• Platelet factor 4 induces bone loss by inhibiting the integrin α5-FAK-ERK pathway.

Platelet factor 4 induces bone loss by inhibiting the integrin α5-FAK-ERK pathway.

Animal models and experimental medicine (2023-08-11)
Wei Li, Qiwei Zhang, Ranli Gu, Lijun Zeng, Hao Liu

The effect of platelet factor 4 (PF4) on bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) and osteoporosis is poorly understood. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the effects of PF4-triggered bone destruction in mice and determine the underlying mechanism. First, in vitro cell proliferation and cell cycle of BMMSCs were assessed using a CCK8 assay and flow cytometry, respectively. Osteogenic differentiation was confirmed using staining and quantification of alkaline phosphatase and Alizarin Red S. Next, an osteoporotic mouse model was established by performing bilateral ovariectomy (OVX). Furthermore, the PF4 concentrations were obtained using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The bone microarchitecture of the femur was evaluated using microCT and histological analyses. Finally, the key regulators of osteogenesis and pathways were investigated using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting. Human PF4 widely and moderately decreased the cell proliferation and osteogenic differentiation ability of BMMSCs. Furthermore, the levels of PF4 in the serum and bone marrow were generally increased, whereas bone microarchitecture deteriorated due to OVX. Moreover, in vivo mouse PF4 supplementation triggered bone deterioration of the femur. In addition, several key regulators of osteogenesis were downregulated, and the integrin α5-focal adhesion kinase-extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ITGA5-FAK-ERK) pathway was inhibited due to PF4 supplementation. PF4 may be attributed to OVX-induced bone loss triggered by the suppression of bone formation in vivo and alleviate BMMSC osteogenic differentiation by inhibiting the ITGA5-FAK-ERK pathway.


Monoclonal Anti-Cy3/Cy5−Biotin antibody produced in mouse, ~1 mg/mL, clone CY-96, purified immunoglobulin, buffered aqueous solution