Merck
  • Acceleration of gastrointestinal transit by momordin Ic in mice: possible involvement of 5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT(2) receptors and prostaglandins.

Acceleration of gastrointestinal transit by momordin Ic in mice: possible involvement of 5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT(2) receptors and prostaglandins.

European journal of pharmacology (2000-04-05)
Y Li, H Matsuda, J Yamahara, M Yoshikawa
摘要

Possible involvement of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), 5-HT receptors and prostaglandins in the acceleration of gastrointestinal transit by momordin Ic was investigated in mice. Accelerative effect of momordin Ic (25 mg/kg, p.o.) on gastrointestinal transit was attenuated by pretreatment with a bolus of DL-p-chlorophenylalanine methyl ester (an inhibitor of 5-HT synthesizing enzyme), but not repeated pretreatment with DL-p-chlorophenylalanine methyl ester. Furthermore, cyproheptadine (a nonselective 5-HT(2) receptor antagonist), ritanserin (a 5-HT(2A/2B/2C) receptor antagonist) and clozapine (a 5-HT(2A/2C) receptor antagonist) also attenuated the effect of momordin Ic, but methiothepin (a 5-HT(1) receptor antagonist), MDL 72222 (3-tropanyl-3,5-dichlorobenzoate) and metoclopramide (5-HT(3) receptor antagonists), tropisetron (a 5-HT(3/4) receptor antagonist), ketanserin and haloperidol (5-HT(2A) receptor antagonists) did not. These results suggested a possible involvement of endogenous 5-HT and 5-HT(2B/2C) over 5-HT(2A) receptors. Attenuation by pretreatment with indomethacin (an inhibitor of prostaglandins synthesis) suggested involvement of prostaglandins. It is postulated that momordin Ic accelerates gastrointestinal transit partially by stimulating synthesis of 5-HT to act through 5-HT(2), possibly 5-HT(2C) and/or 5-HT(2B) receptors, which, in turn, increases synthesis of prostaglandins.

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Sigma-Aldrich
4-氯-DL-苯基丙氨酸甲酯 盐酸盐
Sigma-Aldrich
Momordin Ιc, ≥98% (HPLC)