• VCAM-1 signals activate endothelial cell protein kinase Calpha via oxidation.

VCAM-1 signals activate endothelial cell protein kinase Calpha via oxidation.

Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) (2006-10-24)
Hiam Abdala-Valencia, Joan M Cook-Mills

Lymphocyte binding to VCAM-1 activates endothelial cell NADPH oxidase, resulting in the generation of 1 muM H(2)O(2). This is required for VCAM-1-dependent lymphocyte migration. In this study, we identified a role for protein kinase Calpha (PKCalpha) in VCAM-1 signal transduction in human and mouse endothelial cells. VCAM-1-dependent spleen cell migration under 2 dynes/cm(2) laminar flow was blocked by pretreatment of endothelial cells with dominant-negative PKCalpha or the PKCalpha inhibitors, Rö-32-0432 or Gö-6976. Phosphorylation of PKCalpha(Thr638), an autophosphorylation site indicating enzyme activity, was increased by Ab cross-linking of VCAM-1 on endothelial cells or by the exogenous addition of 1 muM H(2)O(2). The anti-VCAM-1-stimulated phosphorylation of PKCalpha(Thr638) was blocked by scavenging of H(2)O(2) and by inhibition of NADPH oxidase. Furthermore, anti-VCAM-1 signaling induced the oxidation of endothelial cell PKCalpha. Oxidized PKCalpha is a transiently active form of PKCalpha that is diacylglycerol independent. This oxidation was blocked by inhibition of NADPH oxidase. In summary, VCAM-1 activation of endothelial cell NADPH oxidase induces transient PKCalpha activation that is necessary for VCAM-1-dependent transendothelial cell migration.


单克隆抗-FITC 小鼠抗, clone FL-D6, ascites fluid