FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra of p-fluoronitrobenzene (FNO(2)C(6)H(4)) have been recorded in the region 4000-100 cm(-1). In this work, the experimental and theoretical spectra of p-fluoronitrobenzene (p-FNBz) are studied. The molecular geometry and vibrational frequencies are calculated in the ground state of molecule using ab initio Hartree-Fock (HF) and DFT (B3LYP and LSDA) methods with 6-31++G(d,p) and 6-311++G(d,p) basis sets. The computed values of frequencies are scaled to yield good coherence with observed values by using suitable factor. The complete assignments are performed on the basis of the total energy distribution (TED) of the vibrational modes, calculated with scaled quantum mechanics (SQM) method. The observed and calculated frequencies are found to be in very good agreement. The alteration of vibration bands due to the substitutions at the first and fourth position of the skeletal ring is also investigated from their characteristic region of linked spectrum. A study on the electronic properties, such as absorption wavelengths, excitation energy, dipole moment and frontier molecular orbital energies, are performed by time dependent DFT (TD-DFT) approach. The electronic structure and the assignment of the absorption bands in the electronic spectra of steady compounds are discussed. The calculated HOMO and LUMO energies show that charge transfer occurs within the molecule. The thermodynamic properties of the title compound at different temperatures have been calculated in gas phase, revealing the correlations between standard heat capacities (C) standard entropies (S), standard enthalpy changes (H) and temperatures.