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Reduced prevalence of Giardia duodenalis in iron-deficient Rwandan children.

Tropical medicine & international health : TM & IH (2014-06-06)
Ina Danquah, Jean-Bosco Gahutu, Ralf Ignatius, Andre Musemakweri, Frank P Mockenhaupt
摘要

Acute symptomatic infection with Giardia duodenalis impairs iron absorption, but iron deficiency may protect against infections caused by various micro-organisms including parasites. We therefore examined the association of G. duodenalis infection and iron deficiency in 575 Rwandan children under 5 years of age. Giardia duodenalis infection was diagnosed by triplicate microscopy and PCR assays, and iron deficiency was defined as a ferritin concentration <12 ng/ml. Largely asymptomatic G. duodenalis infection was seen in 65.3% of the children and iron deficiency in 17.4%. G. duodenalis infection was less common in iron-deficient children (51%) than in non-deficient children (68%, P = 0.002). In multivariate analysis, the odds of G. duodenalis infection were almost halved in iron-deficient children (adjusted odds ratio, 0.54; 95% confidence interval, 0.33-0.86). In this highly endemic setting, there was no evidence that Giardia infection impairs iron status. Rather, iron deficiency appeared to protect against infection with this parasite.

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Sigma-Aldrich
铁, ≥99%, reduced, powder (fine)
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铁, foil, 10mm disks, thickness 0.01mm, 99.85%
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铁, foil, 10mm disks, thickness 0.025mm, as rolled, 99.99+%
铁, foil, 10mm disks, thickness 0.025mm, hard, 99.5%
铁, foil, 10mm disks, thickness 0.038mm, hard, 99.5%

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