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  • Microenvironmental stimuli induce different macrophage polarizations in experimental models of emphysema.

Microenvironmental stimuli induce different macrophage polarizations in experimental models of emphysema.

Biology open (2019-04-12)
Júlia Benini Kohler, Daniela Aparecida de Brito Cervilha, Alyne Riani Moreira, Fernanda Roncon Santana, Talita M Farias, Maria Isabel Cardoso Alonso Vale, Milton de Arruda Martins, Carla Máximo Prado, Iolanda Calvo Tibério, Juliana Tiyaki Ito, Fernanda Degobbi Tenorio Quirino Dos Santos Lopes
摘要

Macrophages play a pivotal role in the development of emphysema and depending on the microenvironment stimuli can be polarized into M1- or M2-like macrophage phenotypes. We compared macrophage polarizations in cigarette smoke (CS)- and porcine pancreatic elastase (PPE)-induced emphysema models. C57BL/6 mice were subdivided into four experimental groups. In the PPE group, animals received an intranasal instillation of PPE (0.677 IU); in the saline group, animals received an intranasal instillation of saline (0.9%). Animals from both groups were euthanized on day 28. In the CS group, animals were exposed to CS for 30 min, twice a day, 5 days per week for 12 weeks. In the control group, animals received filtered air. We observed an increase in total macrophages for both experimental models. For M1-like macrophage markers, we observed an increase in TNF-α+ and IFN-γ+ cells, Cxcl-9 and Cxcl-10 expressions in PPE and CS groups. Only in the CS group, we detected an increased expression of IL-12b For M2-like macrophages markers we observed a down regulation in IL-10, IL-4, IL-13, Arg1 and Fizz1 and an increase of TGF-β+ cells in the PPE group, while for the CS group there was an increase in TGF-β+ cells and IL-10 expression. All exposure groups were compared to their respective controls. In summary, we demonstrated that CS- and PPE-induced models resulted in different microenvironmental stimuli. CS exposure induced an environmental stimulus related to M1- and M2-like macrophage phenotypes similar to previous results described in COPD patients, whereas the elastase-induced model provided an environmental stimulus related only to the M1 phenotype.

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Sigma-Aldrich
弹性蛋白酶 来源于猪胰腺, Type I, ≥4.0 units/mg protein