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Targeting metabolic activity in high-risk neuroblastoma through Monocarboxylate Transporter 1 (MCT1) inhibition.

Oncogene (2020-03-04)
Aaminah Khan, Emanuele Valli, Hayley Lam, David A Scott, Jayne Murray, Kimberley M Hanssen, Georgina Eden, Laura D Gamble, Rupinder Pandher, Claudia L Flemming, Sophie Allan, Andrei L Osterman, Michelle Haber, Murray D Norris, Jamie I Fletcher, Denise M T Yu

Amplification of the MYCN oncogene occurs in ~25% of primary neuroblastomas and is the single most powerful biological marker of poor prognosis in this disease. MYCN transcriptionally regulates a range of biological processes important for cancer, including cell metabolism. The MYCN-regulated metabolic gene SLC16A1, encoding the lactate transporter monocarboxylate transporter 1 (MCT1), is a potential therapeutic target. Treatment of neuroblastoma cells with the MCT1 inhibitor SR13800 increased intracellular lactate levels, disrupted the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH/NAD+) ratio, and decreased intracellular glutathione levels. Metabolite tracing with 13C-glucose and 13C-glutamine following MCT1 inhibitor treatment revealed increased quantities of tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle intermediates and increased oxygen consumption rate. MCT1 inhibition was highly synergistic with vincristine and LDHA inhibition under cell culture conditions, but this combination was ineffective against neuroblastoma xenografts. Posttreatment xenograft tumors had increased synthesis of the MCT1 homolog MCT4/SLC16A, a known resistance factor to MCT1 inhibition. We found that MCT4 was negatively regulated by MYCN in luciferase reporter assays and its synthesis in neuroblastoma cells was increased under hypoxic conditions and following hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF1) induction, suggesting that MCT4 may contribute to resistance to MCT1 inhibitor treatment in hypoxic neuroblastoma tumors. Co-treatment of neuroblastoma cells with inhibitors of MCT1 and LDHA, the enzyme responsible for lactate production, resulted in a large increase in intracellular pyruvate and was highly synergistic in decreasing neuroblastoma cell viability. These results highlight the potential of targeting MCT1 in neuroblastoma in conjunction with strategies that involve disruption of pyruvate homeostasis and indicate possible resistance mechanisms.

Product Number
Product Description

2′,7′-二氯荧光素二乙酸酯, BioReagent, suitable for fluorescence, ≥95% (HPLC)
Pentostatin, ≥95% (HPLC)
低限量Eagle培养基, with Earle′s Balanced Salts, with non-essential amino acids, without L-glutamine, liquid, sterile-filtered, suitable for cell culture