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  • B cells in T follicular helper cell development and function: separable roles in delivery of ICOS ligand and antigen.

B cells in T follicular helper cell development and function: separable roles in delivery of ICOS ligand and antigen.

Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) (2014-03-13)
Jason S Weinstein, Sarah A Bertino, Sairy G Hernandez, Amanda C Poholek, Taylor B Teplitzky, Heba N Nowyhed, Joe Craft
摘要

B cells are required for follicular Th (Tfh) cell development, as is the ICOS ligand (ICOS-L); however, the separable contributions of Ag and ICOS-L delivery by cognate B cells to Tfh cell development and function are unknown. We find that Tfh cell and germinal center differentiation are dependent on cognate B cell display of ICOS-L, but only when Ag presentation by the latter is limiting, with the requirement for B cell expression of ICOS-L overcome by robust Ag delivery. These findings demonstrate that Ag-specific B cells provide different, yet compensatory, signals for Tfh cell differentiation, while reconciling conflicting data indicating a requirement for ICOS-L expression on cognate B cells for Tfh cell development with those demonstrating that the latter requirement could be bypassed in lieu of that tendered by noncognate B cells. Our findings clarify the separable roles of delivery of Ag and ICOS-L by cognate B cells for Tfh cell maturation and function, and have implications for using therapeutic ICOS blockade in settings of abundantly available Ag, such as in systemic autoimmunity.

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