its intracellular levels are thought to be tightly regulated. How cells regulate GlcCer levels remains to be clarified. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), which is a crucial cellular energy
Oliver Bixner et al.
The Journal of chemical physics, 136(20), 204503-204503 (2012-06-07)
The interaction of exciton and charge transfer (CT) states plays a central role in photo-induced CT processes in chemistry, biology, and physics. In this work, we use a combination of two-dimensional electronic spectroscopy (2D-ES), pump-probe measurements, and quantum chemistry to
Polyesters bearing furan moieties: IV. Solution and interfacial polycondensation of 2, 2'-bis (5-chloroformyl-2-furyl) propane with various diols and bisphenols.
Gharbi S, et al.
European Polymer Journal, 36(3), 463-472 (2000)
Purnandhu Bose et al.
Chemistry, an Asian journal, 7(10), 2373-2380 (2012-07-26)
A new series of tris(2-aminoethyl)amine (tren)-based L-alanine amino acid backboned tripodal hexaamide receptors (L1-L5) with various attached moieties based on electron-withdrawing fluoro groups and lipophilicity have been synthesized and characterized. Detailed binding studies of L1-L5 with different anions, such as
Jacek Cieślak et al.
Current protocols in nucleic acid chemistry, Chapter 4, Unit4-Unit4 (2012-09-08)
The conversion of 3',5'-disilylated 2'-O-(methylthiomethyl)ribonucleosides to 2'-O-(phthalimidooxymethyl)ribonucleosides is achieved in yields of 66% to 94%. Desilylation and dephtalimidation of these ribonucleosides by treatment with NH(4)F in MeOH produce 2'-O-aminooxymethylated ribonucleosides, which are efficient in producing stable and yet reversible 2'-conjugates
Venkata V V R Marada et al.
Pharmacological research, 91, 78-87 (2014-12-08)
The ability of an antineoplastic drug to exert its cytostatic effect depends largely on the balance between its uptake into and extrusion from the cancer cells. ATP driven efflux transporter proteins drive the export of antineoplastic drugs and play a
Ye Rin Choi et al.
Chemical communications (Cambridge, England), 48(83), 10346-10348 (2012-09-18)
A series of synthetic molecules bearing the same hydrogen bonding mode observed in StClC were prepared and their transport ability of chloride ion across a lipid membrane was systematically optimized.
Toshihiro Kimura et al.
Inorganic chemistry, 51(23), 13001-13008 (2012-11-15)
A simple monomeric tungstate, TBA(2)[WO(4)] (I, TBA = tetra-n-butylammonium), could act as an efficient homogeneous catalyst for chemical fixation of CO(2) with 2-aminobenzonitriles to quinazoline-2,4(1H,3H)-diones. Various kinds of structurally diverse 2-aminobenzonitriles could be converted into the corresponding quinazoline-2,4(1H,3H)-diones in high
Rosa M Suárez et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 17(8), 8735-8741 (2012-07-27)
The synthesis of 9,9'-[1,2-ethanediylbis(oxymethylene)]bis-2-amino-1,9-dihydro-6H-purin-6-one, a minor impurity of acyclovir, is described. Starting with commercial N-(9-acetyl-6-oxo-1H-purin-2-yl)acetamide, the process uses an acid catalysed phase transfer catalysis (PTC) process to produce the selective alkylation at the 9 position of the guanine ring.
Jia Bao et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 21(12), 7650-7655 (2014-03-14)
Severe perfluoroalkyl acid (PFAA) contamination resulting from the fast-growing semiconductor, electrochemical, and optoelectronic industries has been determined in the river water in the vicinity of the Taipei area, Taiwan, during recent years. However, little is known about body burdens of
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