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Yung-Hsin Cheng et al.
Experimental eye research, 179, 179-187 (2018-11-25)
Elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) in glaucoma is due to impairment of aqueous humor drainage via the uveoscleral or trabecular outflow pathway. Latanoprost reduces IOP by increasing the uveoscleral outflow. Despite its potency, long-term daily application of it may cause undesirable
F Buchholz et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 54(1), 312-319 (2009-10-14)
Chip calorimetry is introduced as a new monitoring tool that provides real-time information about the physiological state of biofilms. Its potential for use for the study of the effects of antibiotics and other biocides was tested. Established Pseudomonas putida biofilms
Jeng-Wei Lu et al.
Biomedicines, 9(8) (2021-08-28)
Intestinal carcinogenesis is a multistep process that begins with epithelial hyperplasia, followed by a transition to an adenoma and then to a carcinoma. Many etiological factors, including KRAS mutations and inflammation, have been implicated in oncogenesis. However, the potential synergistic
Jonathan C J Wei et al.
Scientific reports, 7(1), 15885-15885 (2017-11-23)
Emerging micro-scale medical devices are showing promise, whether in delivering drugs or extracting diagnostic biomarkers from skin. In progressing these devices through animal models towards clinical products, understanding the mechanical properties and skin tissue structure with which they interact will
Radoslaw Szmyd et al.
Oncogene, 38(7), 998-1018 (2018-09-08)
Cell cycle regulation, especially faithful DNA replication and mitosis, are crucial to maintain genome stability. Cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK)/cyclin complexes drive most processes in cellular proliferation. In response to DNA damage, cell cycle surveillance mechanisms enable normal cells to arrest and
Iva Trenevska et al.
PloS one, 16(4), e0249967-e0249967 (2021-04-10)
T-cell receptor mimic (TCRm) antibodies have expanded the repertoire of antigens targetable by monoclonal antibodies, to include peptides derived from intracellular proteins that are presented by major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC-I) molecules on the cell surface. We have previously
Stephanie J Alexopoulos et al.
Nature communications, 11(1), 2397-2397 (2020-05-16)
Obesity is a health problem affecting more than 40% of US adults and 13% of the global population. Anti-obesity treatments including diet, exercise, surgery and pharmacotherapies have so far failed to reverse obesity incidence. Herein, we target obesity with a
Carlos Gomez-Diaz et al.
iScience, 24(11), 103241-103241 (2021-11-11)
The Linear Ubiquitin Chain Assembly Complex (LUBAC), composed of HOIP, HOIL-1L, and SHARPIN, promotes tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-dependent NF-κB signaling in diverse cell types. HOIL-1L contains an Npl4 Zinc Finger (NZF) domain that specifically recognizes linear ubiquitin chains, but its
Lian Tian et al.
Frontiers in physiology, 9, 828-828 (2018-07-26)
Introduction: Right ventricular (RV) fibrosis contributes to RV failure in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). The mechanisms underlying RV fibrosis in PAH and the role of RV fibroblasts (RVfib) are unknown. Activation of the mitochondrial fission mediator dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1)
Kaylee E Hahn et al.
Frontiers in nutrition, 7, 592364-592364 (2020-11-17)
Background: Human milk contains both arachidonic acid (ARA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Supplementation of infant formula with ARA and DHA results in fatty acid (FA) profiles, neurodevelopmental outcomes, and immune responses in formula-fed infants that are more like those observed
K Elaine Ritter et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 22(13) (2021-07-03)
The autonomic nervous system derives from the neural crest (NC) and supplies motor innervation to the smooth muscle of visceral organs, including the lower urinary tract (LUT). During fetal development, sacral NC cells colonize the urogenital sinus to form pelvic
Kaylee Hahn et al.
Nutrients, 13(5) (2021-05-01)
Arachidonic acid (ARA; 20:4n6) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6n3) are polyunsaturated fatty acids (FA) naturally present in breast milk and added to most North American infant formulas (IF). We investigated the safety and efficacy of novel sodium and potassium salts
Nathan Ungerleider et al.
PLoS pathogens, 14(8), e1007206-e1007206 (2018-08-07)
Our appreciation for the extent of Epstein Barr virus (EBV) transcriptome complexity continues to grow through findings of EBV encoded microRNAs, new long non-coding RNAs as well as the more recent discovery of over a hundred new polyadenylated lytic transcripts.
David Acton et al.
Cell reports, 28(3), 625-639 (2019-07-18)
Acute itch can be generated by either chemical or mechanical stimuli, which activate separate pathways in the periphery and spinal cord. While substantial progress has been made in mapping the transmission pathway for chemical itch, the central pathway for mechanical
Sasha Hoshian et al.
Scientific reports, 7(1), 16019-16019 (2017-11-24)
A top-down scalable method to produce flexible water and blood repellent tubes is introduced. The method is based on replication of overhanging nanostructures from an aluminum tube template to polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) via atomic layer deposition (ALD) assisted sacrificial etching. The
Evelyn S Hanemaaijer et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 118(5) (2021-01-28)
Neuroblastoma is the most common extracranial solid tumor and accounts for ∼10% of pediatric cancer-related deaths. The exact cell of origin has yet to be elucidated, but it is generally accepted that neuroblastoma derives from the neural crest and should
Jae Myoung Suh et al.
Nature, 513(7518), 436-439 (2014-07-22)
Fibroblast growth factor 1 (FGF1) is an autocrine/paracrine regulator whose binding to heparan sulphate proteoglycans effectively precludes its circulation. Although FGF1 is known as a mitogenic factor, FGF1 knockout mice develop insulin resistance when stressed by a high-fat diet, suggesting a
Targeting Activated Platelets: A Unique and Potentially Universal Approach for Cancer Imaging.
May Lin Yap et al.
Theranostics, 7(10), 2565-2574 (2017-08-19)
A S Byrd et al.
Scientific reports, 9(1), 12207-12207 (2019-08-23)
Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory disorder characterized by painful nodules, sinus tracts, and scars occurring predominantly in intertriginous regions. The prevalence of HS is currently 0.053-4%, with a predominance in African-American women and has been linked to low
Nathan D Jackson et al.
Cell reports, 32(1), 107872-107872 (2020-07-09)
The type 2 cytokine-high asthma endotype (T2H) is characterized by IL-13-driven mucus obstruction of the airways. To further investigate this incompletely understood pathobiology, we characterize IL-13 effects on human airway epithelial cell cultures using single-cell RNA sequencing, finding that IL-13
Effects of the marine microalgae Isochrysis galbana and Nannochloropsis oculata in diabetic rats
Nu?o K, et al.
Journal of functional foods, 5(1) (2013)
Xavier Bisteau et al.
Oncogene, 39(44), 6816-6840 (2020-09-27)
Progression through mitosis is balanced by the timely regulation of phosphorylation and dephosphorylation events ensuring the correct segregation of chromosomes before cytokinesis. This balance is regulated by the opposing actions of CDK1 and PP2A, as well as the Greatwall kinase/MASTL.
Cuicui Ji et al.
Autophagy, 16(4), 615-625 (2019-06-27)
Macroautophagy/autophagy functions as a quality control mechanism by degrading misfolded proteins and damaged organelles and plays an essential role in maintaining neural homeostasis. The phosphoinositide phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate (PtdIns3P) effector Atg18 is essential for autophagosome formation in yeast. Mammalian cells contain four
Marion Poirier et al.
ChemMedChem, 14(2), 224-236 (2018-12-07)
By screening a focused library of kinase inhibitor analogues in a phenotypic co-culture assay for angiogenesis inhibition, we identified an aminotriazine that acts as a cytostatic nanomolar inhibitor. However, this aminotriazine was found to be completely inactive in a whole-kinome
Toward deciphering proteomes of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues
Magdeldin, et al.
Proteomics, 12(7), 1045-1058 (2012)
Woogyun Choi et al.
Bio-protocol, 4(5) (2014-01-01)
This protocol aims to introduce methods for immunostaining two endogenous proteins insulin and glucagon and one exogenous transgene driven EGFP in mouse pancreatic islet. The immunostaining results of insulin and glucagon indirectly tell functionality of pancreatic beta cells and alpha
Juhyun Park et al.
Asian journal of andrology, 20(4), 372-378 (2018-03-09)
We evaluated whether LIM-kinase 2 inhibitor (LIMK2i) could improve erectile function by suppressing corporal fibrosis through the normalization of the Rho-associated coiled-coil protein kinase 1 (ROCK1)/LIMK2/Cofilin pathway in a rat model of cavernous nerve crush injury (CNCI). Sixty 11-week-old male
Julien Dufort-Gervais et al.
Scientific reports, 10(1), 6956-6956 (2020-04-26)
Synapse loss occurs early and correlates with cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Synaptotoxicity is driven, at least in part, by amyloid-beta oligomers (Aβo), but the exact synaptic components targeted by Aβo remain to be identified. We here tested the
Sundhar Mohandas et al.
Life sciences, 257, 118111-118111 (2020-07-20)
Bacterial translocation (BT) is strongly associated with disease progression and poor outcome in cirrhotic patients. The role of Pregnane X receptor (PXR) in regulating bacterial translocation in cirrhosis is unknown. We previously showed that Ginkgolide-A (GA), a natural PXR ligand
Jonatan Darr et al.
Cell reports, 30(9), 3183-3194 (2020-03-05)
Biofluids contain various circulating cell-free RNAs (ccfRNAs). The composition of these ccfRNAs varies among biofluids. They constitute tantalizing biomarker candidates for several pathologies and have been demonstrated to be mediators of cellular communication. Little is known about their function in physiological
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