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  • Exhaled breath condensate adenosine tracks lung function changes in cystic fibrosis.

Exhaled breath condensate adenosine tracks lung function changes in cystic fibrosis.

American journal of physiology. Lung cellular and molecular physiology (2013-01-29)
Charles R Esther, Bonnie M Olsen, Feng-Chang Lin, Jason Fine, Richard C Boucher
摘要

Measurement of exhaled breath condensate (EBC) biomarkers offers a noninvasive means to assess airway disease, but the ability of EBC biomarkers to track longitudinal changes in disease severity remains unproven. EBC was collected from pediatric patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) during regular clinic visits over 1 yr. EBC biomarkers urea, adenosine (Ado), and phenylalanine (Phe) were measured by mass spectrometry, and biomarker ratios were used to control for variable dilution of airway secretions. EBC biomarker ratios were assessed relative to lung function in longitudinal, multivariate models and compared with sputum inflammatory markers and quality of life assessment (CFQ-R). EBC was successfully analyzed from 51 subjects during 184 visits (3.6 ± 0.9 visits per subject). EBC Ado/urea ratio was reproducible in duplicate samples (r = 0.62, P < 0.01, n = 20) and correlated with sputum neutrophil elastase (β = 2.5, P < 0.05). EBC Ado/urea correlated with the percentage predicted of forced expiratory volume in 1 s in longitudinal, multivariate models (β = -2.9, P < 0.01); EBC Ado/Phe performed similarly (β = -2.1, P < 0.05). In contrast, IL-8 and elastase measured in spontaneously expectorated sputum (n = 57 samples from 25 subjects) and the CFQ-R respiratory scale (n = 90 tests from 47 subjects) were not significantly correlated with lung function. EBC was readily collected in a clinic setting from a wide range of subjects. EBC Ado tracked longitudinal changes in lung function in CF, with results similar to or better than established measures.

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Sigma-Aldrich
弹性蛋白酶 来源于猪胰腺, Type I, ≥4.0 units/mg protein
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弹性蛋白酶 来源于猪胰腺, lyophilized powder, suitable for cell culture
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弹性蛋白酶 来源于猪胰腺, Type IV, Protein 50-90 %, lyophilized powder, ≥4.0 units/mg protein (biuret)
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弹性蛋白酶 来源于猪胰腺, Type III, lyophilized powder, Protein 55-85 %, ≥4.0 units/mg protein