Extracts from adenovirus-transformed human 293 cells were immunoprecipitated with monoclonal antibodies specific for the early-region 1A (E1A) proteins. In addition to the E1A polypeptides, these antibodies precipitated a series of proteins with relative molecular weights of 28,000, 40,000, 50,000, 60,000, 80,000, 90,000, 110,000, 130,000, and 300,000. The two most abundant of these polypeptides are the 110,000-molecular-weight protein (110K protein) and 300K protein. Three experimental approaches have suggested that the 110K and 300K polypeptides are precipitated because they form stable complexes with the E1A proteins. The 110K and 300K polypeptides do not share epitopes with the E1A proteins, they copurify with a subset of the E1A proteins, and they bind to the E1A proteins following mixing in vitro. The 110K and 300K polypeptides are not adenoviral proteins, but are encoded by cellular DNA. Both the 12S and the 13S E1A proteins bind to the 110K and 300K species, and these complexes are found in adenovirus-transformed and -infected cells.