Leptosphaeria maculans is the causal agent of blackleg disease on Brassica napus. Determining the underlying functions of genes required for pathogenesis is essential for understanding the infection process. A chitin-binding protein (LmCBP1) was discovered as a pathogenicity factor for the infection of B. napus by L. maculans through gene knockout using the CRISPR-Cas9 system. Chitin-binding activity was demonstrated through a chitin-protein binding assay. A secreted signal peptide was detected using a yeast secreted-signal peptide trap assay. An increased expression level during the infection stage was also observed, suggesting that LmCBP1 is a secreted protein. The knockout mutants showed decreased infection on B. napus, with reduced pathogenicity on ten cultivars with/without diverse R genes. The mutants were more sensitive to H2O2 compared to wild type L. maculans isolate JN3. This study provides evidence of the virulence of a novel chitin-binding protein LmCBP1 on B. napus through mutants created via the CRISPR-Cas9 system.