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Sonia Lefnaoui et al.
Saudi pharmaceutical journal : SPJ : the official publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society, 23(6), 698-711 (2015-12-25)
A pregelatinized starch (PGS) was derivatized with sodium chloroacetate (SCA) in alcoholic medium under alkaline condition to produce carboxymethyl pregelatinized starch (CMPGS) with various degrees of substitution (DS). Influence of the molar ratio of SCA to the glucopyranose units (SCA/GU)
Ruben Magni et al.
Journal of translational medicine, 13, 346-346 (2015-11-06)
Prompt antibiotic treatment of early stage Lyme borreliosis (LB) prevents progression to severe multisystem disease. There is a clinical need to improve the diagnostic specificity of early stage Lyme assays in the period prior to the mounting of a robust
Vittoria Locato et al.
Journal of experimental botany, 66(10), 2991-3000 (2015-04-22)
Ophiobolin A, a tetracyclic sesterpenoid produced by phytopathogenic fungi, is responsible for catastrophic losses in crop yield but its mechanism of action is not understood. The effects of ophiobolin A were therefore investigated on the growth and redox metabolism of
Giulia Zanetti et al.
Bio-protocol, 8(5), e2759-e2759 (2018-03-05)
The neuromuscular junction (NMJ) is the specialized synapse by which peripheral motor neurons innervate muscle fibers and control skeletal muscle contraction. The NMJ is the target of several xenobiotics, including chemicals, plant, animal and bacterial toxins, as well as of
Vito Colella et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 13105-13105 (2015-08-15)
Snail-borne lungworms exert an enormous toll on the health and welfare of animals and humans. Of these parasites, Aelurostrongylus abstrusus and Troglostrongylus brevior affect the respiratory tract of felids. These lungworms share both the ecological niche and the species of
Dafne Franz et al.
Journal of neuroimmunology, 284, 18-29 (2015-05-31)
Dopamine receptors have been described in T-cells, however their signalling pathways coupled remain unknown. Since cAMP and ERKs play key roles regulating T-cell physiology, we aim to determine whether cAMP and ERK1/2-phosphorylation are modulated by dopamine receptor 3 (D3R) and
Muhammad Waqas Sadiq et al.
PloS one, 10(5), e0118638-e0118638 (2015-05-02)
It is essential to establish a useful validation method for newly generated humanized mouse models. The novel approach of combining our established species-specific protein quantification method combined with in vivo functional studies is evaluated to validate a humanized mouse model
Yann S Gallot et al.
Cancer research, 74(24), 7344-7356 (2014-10-23)
Cachexia is a muscle-wasting syndrome that contributes significantly to morbidity and mortality of many patients with advanced cancers. However, little is understood about how the severe loss of skeletal muscle characterizing this condition occurs. In the current study, we tested
Uwe Lendeckel et al.
Molecular medicine reports, 12(2), 2253-2262 (2015-04-22)
A disintegrin and metalloproteinase domain-containing protein 12 (ADAM12) belongs to the ADAM family of transmembrane proteins. Via proteolysis, cell adhesion, cell-cell fusion, cell-matrix interaction and membrane protein shedding, ADAM proteins are involved in normal brain development, and also in cancer
Arslan Arinc Kayacelebi et al.
Amino acids, 47(9), 1893-1908 (2015-06-03)
Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis, whereas L-arginine (Arg) and L-homoarginine (hArg) serve as substrates for NO synthesis. ADMA and other methylated arginines are generally believed to exclusively derive from guanidine (N (G))-methylated arginine
Philipp Kolb et al.
PloS one, 10(9), e0136180-e0136180 (2015-09-10)
Ticks are vectors for various, including pathogenic, microbes. Tick saliva contains multiple anti-host defense factors that enable ticks their bloodmeals yet also facilitate microbe transmission. Lyme disease-causing borreliae profit specifically from the broadly conserved tick histamine release factor (tHRF), and
Jonathan G Crowston et al.
Experimental eye research, 141, 3-8 (2015-03-11)
We describe a model of acute intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation in the mouse eye that induces reversible loss of inner retinal function associated with oxidative stress, glial cell activation and minimal loss of retinal ganglion cell (RGC) number. Young healthy
Rogerio Leone Buchaim et al.
Injury, 46(4), 655-660 (2015-02-12)
The purpose of this study was to assess whether the adhesive permits the collateral repair of axons originating from a vagus nerve to the interior of a sural nerve graft, and whether low-level laser therapy (LLLT) assists in the regeneration
Xiao Liang et al.
Nature communications, 6, 5682-5682 (2015-01-07)
The lithium-sulfur battery is receiving intense interest because its theoretical energy density exceeds that of lithium-ion batteries at much lower cost, but practical applications are still hindered by capacity decay caused by the polysulfide shuttle. Here we report a strategy
Tatsuya Higashi et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 117, 155-162 (2015-09-12)
The analysis of changes in the brain neurosteroid (NS) levels due to various stimuli can contribute to the elucidation of their physiological roles, and the discovery and development of new antipsychotic agents targeting neurosteroidogenesis. We developed methods for the differential
Praveena S Thiagarajan et al.
Stem cells (Dayton, Ohio), 33(7), 2114-2125 (2015-04-02)
Advanced cancers display cellular heterogeneity driven by self-renewing, tumorigenic cancer stem cells (CSCs). The use of cell lines to model CSCs is challenging due to the difficulty of identifying and isolating cell populations that possess differences in self-renewal and tumor
Rajarethinam Solaiselvi et al.
Organic letters, 15(6), 1186-1189 (2013-03-07)
A facile method utilizing RCOX/K2CO3 as a novel reagent for conjugate addition of hydrogen halide, in addition to tertiary (3°)-hydroxyl protection that leads to the synthesis of functionalized β-halo Morita-Baylis-Hillman ester appended oxindoles, has been developed. The diastereoselective one-pot O-acylation-hydrohalogenation
Marcela Valdés-Tovar et al.
Chronobiology international, 32(2), 164-177 (2014-09-24)
The light-dark cycle is an environmental factor that influences immune physiology, and so, variations of the photoperiod length result in altered immune responsivity. Macrophage physiology comprises a spectrum of functions that goes from host defense to immune down-regulation, in addition
Ju Hee Lee et al.
Archives of pharmacal research, 38(7), 1304-1311 (2015-03-07)
The aerial parts of Houttuynia cordata used for treating inflammation-related disorders contain flavonoids as major constituents. Since certain flavonoids possess anti-inflammatory activity, especially in the lung, the pharmacological activities of H. cordata and the flavonoid constituents were evaluated using in
Masaru Kurosawa et al.
Human molecular genetics, 24(4), 1092-1105 (2014-10-12)
Huntington's disease (HD) is a dominantly inherited genetic disease caused by mutant huntingtin (htt) protein with expanded polyglutamine (polyQ) tracts. A neuropathological hallmark of HD is the presence of neuronal inclusions of mutant htt. p62 is an important regulatory protein
Yuwadee Ackarabanpojoue et al.
Journal of food science, 80(5), E998-1004 (2015-04-02)
This study aimed at investigating the effect of nitrate removal from pineapple juice by electrodialysis (ED) on selected properties of the ED-treated juice. Single-strength pineapple juice with reduced pulp content was treated by ED to reduce the nitrate concentration to
Ludmila Müllerová et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1384, 147-154 (2015-02-11)
Interactions among analyte forms that undergo simultaneous dissociation/protonation and complexation with multiple selectors take the shape of a highly interconnected multi-equilibrium scheme. This makes it difficult to express the effective mobility of the analyte in these systems, which are often
Alessandro Boianelli et al.
PloS one, 10(8), e0135787-e0135787 (2015-08-25)
The study of the initial phase of the adaptive immune response after first antigen encounter provides essential information on the magnitude and quality of the immune response. This phase is characterized by proliferation and dissemination of T cells in the
Kyung Min Jeong et al.
Archives of pharmacal research, 38(12), 2143-2152 (2015-11-05)
Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) were investigated as tunable, environmentally benign, yet superior extraction media to enhance the extraction of anthocyanins from grape skin, which is usually discarded as waste. Ten DESs containing choline chloride as hydrogen bond acceptor combined with
Dorit Rennspiess et al.
Journal of thoracic oncology : official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer, 10(2), 360-366 (2014-12-20)
Although the molecular genetics possibly underlying the pathogenesis of human thymoma have been extensively studied, its etiology remains poorly understood. Because murine polyomavirus consistently induces thymomas in mice, we assessed the presence of the novel human polyomavirus 7 (HPyV7) in
Érika Cosset et al.
Biomaterials, 53, 296-308 (2015-04-22)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is the most common cause of congenital infection of the central nervous system (CNS). To overcome the limited access to human neural tissue and stringent species specificity of HCMV, we used engineered neural tissues to: (i) provide
Georg Wultsch et al.
Mutagenesis, 30(5), 701-709 (2015-05-11)
Wood dust was classified by the IARC as a human carcinogen which causes sinonasal tumours. However, the exposure in different industries varies strongly and the risks of workers depend on the specific situation which can be assessed by the use
Seshadri Reddy Ankireddy et al.
International journal of nanomedicine, 10 Spec Iss, 113-119 (2015-09-09)
Dopamine is a neurotransmitter of the catecholamine family and has many important roles, especially in human brain. Several diseases of the nervous system, such as Parkinson's disease, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, restless legs syndrome, are believed to be related to
Shan Lu et al.
Molecular pharmaceutics, 12(2), 621-629 (2015-01-16)
In this study, we formulated polyplexes with different compositions for codelivery of DNA and small-interfering RNA (siRNA). Since DNA and siRNA have distinctive and complementary morphological characteristics (DNA is long and winding and siRNA is short and rigid), we hypothesized
Kibaek Choe et al.
The Journal of clinical investigation, 125(11), 4042-4052 (2015-10-06)
Lacteals are lymphatic vessels located at the center of each intestinal villus and provide essential transport routes for lipids and other lipophilic molecules. However, it is unclear how absorbed molecules are transported through the lacteal. Here, we used reporter mice
页码 1 来自 96
页码 1 来自 96