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Ya-Yuan Tang et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 24(6) (2019-03-29)
The longan industry produces a large amount of byproducts such as pericarp and seed, resulting in environmental pollution and resource wastage. The present study was performed to systematically evaluate functional components, i.e., polyphenols (phenolics and flavonoids) and alkaloids, in longan...
Joe Nassour et al.
Nature, 565(7741), 659-663 (2019-01-25)
Replicative crisis is a senescence-independent process that acts as a final barrier against oncogenic transformation by eliminating pre-cancerous cells with disrupted cell cycle checkpoints1. It functions as a potent tumour suppressor and culminates in extensive cell death. Cells rarely evade...
Noor Akmal Syed Husain Sharifah et al.
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.), 952, 187-196 (2012-10-27)
Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is increasingly gaining importance in clinical diagnostics settings. Due to the ability of the technique to detect chromosomal abnormalities in samples with low cellularity or containing a mixed population of cells even at a single-cell...
Z Huang et al.
Journal of animal science, 95(12), 5474-5484 (2018-01-03)
In vitro DM disappearance (IVDMD) and gas production methods have been developed and used to measure in vivo nutrient digestibility of feed ingredients, but further validation is needed for ingredients containing high concentrations of insoluble fiber such as corn distiller's...
Lingling Liu et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 210, 399-411 (2019-02-09)
Three types of nanocellulose (NC), namely cellulose nano-fibrils (CNF), TEMPO-oxidized CNF and cellulose nanocrystals (CNC), were studied in terms of their effects on in vitro digestion of whey protein isolate (WPI). The behavior of NC itself during digestion was monitored...
Valeria R Villella et al.
The EMBO journal, 38(2) (2018-12-01)
Intestinal handling of dietary proteins usually prevents local inflammatory and immune responses and promotes oral tolerance. However, in ~ 1% of the world population, gluten proteins from wheat and related cereals trigger an HLA DQ2/8-restricted TH1 immune and antibody response leading...
Gastric proteinases--structure, function, evolution and mechanism of action.
B Foltmann
Essays in biochemistry, 17, 52-84 (1981-01-01)
Yu Hu et al.
Food & function, 10(12), 8106-8115 (2019-11-21)
The formation of lactoglobulin (β-lg) fibrils from its native globular form has been investigated hitherto with pure lactoglobulin conditions. For commercially feasible production of β-lg fibrils for food and therapeutic applications, the effect of impurities (albeit at very small fractions)...
Susana Ferreyra et al.
Food chemistry, 348, 129063-129063 (2021-01-26)
Grapevine woody by-products contain bioactive substances, mainly phenolic compounds (PCs), whose beneficial health effects initially depends on their levels of intake and bioavailability. Therefore, in-vitro simulated gastrointestinal digestion (GID; oral, gastric and intestinal phases) was performed to evaluate the bioaccessibility...
Joseph S Fruton
The Quarterly review of biology, 77(2), 127-147 (2002-07-02)
Studies on gastric digestion during 1820-1840 led to the discovery of pepsin as the agent which, in the presence of stomach acid, causes the dissolution of nutrients such as meat or coagulated egg white. Soon afterward it was shown that...
Sophia P Pilipchuk et al.
Journal of biomedical materials research. Part A, 101(10), 2883-2895 (2013-03-19)
Natural hydrogels have been investigated for three-dimensional tissue reconstruction and regeneration given their ability to emulate the structural complexity of multi-component extracellular matrices (ECM). Hydrogels rich in ECM can be extracted and assembled from soft tissues, retain a composition specific...
Marilyn Schallom et al.
American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses, 22(5), 408-411 (2013-09-03)
Because reflux of gastric juice into the oropharynx must precede its aspiration into the lungs, it is reasonable to hypothesize that the detection of pepsin (the major gastric enzyme in gastric juice) in oral secretions may provide a relatively noninvasive...
Dragana Stanic-Vucinic et al.
Molecular nutrition & food research, 56(12), 1894-1905 (2012-10-16)
The aim of this work was to investigate the effects of high-intensity ultrasound (sonication), on the structure and allergenicity of the major cow's milk allergen, beta-lactoglobulin (BLG). Structural changes upon sonication of BLG were monitored by circular dichroism spectroscopy, tryptophan...
Caihong Wang et al.
Food chemistry, 197(Pt A), 474-481 (2015-12-01)
Acidophilic β-mannanases have been attracting much attention due to their excellent activity under extreme acidic conditions and significant industrial applications. In this study, a β-mannanase gene of glycoside hydrolase family 5, man5A, was cloned from Gloeophyllum trabeum CBS900.73, and successfully...
Xiaojuan Xu et al.
Food chemistry, 294, 87-95 (2019-05-28)
Quinoa flour (QF) was added in wheat flour to make nutritionally fortified wheat bread (WB). Effects of QF on baking performance, antioxidant activity and digestibility of WB were studied. The results indicated that with an addition of a small amount...
H Cao et al.
European review for medical and pharmacological sciences, 17(11), 1427-1437 (2013-06-19)
Recently, type II collagen (CII) was found to be effective clinically for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, the molecular properties of CII could be changed during the preparation process. In the present study, we isolated CII from chick sternal...
Paulo Berni et al.
Plant foods for human nutrition (Dordrecht, Netherlands), 74(1), 141-148 (2019-01-16)
Eleven non-conventional tropical fruits were evaluated regarding their nutritional value, antioxidant potential, carotenoid contents and bioaccessibility. The fruits were chosen due to their spread through the Brazilian territory: araçá-boi, jaracatiá, cambuití, seriguela, capeba, pitangatuba, pitanga, buriti, acerola, dovialis and abricó-da-praia....
Chelsea L Bueter et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 192(12), 5943-5951 (2014-05-16)
Chitosan, the deacetylated derivative of chitin, can be found in the cell wall of some fungi and is used in translational applications. We have shown that highly purified preparations of chitosan, but not chitin, activate the NOD-like receptor family, pyrin...
Clarity R Mapengo et al.
Food chemistry, 325, 126846-126846 (2020-05-11)
Functional properties of infrared heat-moisture treated (HMT) maize meal with stearic acid were studied. Maize meal with 1.5% stearic acid (SA) was treated by HMT using infrared (IR) energy (at 110 °C for 1, 2 & 3 h) and conventional HMT (at...
Alexandra L Klinger et al.
Biochemistry, 53(49), 7724-7734 (2014-11-11)
Structural models of the fibrils formed by the 40-residue amyloid-β (Aβ40) peptide in Alzheimer's disease typically consist of linear polypeptide segments, oriented approximately perpendicular to the long axis of the fibril, and joined together as parallel in-register β-sheets to form...
Chao Wang et al.
Matrix biology : journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology, 85-86, 47-67 (2019-10-28)
Despite the fact that type III collagen is the second most abundant collagen type in the body, its contribution to the physiologic maintenance and repair of skeletal tissues remains poorly understood. This study queried the role of type III collagen...
Xin Wang et al.
Food & function, 11(5), 4314-4326 (2020-05-05)
Almond milk (about 3% protein and 7% lipids) was prepared using wet disintegration of raw almonds and then subjected to in vitro gastric digestion using an advanced dynamic digestion model (i.e., a human gastric simulator). Microstructural changes, physicochemical behavior, and...
Jiao Ge et al.
Food research international (Ottawa, Ont.), 116, 336-345 (2019-02-06)
To improve sustained-release property, stability and bioavailability of anthocyanins (ACNs) in vitro, we fabricated the nanocomplexes with chitosan hydrochloride (CHC), carboxymethyl chitosan (CMC) and β-Lactoglobulin (β-Lg). Response surface methodology (RSM) combined with desirability function was employed to optimize ACNs-loaded chitosan/β-Lg...
Xin Ren et al.
Food & function, 7(1), 372-379 (2015-10-28)
Foxtail millet, as a leading variety in arid and semi-arid areas of Asia and Africa, can provide broad potential benefits to human health. However, its digestion properties have not been reported. So in this study, the in vitro starch digestibilities...
M A Giménez et al.
Food chemistry, 199, 150-156 (2016-01-19)
In this study, the nutritional quality of pasta-like product (spaghetti-type), made with corn (Zea mays) flour enriched with 30% broad bean (Vicia faba) flour and 20% of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) flour, was determined. Proximate chemical composition and iron, zinc and...
Misa Sandri et al.
Animal nutrition (Zhongguo xu mu shou yi xue hui), 6(3), 353-361 (2020-10-03)
A dietary intervention study was assessed to determine if different sources of starch in homemade diets could significantly modify fecal microbiome of dogs. Twenty-seven adult dogs were enrolled and fed a diet based on a mixture of rice and pasta...
Robert J Kane et al.
Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials, 7, 41-49 (2012-02-22)
Freeze-dried collagen scaffolds reinforced with hydroxyapatite (HA) are of clinical interest for synthetic bone graft substitutes and tissue engineering scaffolds, but a systematic evaluation of the effects of the HA reinforcement weight fraction and morphology on the mechanical properties is...
Rui-Juan Sun et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 25(1), 73-80 (2016-11-16)
Phosphate compounds and related materials are effective amendments for immobilization of heavy metals in contaminated soils. A greenhouse pot experiment with ryegrass (Lolium perenne) as the test plant was conducted to explore the impact of nanoparticle hydroxyapatite (HAP) on the...
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页码 1 来自 11