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Gianluigi Zaza et al.
Experimental biology and medicine (Maywood, N.J.), 239(1), 52-64 (2013-11-06)
Peritoneal (PD) and hemodialysis (HD) represent the leading renal replacement therapies in advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD). Although absolutely necessary to ensure patient survival, these treatments are responsible for considerable biological alterations primarily due to the un-physiological contact of blood
Maria Kokkinaki et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 33(41), 16346-16359 (2013-10-11)
The retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) is a highly specialized CNS tissue that plays crucial roles in retinal homeostasis. Age-related morphological changes in the RPE have been associated with retinal degenerative disorders; our understanding of the underlying molecular mechanisms, however, remains
Akihiro Imura
Clinical calcium, 23(10), 1476-1482 (2013-10-01)
Recent understandings of phosphate regulation have, at least in part, depended upon the findings of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 23, the hormone specific for phosphate regulation. Moreover, FGF23 would be the most important marker for prognosis in chronic kidney disease
Tomoko Matsubara et al.
American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology, 306(3), H348-H355 (2013-12-11)
The Klotho gene is a suppressor of the aging phenomena, and the secretion as well as the circulation of Klotho proteins decrease with aging. Although habitual exercise has antiaging effects (e.g., a decrease in arterial stiffness), the relationship between Klotho
Vectors with the gus reporter gene for identifying and quantitating promoter regions in <I>Saccharomyces cerevisiae</I>
S.V. Marathe &amp; J.E. McEwen
Gene, 154, 105-107 (1994)
Kenneth K C Bramwell et al.
The Journal of clinical investigation, 124(1), 311-320 (2013-12-18)
Lyme disease, caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi, is the most prevalent arthropod-borne illness in the United States and remains a clinical and social challenge. The spectrum of disease severity among infected patients suggests that host genetics contribute to pathogenic
Zhao-Yang Guo et al.
Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica, 37(24), 3758-3762 (2013-05-01)
To establish an efficient genetic transformation system of Pinellia ternata. With petioles from test-tube seedlings of P. ternata as explants, Agrobacterium tumefaciens mediation method was adopted to explore the effect of phenolic substances, A. tumefaciens's concentration, infection time, pre-incubation time
Tracey B Tucker Zhou et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 288(51), 36302-36311 (2013-11-13)
Klotho (KL) is an age-regulating protein named after the Greek goddess who spins the thread of life. Mice deficient in KL are normal throughout development, but rapidly degenerate and display a variety of aging-associated abnormalities that eventually lead to decreased
Chad D Touchberry et al.
American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism, 304(8), E863-E873 (2013-02-28)
Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a hormone released primarily by osteocytes that regulates phosphate and vitamin D metabolism. Recent observational studies in humans suggest that circulating FGF23 is independently associated with cardiac hypertrophy and increased mortality, but it is
J Combie et al.
Clinical chemistry, 28(1), 83-86 (1982-01-01)
beta-Glucuronidase from Patella vulgata, Helix aspersa, Helix pomatia, and bovine liver were evaluated for usefulness in routine hydrolysis of drug-glucuronic acid conjugates from equine urine samples. Factors affecting the reaction rate (enzyme concentration, ligand concentration, temperature, and pH) were optimized.
Xiaoyan Liu et al.
Zhejiang da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences, 42(1), 67-74 (2013-03-19)
To construct a lentiviral RNA interference system targeting heparanase (HPSE) based on miR30 and to test its silencing effect. Three heparanase-shRNA structures were designed based miR30. The targeting fragments were obtained by PCR, then inserted into the vector LV PP-GFP
J J Lee et al.
Pakistan journal of biological sciences : PJBS, 16(24), 1913-1921 (2014-02-13)
Morinda citrifolia, is a valuable medicinal plant with a wide range of therapeutic properties and extensive transformation study on this plant has yet been known. Present study was conducted to establish a simple and reliable transformation protocol for M. citrifolia
Klotho to treat kidney fibrosis.
Maria D Sanchez-Niño et al.
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN, 24(5), 687-689 (2013-04-20)
Tania E Perez Jimenez et al.
Drug metabolism and disposition: the biological fate of chemicals, 47(1), 15-25 (2018-10-28)
Tramadol is used frequently in the management of mild to moderate pain conditions in dogs. This use is controversial because multiple reports in treated dogs demonstrate very low plasma concentrations of O-desmethyltramadol (M1), the active metabolite. The objective of this
Catalytic mechanisms of enymatic glycosyl transfer
M.L. Sinnott
Chemical Reviews, 90, 1171-1202 (1990)
F W Xie et al.
Neoplasma, 61(1), 99-109 (2013-11-08)
Irinotecan (CPT-11) is considered an important drug in the treatment of colorectal cancer, but its continuous administration reduces its sensitivity and influences the curative effect. The metabolism of CPT-11 is mainly controlled by carboxy-lesterase (CES), UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A (UGT1A), and β-glucuronidase
Luca Narduzzi et al.
Frontiers in molecular biosciences, 8, 683675-683675 (2021-06-29)
Growth Hormone (GH) under its human recombinant homologue (rhGH), may be abused by athletes to take advantage of its well-known anabolic and lipolytic properties; hence it is prohibited in sports by the World Anti-Doping Agency. Due to the rapid turnover
G Cassinelli et al.
Biochemical pharmacology, 85(10), 1424-1432 (2013-03-08)
The activity of heparanase is responsible for heparan sulfate cleavage, thus resulting in the release of heparan sulfate-bound growth factors. Since heparanase activity is upregulated in several tumor types and is implicated in the malignant behavior, the enzyme is regarded
Regina Goetz et al.
Nature reviews. Molecular cell biology, 14(3), 166-180 (2013-02-14)
Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) mediate a broad range of functions in both the developing and adult organism. The accumulated wealth of structural information on the FGF signalling pathway has begun to unveil the underlying molecular mechanisms that modulate this system
Hiroko Matsushita-Oikawa et al.
Glycobiology, 16(10), 891-901 (2006-06-16)
Beta-glucuronidase is a lysosomal enzyme that plays an essential role in normal turnover of glycosaminoglycans and remodeling of the extracellular matrix components in both physiological and inflammatory states. The regulation mechanisms of enzyme activity and protein targeting of beta-glucuronidase have
Alexander Y Guo et al.
Journal of analytical toxicology, 37(9), 636-641 (2013-10-02)
Patients being treated with buprenorphine usually have a history of opioid dependence and may be predisposed to misuse of drugs. Concurrent drug misuse increases the risk of life-threatening drug interactions. This retrospective data analysis observed which nonprescribed and illicit drugs
α-Klotho and kidney function decline: an important step forward in understanding the link between mineral metabolism and kidney disease progression.
Orlando M Gutiérrez et al.
American journal of kidney diseases : the official journal of the National Kidney Foundation, 61(6), 855-857 (2013-05-21)
Camilla A Thompson et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 288(14), 10093-10099 (2013-02-23)
Emerging evidence indicates that exosomes play a key role in tumor-host cross-talk and that exosome secretion, composition, and functional capacity are altered as tumors progress to an aggressive phenotype. However, little is known regarding the mechanisms that regulate these changes.
Yinghui Zhang et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 288(17), 12090-12101 (2013-03-19)
Cell surface heparan sulfate (HS) proteoglycans shape organogenesis and homeostasis by capture and release of morphogens through mechanisms largely thought to exclude the core protein domain. Nevertheless, heparanase deglycanation of the N-terminal HS-rich domain of syndecan-1 (SDC1), but not SDC2
Y A Hong et al.
Transplantation proceedings, 45(8), 2957-2962 (2013-10-26)
Although successful kidney transplantation usually corrects hyperparathyroidism, the condition persists in some patients. The present study was designed to determine whether Klotho or fibroblast growth factor 23, the key regulator of parathyroid hormone, is involved in persistent hyperparathyroidism in kidney
Miribane Dërmaku-Sopjani et al.
Molecular membrane biology, 30(8), 369-385 (2013-10-16)
The Klotho gene was identified as an 'aging suppressor' in mice. Overexpression of the Klotho gene extends lifespan and defective Klotho results in rapid aging and early death. Both the membrane and secreted forms of Klotho have biological activity that
S Jain et al.
Nature structural biology, 3(4), 375-381 (1996-04-01)
The X-ray structure of the homotetrameric lysosomal acid hydrolase, human beta-glucuronidase (332,000 Mr), has been determined at 2.6 A resolution. The tetramer has approximate dihedral symmetry and each promoter consists of three structural domains with topologies similar to a jelly
Fei Song et al.
Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung. C, Journal of biosciences, 67(11-12), 611-619 (2013-02-19)
Genes coding for avenin-like proteins (ALP) represent a new family of wheat storage protein genes. To find a wheat endosperm-specific promoter, a 1644-bp fragment upstream of the ALP type-B gene (GenBank accession number JN622144) was isolated. The important promoter elements
Hyoung Rae Kim et al.
American journal of kidney diseases : the official journal of the National Kidney Foundation, 61(6), 899-909 (2013-04-02)
α-Klotho is reported to have protective effects against kidney injury, and its renal expression is decreased in many experimental models of kidney disease. However, circulating α-klotho levels in human chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the relationship to progression are unknown.
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