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N Cardarelli
Thymus, 15(4), 223-231 (1990-06-01)
Experimental studies over the last decade have suggested an association between thymus immune and homeostatic function and exogenous tin. It has been hypothesized that the thymus gland synthesizes and secretes one or more tin bearing factors that enhance immune defenses
H Seedorf et al.
Journal of oral rehabilitation, 34(1), 34-40 (2007-01-09)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the distractive effect of posterior occlusal pivots on the temporomandibular joint. The study comprised 23 healthy subjects. None of them had a third molar and none of them had a missing tooth
Heinz Rüdel
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 56(1), 180-189 (2003-08-14)
This article reviews the literature related to the bioavailability of tin, inorganic tin compounds, and organotin compounds. On the one hand, the toxicity of metallic tin and inorganic tin compounds is low. In aqueous systems, the potential bioavailability of tin
Britta A Jung et al.
Clinical oral implants research, 22(6), 664-668 (2010-11-04)
To evaluate the necessity of three-dimensional imaging (computed tomography [CT]/cone-beam computed tomography [CBCT]) for paramedian insertion of palatal implants. Lateral radiographs and CBCT scans were performed from 18 human skulls. For lateral cephalometry, the nasal floor (right/left) and the oral
Commonly used methods of analysis for tin in foods.
W Horwitz
Journal - Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 62(6), 1251-1264 (1979-11-01)
B J Healy et al.
Australasian physical & engineering sciences in medicine, 28(1), 8-13 (2005-06-01)
Tin foils of sub-millimetre thickness have been investigated as bolus material for therapeutic electron beams from the Varian Clinac 2100C/D linear accelerator. Measurements with ionisation chamber and radiographic film in Plastic Water or water were performed under tin foil bolus
D RINGLEB et al.
Strahlentherapie, 123, 279-281 (1964-02-01)
Gabriel Santpere et al.
Genome biology and evolution, 7(6), 1490-1505 (2015-05-16)
We set out to investigate potential differences and similarities between the selective forces acting upon the coding and noncoding regions of five different sets of genes defined according to functional and evolutionary criteria: 1) two reference gene sets presenting accelerated
S G Schäfer et al.
Regulatory toxicology and pharmacology : RTP, 4(1), 57-69 (1984-03-01)
A tolerable limit for tin concentration in canned food of 250 ppm (Fritsch et al., 1977) is generally accepted. However, biochemical effects attributable to tin have been observed even after oral administration of 1 and 3 mg Sn/kg body wt
Steve Blunden et al.
Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association, 41(12), 1651-1662 (2003-10-18)
Tinplate is light gauge, steel sheet or strip, coated on both sides with commercially pure tin and has been used for well over a hundred years as a robust form of food packaging. Altogether, about 25,000 million food cans are
Lis Danielsen et al.
Forensic science international, 134(2-3), 134-141 (2003-07-10)
Previously, electrical injuries have been suggested caused only by the concomitant heat developed during the passage of an electrical current. Recent experimental studies on fully anesthetized pigs and the study of one human case have, however, shown typical electrical alterations.
Fang-Chun Liu et al.
Journal of prosthodontics : official journal of the American College of Prosthodontists, 19(6), 502-506 (2010-06-29)
Interocclusal discrepancies can be eliminated by a clinical remount procedure, but most practitioners avoid it because of the time involved. This article introduces a new timesaving method, the modified split-cast technique. It uses a semi-adjustable articulator, tin foil as plaster
Are nickel, vanadium, silicon, fluorine, and tin essential for man? A review.
F H Nielsen et al.
The American journal of clinical nutrition, 27(5), 515-520 (1974-05-01)
P Willey et al.
Journal of the history of dentistry, 44(1), 3-14 (1996-03-01)
To document the oral health of mid-nineteenth century frontiersmen, the dentitions of eight Seventh Cavalry troopers from the Little Bighorn Battlefield were examined for indications of disease. These observations are supplemented with historic records and compared with the oral health
M R Krigman et al.
Neurotoxicology, 5(2), 129-139 (1984-01-01)
The toxicology of tin is almost entirely the toxicology of the organic compounds of tin, for the metal itself and its inorganic compounds appear to be nearly harmless for practical purposes. Furthermore, the neurotoxicity of organotin is essentially that of
Mercury contamination removed with tin foil.
R Grajower et al.
Operative dentistry, 9(3), 101-104 (1984-01-01)
S Fadavi et al.
Pediatric dentistry, 18(1), 52-56 (1996-01-01)
This study assessed the pulp healing response to human freeze-dried bone (FDB) in two cynomolgus monkeys using 36 noncarious primary teeth pulpotomized and randomly assigned to three medicaments. FDB was applied on the pulp stumps and covered with sterile tin
Mutagens and potential mutagens in the biosphere. II. Metals--mercury, lead, cadmium and tin.
L Fishbein
The Science of the total environment, 2(4), 341-371 (1974-07-01)
Advances in tin compound analysis with special reference to organotin pesticide residues.
J Kumpulainen et al.
Residue reviews, 66, 1-18 (1977-01-01)
FAILURE of artificial dentures processed against tin foil substitutes.
BuMed news letter, 10(2), 23-23 (1947-07-18)
General aspects of tin-free antifouling paints.
Iwao Omae
Chemical reviews, 103(9), 3431-3448 (2003-09-11)
Kelly Peeters et al.
Chemosphere, 107, 386-392 (2014-01-30)
Organotin compounds (OTCs) are among the most toxic substances ever introduced to the environment by man. They are common pollutants in marine ecosystems, but are also present in the terrestrial environment, accumulated mainly in sewage sludge and landfill leachates. In
Sapna Bhaskaran et al.
Indian journal of dental research : official publication of Indian Society for Dental Research, 23(4), 556-556 (2012-12-22)
The problem of acrylic resin denture teeth separating from their denture base remains a major problem in prosthodontic practice and is frustrating to the patients as well as the dentists. This study investigated the influence of tin foil substitute contamination
[Current status of research on tin, an essential trace element].
Z W Ji et al.
Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese journal of preventive medicine], 22(6), 352-354 (1988-11-01)
P Mushak
Neurotoxicology, 5(2), 163-176 (1984-01-01)
Methods for both total and form-variable tin analysis in biological media are reviewed. While total tin analysis was common in the past, and in some cases still is, better understanding of the toxicology and toxicokinetics of organotins in biological systems
The newer essential trace elements, chromium, tin, nickel, vanadium and silicon.
W Mertz
The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 33(3), 307-313 (1974-12-01)
K A Winship
Adverse drug reactions and acute poisoning reviews, 7(1), 19-38 (1988-01-01)
Inorganic tin salts are poorly absorbed and rapidly excreted in the faeces; as a result they have a low toxicity. Only about 5 per cent is absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, widely distributed in the body, then excreted by the
P Lockowandt et al.
Zahn-, Mund-, und Kieferheilkunde mit Zentralblatt, 77(7), 686-691 (1989-01-01)
Selected material properties of hot and cold polymerized denture basic materials (polymethylmethacrylate) were investigated after different methods of isolation: alginate, tin foil and silicone. Both tin foil and silicone isolation the handling of which is much easier result in a
[Tin in the environment].
Iu P Popov et al.
Gigiena i sanitariia, (9)(9), 55-57 (1983-09-01)
Jianan Liu et al.
Animal reproduction science, 134(3-4), 197-202 (2012-08-28)
Cryopreservation of ovarian tissue has been the only effective way of ex situ conservation of female germplasm in avian species. A novel needle-in-straw (NIS) vitrification method was developed to store tissue in straws instead of cryovials. Fragments of ovarian tissue
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