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Xiao-Dong Hu et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(41), 13989-14001 (2015-10-16)
Protein phosphatase-1 (PP1), anchored by regulatory or targeting proteins at excitatory glutamatergic synapses, controls the phosphorylation of postsynaptic substrates and regulates the neurotransmission and plasticity. Here, we found that spinophilin, an actin-binding protein that targets PP1 at postsynaptic density, served
Jennifer R Davies et al.
The European journal of neuroscience, 42(4), 2105-2113 (2015-06-05)
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder caused by deletion or inactivation of paternally expressed imprinted genes on human chromosome 15q11-q13, the most recognised feature of which is hyperphagia. This is thought to arise as a consequence of abnormalities in
Katsuyoshi Fujimoto et al.
Journal of natural medicines, 68(3), 481-487 (2014-02-18)
Seven new acylated sucroses, mumeoses P-V, were isolated from the flower buds of Prunus mume, cultivated in Zhejiang province, China. Their chemical structures were elucidated on the basis of chemical and physicochemical evidence. Moreover, mumeoses C, D, and R, were
Nikita Ikon et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 464(2), 580-585 (2015-07-15)
The concentration and composition of cardiolipin (CL) in mitochondria are altered in age-related heart disease, Barth Syndrome, and other rare genetic disorders, resulting in mitochondrial dysfunction. To explore whether exogenous CL can be delivered to cells, CL was combined with
M Lupi et al.
Nanotechnology, 25(33), 335706-335706 (2014-07-31)
One of the major drawbacks that limits the clinical application of nanoparticles is the lack of preliminary investigations related to their biocompatibility, biodegradability and biodistribution. In this work, biodegradable PEGylated polymer nanoparticles (NPs) have been synthesized by using macromonomers based
Rayan Khaddaj-Mallat et al.
Pflugers Archiv : European journal of physiology, 467(7), 1591-1605 (2014-08-13)
This study was aimed to investigate the role of eicosapentaenoic acid monoacylglyceride (MAG-EPA) and 17,18-epoxyeicosatetraenoic acid (17,18-EpETE) on the regulation of contractile reactivity and nuclear protein expression in 72-h-cultured and TNF-α-treated guinea pig tracheal rings. Tension measurements performed on native
Ina Kurth et al.
Oncotarget, 6(33), 34494-34509 (2015-10-16)
Despite recent advances in understanding of the molecular pathogenesis and improvement of treatment techniques, locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) remains associated with an unfavorable prognosis. Compelling evidence suggests that cancer stem cells (CSC) may cause tumor
Berenice Fernández-Rojas et al.
Molecular and cellular biochemistry, 406(1-2), 183-197 (2015-05-15)
The potential of C-phycocyanin (C-PC) to prevent cisplatin (CP)-induced kidney mitochondrial dysfunction was determined in CD-1 male mice. The CP-induced mitochondrial dysfunction was characterized by ultrastructural abnormalities and by decrease in the following parameters in isolated kidney mitochondria: adenosine diphosphate
Vibe Bach et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(44), 9803-9811 (2015-10-30)
The eating quality of carrots (Daucus carota L.) was investigated to evaluate the impact of cropping systems (one conventional and three organic systems) and growing years (2007, 2008, and 2009) on root size, chemical composition, and sensory quality. The content
Jin Woo Park et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 12485-12485 (2015-07-25)
Histone lysine methylation contributes to transcriptional regulation by serving as a platform for the recruitment of various cofactors. Intense studies have been conducted for elucidating the functional meaning of H3K79 methylation, and to date, the only known HMTase responsible for
Shun-Fan Zhou et al.
The New phytologist, 208(1), 188-197 (2015-04-29)
Abscisic acid plays important roles in maintaining seed dormancy while gibberellins (GA) and other phytohormones antagonize ABA to promote germination. However, how ABA signaling is desensitized during the transition from dormancy to germination is still poorly understood. We functionally characterized
Sona Balentova et al.
Neurochemical research, 40(3), 501-513 (2014-12-10)
Ionizing radiation induces altered brain tissue homeostasis and can lead to morphological and functional deficits. In this study, adult male Wistar rats received whole-body exposure with fractionated doses of gamma rays (a total dose of 5 Gy) and were investigated
Sung-Chul Lim et al.
Oncology reports, 34(3), 1261-1268 (2015-07-03)
Carcinoma cells that have acquired drug resistance often exhibit cross-resistance to various other cytotoxic stimuli. Here, we investigated the effects of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), a gastrointestinal tumor-suppressor, on a cisplatin‑resistant SNU601 gastric cancer subline (SNU601/R). While other anticancer drugs, including
Caterina Holz et al.
Probiotics and antimicrobial proteins, 7(2), 91-100 (2014-12-08)
Reducing the amount of Helicobacter pylori in the stomach by selective bacterial-bacterial cell interaction was sought as an effective and novel method for combating the stomach pathogen. Lactobacillus reuteri DSM17648 was identified as a highly specific binding antagonist to H.
Sen-Lin Ji et al.
International journal of medicinal mushrooms, 17(5), 435-442 (2015-06-18)
This study aimed to improve polysaccharide production by engineering the biosynthetic pathway in Ganoderma lucidum through the overexpression of the homologous UDP glucose pyrophosphorylase (UGP) gene. The effects of UGP gene overexpression on intracellular polysaccharide (IPS) content, extracellular polysaccharide (EPS)
J R Shubha et al.
Journal of ethnopharmacology, 166, 220-227 (2015-03-23)
Leaves of Plectranthus amboinicus are consumed in India along with buttermilk (a probiotic source) during pathogen induced diarrhea. This treatment is known to reduce the number of episodes as well as duration of diarrhea. In the background of its ethnobotanical
Haopeng Zhang et al.
Hippocampus, 25(11), 1299-1313 (2015-03-06)
Whereas the ionotropic glutamate receptors are the major mediator in glutamatergic transmission, the metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) usually play a modulatory role. Whereas the entorhinal cortex (EC) is an essential structure involved in the generation and propagation of epilepsy, the
A Mühlstein et al.
Die Pharmazie, 69(7), 518-524 (2014-07-31)
Arylsulfatase A (ASA) deficiency is the cause of metachromatic leucodystrophy (MLD), a lysosomal storage disease associated with severe neurological disorders. Poly(butyl cyanoacrylate) (PBCA) nanoparticles overcoated with polysorbate 80 enabled the delivery of several drugs across the blood-brain barrier to the
Rangarajan Padmanabhan et al.
Journal of cell science, 128(9), 1773-1786 (2015-03-22)
The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is important for the formation of migratory neural crest cells during development and is co-opted in human diseases such as cancer metastasis. Chick premigratory cranial neural crest cells lose intercellular contacts, mediated in part by Cadherin-6B
Mariana Ramos-Brossier et al.
Human molecular genetics, 24(4), 1106-1118 (2014-10-12)
Mutations in interleukin-1 receptor accessory protein like 1 (IL1RAPL1) gene have been associated with non-syndromic intellectual disability (ID) and autism spectrum disorder. This protein interacts with synaptic partners like PSD-95 and PTPδ, regulating the formation and function of excitatory synapses.
Janna M Schurer et al.
The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene, 90(6), 1184-1190 (2014-03-19)
Residents of remote and Indigenous communities might experience higher exposure to some zoonotic parasites than the general North American population. Human sero-surveillance conducted in two Saulteaux communities found 113 volunteers exposed as follows: Trichinella (2.7%), Toxocara canis (4.4%), Echinococcus (4.4%)
Matthew C Henn et al.
Journal of the American Heart Association, 4(8), e002016-e002016 (2015-08-26)
ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channel openers provide cardioprotection in multiple models. Ion flux at an unidentified mitochondrial K(ATP) channel has been proposed as the mechanism. The renal outer medullary kidney potassium channel subunit, potassium inward rectifying (Kir)1.1, has been implicated as
Daniel Sohmen et al.
Nature communications, 6, 6941-6941 (2015-04-24)
Ribosomal stalling is used to regulate gene expression and can occur in a species-specific manner. Stalling during translation of the MifM leader peptide regulates expression of the downstream membrane protein biogenesis factor YidC2 (YqjG) in Bacillus subtilis, but not in
Henrique Noronha et al.
Planta, 242(4), 909-920 (2015-05-27)
Two grapevine glucose-6-Pi plastidial transporters differently expressed in plant organs and in response to environmental and hormonal signals are characterized. They are involved in starch accumulation in berries and canes. In grapevine, starch accumulation in the trunk is important for
César H Yokomizo et al.
Chemical research in toxicology, 28(6), 1167-1175 (2015-04-29)
The effect of four trichlorotelluro-dypnones, named compounds 1, 2, 3, and 4, on the bioenergetics of isolated rat liver mitochondria (RLM) and cells was investigated. In a dose-dependent manner, the studied organotelluranes promoted Ca(2+)-dependent mitochondrial swelling inhibited by cyclosporine A
John Ciriello
Brain research bulletin, 116, 81-92 (2015-07-07)
Urocortin-1 (UCN-1), a neuropeptide closely related to the hypothalamic hormone corticotropin-releasing factor, has been associated with stress, feeding behaviors, cardiovascular control, and to exhibit functional gender differences. This study was done to investigate whether estrogen (E; 17β-estradiol) treatment (9 weeks)
David Baur et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(5), 1858-1871 (2015-02-06)
Tight coupling between Ca(2+) channels and the sensor for vesicular transmitter release at the presynaptic active zone (AZ) is crucial for high-fidelity synaptic transmission. It has been hypothesized that a switch from a loosely coupled to a tightly coupled transmission
Shixuan Wang et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e95630-e95630 (2014-05-24)
FPC (fibrocystin or polyductin) is a single transmembrane receptor-like protein, responsible for the human autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD). It was recently proposed that FPC undergoes a Notch-like cleavage and subsequently the cleaved carboxy(C)-terminal fragment translocates to the nucleus.
Ágnes Csáki et al.
Neuroscience letters, 588, 1-6 (2014-12-30)
Neuronal chains between the retina and the pineal body were investigated. Transneuronal tracers, retrograde spreading pseudorabies virus (labeled with green fluorescent protein, memGreen-RV) and virus spreading in both ante- and retrograde directions (labeled with red fluorescent protein, Ka-VHS-mCherry-A-RV) were injected
Tuula M Jyske et al.
Planta, 242(3), 613-629 (2015-06-25)
Phloem production and structural development were interlinked with seasonal variation in the primary and secondary metabolites of phloem. Novel microtechniques provided new perspectives on understanding phloem structure and chemistry. To gain new insights into phloem formation in Norway spruce (Picea
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