Metastable BrO2+ and NBr2+ molecules in the gas phase.

The Journal of chemical physics (2011-03-17)
Yuri Alexandre Aoto, Antonio Gustavo S de Oliveira-Filho, Klaus Franzreb, Fernando R Ornellas
摘要

The doubly positively charged gas-phase molecules BrO(2+) and NBr(2+) have been produced by prolonged high-current energetic oxygen (17 keV (16)O(-)) ion surface bombardment (ion beam sputtering) of rubidium bromide (RbBr) and of ammonium bromide (NH(4)Br) powdered ionic salt samples, respectively, pressed into indium foil. These novel species were observed at half-integer m∕z values in positive ion mass spectra for ion flight times of roughly ∼12 μs through a magnetic-sector secondary ion mass spectrometer. Here we present these experimental results and combine them with a detailed theoretical investigation using high level ab initio calculations of the ground states of BrO(2+) and NBr(2+), and a manifold of excited electronic states. NBr(2+) and BrO(2+), in their ground states, are long-lived metastable gas-phase molecules with well depths of 2.73 × 10(4) cm(-1) (3.38 eV) and 1.62 × 10(4) cm(-1) (2.01 eV); their fragmentation channels into two monocations lie 2.31 × 10(3) cm(-1) (0.29 eV) and 2.14 × 10(4) cm(-1) (2.65 eV) below the ground state minimum. The calculated lifetimes for NBr(2+) (v(") < 35) and BrO(2+) (v(") < 18) are large enough to be considered stable against tunneling. For NBr(2+), we predicted R(e) = 3.051 a(0) and ω(e) = 984 cm(-1); for BrO(2+), we obtained 3.033 a(0) and 916 cm(-1), respectively. The adiabatic double ionization energies of BrO and NBr to form metastable BrO(2+) and NBr(2+) are calculated to be 30.73 and 29.08 eV, respectively. The effect of spin-orbit interactions on the low-lying (Λ + S) states is also discussed.

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铟, foil, not light tested, 50x50mm, thickness 0.0025mm, temporary acrylic support, 99.8%
铟, foil, 100x100mm, thickness 0.25mm, as rolled, 99.999%
铟, foil, 50x50mm, thickness 0.5mm, as rolled, 99.999%
铟, foil, 6mm disks, thickness 0.1mm, as rolled, 100%
铟, foil, 6mm disks, thickness 0.20mm, as rolled, 100%
铟, foil, 6mm disks, thickness 0.25mm, as rolled, 100%
铟, foil, 6mm disks, thickness 0.5mm, as rolled, 100%
铟, foil, 6mm disks, thickness 0.75mm, as rolled, 100%
铟, foil, 6mm disks, thickness 1.0mm, as rolled, 100%
铟, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.0125mm, temporary acrylic support, 99.8%
铟, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.015mm, 99.8%
铟, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.01mm, 99.8%
铟, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.025mm, 99.8%
铟, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.02mm, 99.8%
铟, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.03mm, 99.8%
铟, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.04mm, 99.8%
铟, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.05mm, as rolled, 100%
铟, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.075mm, as rolled, 100%
铟, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.125mm, as rolled, 100%
铟, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.1mm, as rolled, 100%
铟, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.20mm, as rolled, 100%
铟, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.25mm, as rolled, 100%
铟, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.5mm, as rolled, 100%
铟, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.75mm, as rolled, 100%
铟, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 1.0mm, as rolled, 100%
铟, foil, light tested, 100x100mm, thickness 0.075mm, as rolled, 100%
铟, foil, light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.05mm, as rolled, 100%
铟, foil, light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.075mm, as rolled, 100%
铟, foil, light tested, 50x50mm, thickness 0.05mm, as rolled, 100%
铟, foil, not light tested, 100x100mm, thickness 0.006mm, temporary acrylic support, 99.8%