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Magnetic Graphene Field-Effect Transistor Biosensor for Single-Strand DNA Detection.

Nanoscale research letters (2019-07-26)
Jinjin Sun, Xiaohui Xie, Ke Xie, Shicai Xu, Shouzhen Jiang, Junfeng Ren, Yuefeng Zhao, Huaqiang Xu, Jingjing Wang, Weiwei Yue

Herein, a magnetic graphene field-effect transistor biosensor was prepared through the transfer of a chemical vapor deposition graphene film onto a glass substrate to produce a sensing film and conductive channel. By fixing 1-pyrenebutanoic acid succinimidyl ester onto graphene film as an anchor, a probe aptamer was immobilized on the graphene film in order to capture magnetically labeled complementary single-stranded DNA. Our experiments showed that, within a periodic magnetic field, the biosensor impedance exhibited a periodic oscillation, the amplitude of which was correlated to the complementary DNA concentration. Based on this principle, the magnetic graphene field-effect transistor was utilized to detect single-stranded DNA with detection limition of 1 pM. The results were rationalized using a model wherein the magnetic force causes the DNA strand to bend, thereby resulting in magnetic nanobeads/DNA modulation of the double conductive layer of graphene transistors. Furthermore, since a periodic magnetic field could be introduced to produce a periodic impedance changes of MGFETs, sampling integration could be used to improve the signal-to-noise ratio efficiently by increasing the number of periods of the external magnetic field. Therefore, a novel biosensor for DNA detection with high sensitivity has been presented in this work. Based on the detection principle, this system may also be a potential tool for detecting other bio-molecules, cells, etc.