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Ashutosh et al.
Journal of medical microbiology, 56(Pt 2), 143-153 (2007-01-25)
Leishmaniasis causes significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. The disease is endemic in developing countries of tropical regions, and in recent years economic globalization and increased travel have extended its reach to people in developed countries. In the absence of effective...
T Gebel
Chemico-biological interactions, 107(3), 131-144 (1998-02-04)
A chemico-toxicological similarity between arsenic and antimony exists and their toxicology is often seen. Indeed, both elements possess several common properties, e.g. they are clastogenic but not mutagenic in the trivalent state and they have a carcinogenic potential: trivalent arsenicals...
William Shotyk et al.
Metal ions in biological systems, 44, 171-203 (2005-06-24)
Antimony is a potentially toxic trace element with no known biological function. Antimony is commonly enriched in coals, and fossil fuel combustion appears to be the largest single source of anthropogenic Sb to the global atmosphere. Abundant in sulfide minerals...
P Kaur et al.
Plasmid, 27(1), 29-40 (1992-01-01)
Resistance determinants to the toxic oxyanionic salts of arsenic and antimony are found on plasmids of both gram-negative and gram-positive organisms. In most cases these provide resistance to both the oxyanions of +III oxidation state, antimonite and arsenite, and the...
Eric Allcorn et al.
Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP, 17(43), 28837-28843 (2015-10-10)
The diffusion coefficient of lithium is an important parameter in determining the rate capability of an electrode and its ability to deliver high power output. Galvanostatic intermittent titration technique (GITT) is a quick electrochemical method to determine diffusion coefficients in...
Ronald Bentley et al.
Microbiology and molecular biology reviews : MMBR, 66(2), 250-271 (2002-06-01)
A significant 19th century public health problem was that the inhabitants of many houses containing wallpaper decorated with green arsenical pigments experienced illness and death. The problem was caused by certain fungi that grew in the presence of inorganic arsenic...
Yong Chen et al.
Chemosphere, 113, 48-55 (2014-07-30)
The interlayer of Sb-doped SnO2 (SnO2-Sb) and TiO2 nanotubes (TiO2-NTs) on Ti has been introduced into the PbO2 electrode system with the aim to reveal the mechanism of enhanced electrochemical performance of TiO2-NTs/SnO2-Sb/PbO2 electrode. In contrast with the traditional Ti/SnO2-Sb/PbO2...
F Welle et al.
Food additives & contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, analysis, control, exposure & risk assessment, 28(1), 115-126 (2010-12-25)
Plastics bottles made from polyethylene terephthalate (PET) are increasingly used for soft drinks, mineral water, juices and beer. In this study a literature review is presented concerning antimony levels found both in PET materials as well as in foods and...
M J Nash et al.
Journal of environmental monitoring : JEM, 2(2), 97-109 (2001-03-17)
Methodologies for the environmental analysis of total antimony and aqueous chemical speciation are critically reviewed, including preparation techniques for aqueous and solid matrices and the determination of solid state partitioning and recommendations are given for future research directions. Concentrations of...
Nurit Atar et al.
ACS applied materials & interfaces, 6(22), 20400-20407 (2014-11-05)
Chemical vapor deposition (CVD)-grown entangled carbon nanotube (CNT) sheets are characterized by high electrical conductivity and durability to bending and folding. However, since freestanding CNT sheets are mechanically weak, they cannot be used as stand-alone flexible films. In this work...
[Agents for the treatment of leishmaniasis. Antimony, and more].
Jasmin Ryczak et al.
Pharmazie in unserer Zeit, 38(6), 538-544 (2009-10-29)
Pankaj Sharma et al.
Acta pharmacologica Sinica, 29(8), 881-890 (2008-07-31)
Antimony, a natural element that has been used as a drug for over more than 100 years, has remarkable therapeutic efficacy in patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia. This review focuses on recent advances in developing antimony anticancer agents with an...
Y Xue et al.
Journal of dental research, 94(5), 674-681 (2015-03-04)
Cathepsin K (CTSK) is an important protease responsible for degrading type I collagen, osteopontin, and other bone matrix proteins. The mutations in the CTSK gene can cause pycnodysostosis (OMIM 265800), a rare autosomal recessive bone dysplasia. Patients with pycnodysostosis have...
Stephanie R Gerla et al.
Journal of water and health, 13(3), 819-826 (2015-09-01)
Water storage is one of the most important components of emergency preparedness. Potable water is needed for ensuring the survival and well-being of disaster victims. Consumers may store water in previously used beverage or other food-grade containers for emergency use;...
Martin Wiener et al.
Journal of plastic, reconstructive & aesthetic surgery : JPRAS, 67(8), 1038-1044 (2014-06-15)
Recommended selective neck dissections for primary cutaneous tumours on the head and neck are based largely on clinical recurrence data acquired prior to the era of lymphatic mapping and sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy. This study aimed to examine lymphatic...
Patricia Smichowski
Talanta, 75(1), 2-14 (2008-03-29)
This review summarizes and discusses the research carried out on the determination of antimony and its predominant chemical species in atmospheric aerosols. Environmental matrices such as airborne particulate matter, fly ash and volcanic ash present a number of complex analytical...
A Léonard et al.
Mutation research, 366(1), 1-8 (1996-10-01)
The paper reviews the information available concerning the mutagenic, teratogenic and carcinogenic effects of antimony. A claim that antimony compounds could have mutagenic properties is based on insufficient and not particularly relevant data. Additional experiments, particularly with organic antimony compounds...
Shyam Sundar et al.
International journal of environmental research and public health, 7(12), 4267-4277 (2011-02-15)
Antimony toxicity occurs either due to occupational exposure or during therapy. Occupational exposure may cause respiratory irritation, pneumoconiosis, antimony spots on the skin and gastrointestinal symptoms. In addition antimony trioxide is possibly carcinogenic to humans. Improvements in working conditions have...
Rita Mukhopadhyay et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1840(5), 1583-1591 (2013-12-03)
Aquaporins (AQPs), members of a superfamily of transmembrane channel proteins, are ubiquitous in all domains of life. They fall into a number of branches that can be functionally categorized into two major sub-groups: i) orthodox aquaporins, which are water-specific channels...
Martin J J Ronis et al.
Experimental biology and medicine (Maywood, N.J.), 240(1), 58-66 (2014-09-03)
Differences in trace element composition and bioavailability between breast milk and infant formulas may affect metal homeostasis in neonates. However, there is a paucity of controlled studies in this area. Here, piglets were fed soy infant formula (soy), cow's milk...
Marlies De Boeck et al.
Mutation research, 533(1-2), 135-152 (2003-12-04)
The purpose of this review is to summarise the data concerning genotoxicity and carcinogenicity of Co and Sb. Both metals have multiple industrial and/or therapeutical applications, depending on the considered species. Cobalt is used for the production of alloys and...
Angela Ivask et al.
Current topics in medicinal chemistry, 15(18), 1914-1929 (2015-05-12)
The knowledge on potential harmful effects of metallic nanomaterials lags behind their increased use in consumer products and therefore, the safety data on various nanomaterials applicable for risk assessment are urgently needed. In this study, 11 metal oxide nanoparticles (MeOx...
Susan C Wilson et al.
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 158(5), 1169-1181 (2009-11-17)
This article provides a critical review of the environmental chemistry of inorganic antimony (Sb) in soils, comparing and contrasting findings with those of arsenic (As). Characteristics of the Sb soil system are reviewed, with an emphasis on speciation, sorption and...
Montserrat Filella
Metal ions in life sciences, 7, 267-301 (2010-09-30)
The presence of methylated antimony species has been reported in surface waters, sediments, soils, and biota, mainly detected using hydride generation techniques. Compared to other elements, relatively few studies have been published. Monomethyl-, dimethyl-, and trimethylantimony species have been found...
Miguel Guzman-Rivero et al.
Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie, 69, 56-62 (2015-02-11)
Cutaneous leishmaniasis triggers a varied immune response depending on parasite and host factors, which in turn can be influenced by nutrients. The resistance to the infection is associated with the Th1 type of cytokine production. The Th1 type can be...
Maya Berg et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 59(4), 2242-2255 (2015-02-04)
Together with vector control, chemotherapy is an essential tool for the control of visceral leishmaniasis (VL), but its efficacy is jeopardized by growing resistance and treatment failure against first-line drugs. To delay the emergence of resistance, the use of drug...
Mengchang He et al.
The Science of the total environment, 421-422, 41-50 (2011-07-12)
Antimony (Sb) is ubiquitous throughout the environment as a result of natural processes and human activities. In China, superlarge-, large and medium-sized Sb deposits are concentrated in the Guangxi (34.4%), Hunan (21.2%), Yunnan (12.2%) and Guizhou (10.2%) provinces. Due to...
Rajmund Michalski et al.
TheScientificWorldJournal, 2012, 902464-902464 (2012-06-02)
Due to the fact that metals and metalloids have a strong impact on the environment, the methods of their determination and speciation have received special attention in recent years. Arsenic, antimony, and thallium are important examples of such toxic elements....
Antimony trioxide and antimony trisulfide.
IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans, 47, 291-305 (1989-01-01)
Ricardo Khouri et al.
The Journal of infectious diseases, 210(2), 306-310 (2014-02-11)
We show that increased plasma superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) levels are statistically significant predictors of the failure of pentavalent antimony treatment for cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania braziliensis. In Leishmania amazonensis-infected patients, host SOD1 levels can be used to discriminate...