Merck
  • Advanced Multiplex Loop Mediated Isothermal Amplification (mLAMP) Combined with Lateral Flow Detection (LFD) for Rapid Detection of Two Prevalent Malaria Species in India and Melting Curve Analysis.

Advanced Multiplex Loop Mediated Isothermal Amplification (mLAMP) Combined with Lateral Flow Detection (LFD) for Rapid Detection of Two Prevalent Malaria Species in India and Melting Curve Analysis.

Diagnostics (Basel, Switzerland) (2022-01-22)
Supriya Sharma, Sandeep Kumar, Md Zohaib Ahmed, Nitin Bhardwaj, Jaskirat Singh, Sarita Kumari, Deepali Savargaonkar, Anupkumar R Anvikar, Jyoti Das
摘要

Isothermal techniques with lateral flow detection have emerged as a point of care (POC) technique for malaria, a major parasitic disease in tropical countries such as India. Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax are the two most prevalent malaria species found in the country. An advanced multiplex loop-mediated isothermal amplification (mLAMP) combined with a lateral flow dipstick (LFD) technique was developed for the swift and accurate detection of P. falciparum and P. vivax, overcoming the challenges of the existing RDTs (rapid diagnostic tests). A single set of LAMP primers with a biotinylated backward inner primer (BIP primer) was used for DNA amplification of both malaria species in a single tube. The amplified DNA was hybridized with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) and digoxigenin-labelled DNA probes, having a complemented sequence for the P. falciparum and P. vivax genomes, respectively. A colour band appeared on two separate LFDs for P. falciparum and P. vivax upon running the hybridized solution over them. In total, 39 clinical samples were collected from ICMR-NIMR, New Delhi. Melting curve analysis, with cross primers for both species, was used to ascertain specificity, and the sensitivity was equated with a polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The results were visualized on the LFD for both species within 60 min. We found 100% sensitivity and specificity, when compared with a traditional PCR. Melting curve analysis of mLAMP revealed the lowest detection limit of 0.15 pg/μL from sample genomic DNA. The mLAMP-LFD assays could be a potential point of care (POC) tool for early diagnosis in non-laboratory conditions, with the convenience of a reduced assay time and the simple interpretation of results.

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Sigma-Aldrich
山羊抗小鼠IgG抗体, 2 mg/mL, Chemicon®
Roche
抗 地高辛, from mouse IgG1κ (clone 1.71.256)
Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-FITC antibody, Mouse monoclonal, clone FL-D6, purified from hybridoma cell culture