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C M Lee et al.
Genes and immunity, 16(5), 356-361 (2015-04-24)
Epithelium-specific Ets transcription factor 1 (ESE-1) is a member of the E26 transformation-specific family of transcription factors that has an epithelial-restricted constitutive expression but is induced by inflammatory stimuli in non-epithelial cells. Here we report that ESE-1 is constitutively expressed...
Ina Kurth et al.
Oncotarget, 6(33), 34494-34509 (2015-10-16)
Despite recent advances in understanding of the molecular pathogenesis and improvement of treatment techniques, locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) remains associated with an unfavorable prognosis. Compelling evidence suggests that cancer stem cells (CSC) may cause tumor...
Hiroyuki Yamasaki et al.
PloS one, 10(5), e0125147-e0125147 (2015-05-02)
Tramadol is thought to modulate synaptic transmissions in the spinal dorsal horn mainly by activating µ-opioid receptors and by inhibiting the reuptake of monoamines in the CNS. However, the precise mode of modulation remains unclear. We used an in vivo...
Simon Asbjørn Larsen et al.
Immunologic research, 62(3), 263-272 (2015-05-13)
Breast cancer tumors are composed of heterogeneous cell populations. These populations display a high variance in morphology, growth and metastatic propensity. They respond differently to therapeutic interventions, and some may be more prone to cause recurrence. Studying individual subpopulations of...
Jianfei Xue et al.
Nature communications, 6, 6156-6156 (2015-02-03)
Aberrant activation of β-catenin in the nucleus has been implicated in a variety of human cancers, but the fate of nuclear β-catenin is unknown. Here we demonstrate that the tripartite motif-containing protein 33 (TRIM33), acting as an E3 ubiquitin ligase...
Jing Wang et al.
Journal of vascular surgery, 62(6), 1615-1624 (2014-07-20)
Cathepsin G (CatG) is a serine protease that mediates angiotensin I to angiotensin II (Ang-II) conversion and is highly expressed in human abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). However, it remains untested whether this protease participates in the pathogenesis of AAA. Immunofluorescent...
Harpreet Kaur et al.
Journal of neuropathology and experimental neurology, 74(2), 177-185 (2015-01-13)
Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) is an aggressive pediatric central nervous system tumor. The poor prognosis of AT/RT warrants identification of novel therapeutic targets and strategies. High-mobility Group AT-hook 2 (HMGA2) is a developmentally important chromatin-modifying protein that positively regulates tumor...
Michael S Hildebrand et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 17816-17816 (2015-12-10)
Febrile seizures (FS) are the most common seizure syndrome and are potentially a prelude to more severe epilepsy. Although zinc (Zn(2+)) metabolism has previously been implicated in FS, whether or not variation in proteins essential for Zn(2+) homeostasis contributes to...
Sabrina Riedl et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1848(11 Pt A), 2918-2931 (2015-08-05)
Host defense-derived peptides have emerged as a novel strategy for the development of alternative anticancer therapies. In this study we report on characteristic features of human lactoferricin (hLFcin) derivatives which facilitate specific killing of cancer cells of melanoma, glioblastoma and...
Mohamed K Hassan et al.
PloS one, 9(4), e94213-e94213 (2014-04-15)
This study describes the sensitization mechanism to thermal stress by histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs) in lung cancer cells and shows that Ku70, based on its acetylation status, mediates the protection of lung cancer from hyperthermia (42.5°C, 1-6 hrs). Ku70 regulates...
Ashok A Kumar et al.
American journal of hematology, 90(1), 31-36 (2014-09-30)
This paper demonstrates the enrichment of reticulocytes by centrifuging whole blood through aqueous multiphase systems (AMPSs)-immiscible phases of solutions of polymers that form step-gradients in density. The interfaces of an AMPS concentrate cells; this concentration facilitates the extraction of blood...
Giovanna Lollo et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 495(2), 972-980 (2015-10-03)
In this work, multifunctional lipid nanocapsules (M-LNC) were designed to combine the activity of the cytotoxic drug paclitaxel (PTX) with the immunostimulant CpG. This nanosystem, consisting of modified lipid nanocapsules coated with a cationic polymeric shell composed of chitosan (CS)...
Min Li et al.
Nature communications, 6, 6720-6720 (2015-04-09)
DNA topoisomerase I (TOP1) has an important role in maintaining DNA topology by relaxing supercoiled DNA. Here we show that the K391 and K436 residues of TOP1 are SUMOylated by the PIAS1-SRSF1 E3 ligase complex in the chromatin fraction containing...
Jason M Wolfs et al.
Nucleic acids research, 42(13), 8816-8829 (2014-07-12)
Targeting gene disruptions in complex genomes relies on imprecise repair by the non-homologous end-joining DNA pathway, creating mutagenic insertions or deletions (indels) at the break point. DNA end-processing enzymes are often co-expressed with genome-editing nucleases to enhance the frequency of...
Jaroslava Lieskovská et al.
Parasites & vectors, 8, 275-275 (2015-05-16)
Transmission of pathogens by ticks is greatly supported by tick saliva released during feeding. Dendritic cells (DC) act as immunological sentinels and interconnect the innate and adaptive immune system. They control polarization of the immune response towards Th1 or Th2...
Hoai-Nghia Nguyen et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 12600-12600 (2015-07-29)
Tumor suppressor PTEN mainly functions at two subcellular locations, the plasma membrane and the nucleus. At the plasma membrane, PTEN dephosphorylates the tumorigenic second messenger PIP3, which drives cell proliferation and migration. In the nucleus, PTEN controls DNA repair and...
Sandra Giovanoli et al.
Journal of neuroinflammation, 12, 221-221 (2015-11-26)
Prenatal exposure to infection and/or inflammation is increasingly recognized to play an important role in neurodevelopmental brain disorders. It has recently been postulated that prenatal immune activation, especially when occurring during late gestational stages, may also induce pathological brain aging...
P Dey et al.
Oncogene, 33(33), 4213-4225 (2013-10-01)
Estrogen receptor β (ERβ) is emerging as a critical factor in understanding prostate cancer biology. Although reduced in prostate cancer above Gleason grade 3, ERβ is a potential drug target at the initial stage of the disease. In human prostate...
Gerald Bachler et al.
Particle and fibre toxicology, 12, 18-18 (2015-06-28)
The lung epithelial tissue barrier represents the main portal for entry of inhaled nanoparticles (NPs) into the systemic circulation. Thus great efforts are currently being made to determine adverse health effects associated with inhalation of NPs. However, to date very...
Ana Carolina da Silva Almeida et al.
Nature genetics, 47(12), 1465-1470 (2015-11-10)
Sézary syndrome is a leukemic and aggressive form of cutaneous T cell lymphoma (CTCL) resulting from the malignant transformation of skin-homing central memory CD4(+) T cells. Here we performed whole-exome sequencing of tumor-normal sample pairs from 25 patients with Sézary...
Beata Greb-Markiewicz et al.
PloS one, 10(7), e0133307-e0133307 (2015-07-18)
Drosophila melanogaster germ cell-expressed protein (GCE) belongs to the family of bHLH-PAS transcription factors that are the regulators of gene expression networks that determine many physiological and developmental processes. GCE is a homolog of D. melanogaster methoprene tolerant protein (MET)...
Claire Colas et al.
Biochemistry, 54(31), 4900-4908 (2015-07-16)
In mammals, citric acid cycle intermediates play a key role in regulating various metabolic processes, such as fatty acid synthesis and glycolysis. Members of the sodium-dependent SLC13 transporter family mediate the transport of di- and tricarboxylates into cells. SLC13 family...
Qing Zhu et al.
Viral immunology, 28(9), 495-503 (2015-09-24)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) envelope glycoprotein 120 (gp120) has been reported to be toxic to the hippocampal neurons, and to be involved in the pathogenesis of HIV-1-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND). Accumulating evidence has demonstrated that voltage-gated potassium (Kv)...
Weinan Zheng et al.
Journal of virology, 89(11), 5822-5834 (2015-03-20)
The nucleoprotein (NP) is a major component of the viral ribonucleoprotein (vRNP) complex. During the replication of influenza virus, the vRNP complex undergoes nuclear-cytoplasmic shuttling, during which NP serves as one of the determinants. To date, many phosphorylation sites on...
Meera Kumar et al.
Assay and drug development technologies, 13(4), 200-209 (2015-02-25)
Epigenetic regulation has been implicated in diverse diseases including cancer, diabetes, and inflammation, and high-throughput screening for histone methyltransferase (HMT) inhibitors is an area of intense drug discovery effort. HMTs catalyze the transfer of methyl group from S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) to...
Sai Kiran Sharma et al.
EJNMMI research, 4(1), 60-60 (2015-06-28)
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is characterized by the overexpression of cancer antigen 125 (CA125), a mucinous glycoprotein that serves as a tumor biomarker. Early diagnosis of EOC is plagued by its asymptomatic nature of progression and the limitations of currently...
Ryan S O'Dell et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(30), 10659-10674 (2015-08-01)
The mechanisms controlling cortical dendrite initiation and targeting are poorly understood. Multiphoton imaging of developing mouse cortex reveals that apical dendrites emerge by direct transformation of the neuron's leading process during the terminal phase of neuronal migration. During this ∼110...
Chan-Chan Shan et al.
Oncology letters, 9(4), 1549-1556 (2015-03-20)
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) causes coagulative necrosis of tumor tissue and the production of local tumor protein debris. These fragments of tumor protein debris contain a large number of various antigens, which can stimulate a specific cellular immune response. In the...
Aneta Rogoz et al.
Journal of immunological methods, 421, 89-95 (2015-04-07)
The constant interaction between intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) and intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) is thought to regulate mucosal barrier function and immune responses against invading pathogens. IELs represent a heterogeneous population of mostly activated and antigen-experienced T cells, but the biological...
Sarah J Reiling et al.
Malaria journal, 14, 270-270 (2015-07-15)
The Plasmodium falciparum multidrug resistance 1 transporter, PfMDR1, contains five amino acid polymorphisms that are suggested to be involved in altered drug transport from the parasite's cytosol into the digestive vacuole (DV). Transport of a substrate into another intracellular compartment...
页码 1 来自 138
页码 1 来自 138