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Ischemic stroke associated with cough and cold preparation containing methylephedrine and supplement containing Chinese herbal drugs.

Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan) (2010-02-16)
Noboru Imai, Nobuyasu Yagi, Takashi Konishi, Masahiro Serizawa, Masahiro Kobari
ABSTRACT

Methylephedrine is generally harmless and is contained in many cough and cold preparations. Likewise, Chinese herbal drugs are considered to be effective and to have few side effects. A 32-year-old woman experienced ischemic stroke attributed to concomitant administration of a cough and cold preparation containing methylephedrine and a supplement containing Chinese herbal drugs. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed acute infarctions bilaterally in the cerebellum. Conventional angiography and magnetic resonance angiography showed transient stenosis of the left vertebral artery. These findings suggested vasospasm or dissection, presumably related to hypertension and/or angiitis or vasoconstriction of large cerebral arteries leading to local thrombosis as a result of stasis and sympathomimetic-induced platelet activation. Combining methylephedrine and Chinese herbal drugs might carry a risk of stroke.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
(1R,2S)-(-)-N-甲基麻黄碱, 99%
Supelco
甲基麻黄碱标准液 溶液, 1.0 mg/mL in methanol, ampule of 1 mL, certified reference material, Cerilliant®