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  • Altered expression of caveolin-1 in the colon of patients with Hirschsprung's disease.

Altered expression of caveolin-1 in the colon of patients with Hirschsprung's disease.

Pediatric surgery international (2019-07-01)
Hiroki Nakamura, Anne Marie O'Donnell, Christian Tomuschat, David Coyle, Prem Puri
摘要

The pathogenesis of Hirschsprung's disease-associated enterocolitis (HAEC) is unclear. Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) regulates the functions of different nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms, which play critical roles in inflammation and intestinal epithelial barrier function. We designed this study to investigate the hypothesis that Cav-1 expression is altered in the bowel of patients with Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR). HSCR tissue specimens (n = 10) were collected at the time of pull-through surgery and control samples were obtained at the time of colostomy closure in patients with imperforate anus (n = 10). qRT-PCR analysis was undertaken to quantify Cav-1 gene expression, and Western blot analysis was undertaken to determine Cav-1 protein quantification. Immunolabelling of Cav-1 proteins was visualized using confocal microscopy. qRT-PCR and Western blot analysis revealed that Cav-1 was significantly downregulated in the aganglionic and ganglionic colon of patients with HSCR compared to controls (p < 0.01). Confocal microscopy revealed a markedly decreased expression of Cav-1 in colonic epithelium of aganglionic and ganglionic bowel of patients with HSCR compared to controls. To our knowledge, this is the first report of significantly decreased Cav-1 expression in patients with HSCR. Decreased expression of Cav-1 in the bowel of HSCR may increase susceptibility to HAEC in HSCR.

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Sigma-Aldrich
甲醛溶液,中性缓冲,10%, histological tissue fixative
Sigma-Aldrich
2-苯基吲哚, technical grade, 95%