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  • Delta-opioid augments cardiac contraction through β-adrenergic and CGRP-receptor co-signaling.

Delta-opioid augments cardiac contraction through β-adrenergic and CGRP-receptor co-signaling.

Peptides (2011-11-24)
Vince T Nguyen, Yewen Wu, Ashley N Guillory, Bradley K McConnell, Kenichi Fujise, Ming-He Huang
摘要

Cardiac epinephrine and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) are produced by intrinsic cardiac adrenergic cells (ICA cells) residing in human and animal hearts. ICA cells are neuroparicine cells expressing δ-opioid receptors (DOR). We hypothesized that δ-opioid stimulation of ICA cells enhances epinephrine and CGRP release, which results in the augmentation of heart contraction. Rats were injected with DOR-agonist DPDPE (100 μg/kg) with or without 10-min pretreatment with either β-adrenergic receptor (β-AR) blocker propranolol (2mg/kg) or CGRP-receptor (CGRPR) blocker CGRP(8-37) (300 μg/kg), or their combination. Hemodynamics were monitored with echocardiogram and systolic blood pressure (SBP) was monitored via a tail arterial catheter. Changes in left ventricular fraction-shortening (LVFS) and heart rate (HR) were observed at 5-min after DPDPE infusion. At 5-min DPDPE induced a 36 ± 18% (p<0.001) increase of the LVFS, which continues to increase to 51 ± 24% (p<0.0001) by 10 min, and 68 ± 19% (p<0.001) by 20 min. The increase in LVFS was accompanied by the decrease of HR by 9±5% (p<0.01) by 5 min and 11 ± 6% (p<0.001) by 15 min post DPDPE infusion. This magnitude of HR reduction was observed for the remainder of the 20 min. Despite the HR-reduction, cardiac output was increased by 17 ± 8% (p<0.05) and 28±5% (p<0.001) by 5- and 20-min post DPDPE administration, respectively. There was a modest (9 ± 9%, p=0.03) decrease in SBP that was not apparent until 20 min post DPDPE infusion. The positive inotropism of DPDPE was abrogated in animals pretreated with propranolol, CGRP(8-37), or combined propranolol+CGRP(8-37). Furthermore, in whole animal and cardiomyocyte cell culture preparations, DPDPE induced myocardial protein-kinase A (PKA) activation which was abrogated in the animals pretreated with propranolol+CGRP(8-37). DOR agonists augment myocardial contraction through enhanced β-AR and CGRPR co-signaling.

材料
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产品描述

Sigma-Aldrich
人降钙素基因相关肽片段 8-37, ≥97% (HPLC), powder
Sigma-Aldrich
CGRP II 8-37 human / β CGRP 8-37 human

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