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  • Multiple nutrient stresses at intersecting Pacific Ocean biomes detected by protein biomarkers.

Multiple nutrient stresses at intersecting Pacific Ocean biomes detected by protein biomarkers.

Science (New York, N.Y.) (2014-09-06)
Mak A Saito, Matthew R McIlvin, Dawn M Moran, Tyler J Goepfert, Giacomo R DiTullio, Anton F Post, Carl H Lamborg
摘要

Marine primary productivity is strongly influenced by the scarcity of required nutrients, yet our understanding of these nutrient limitations is informed by experimental observations with sparse geographical coverage and methodological limitations. We developed a quantitative proteomic method to directly assess nutrient stress in high-light ecotypes of the abundant cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus across a meridional transect in the central Pacific Ocean. Multiple peptide biomarkers detected widespread and overlapping regions of nutritional stress for nitrogen and phosphorus in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre and iron in the equatorial Pacific. Quantitative protein analyses demonstrated simultaneous stress for these nutrients at biome interfaces. This application of proteomic biomarkers to diagnose ocean metabolism demonstrated Prochlorococcus actively and simultaneously deploying multiple biochemical strategies for low-nutrient conditions in the oceans.

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铁, ≥99%, reduced, powder (fine)
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氮气, ≥99.998%
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红磷, ≥99.99% trace metals basis
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红磷, ≥97.0%
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铁, powder, −325 mesh, 97%
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羰基铁, ≥97% Fe basis
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铁, powder, <10 μm, ≥99.9% trace metals basis
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铁, puriss. p.a., carbonyl-Iron powder, low in magnesium and manganese compounds, ≥99.5% (RT)
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钴, powder, 2 μm particle size, 99.8% trace metals basis
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铁, flakes, ≥99.99% trace metals basis
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钴, powder, <150 μm, ≥99.9% trace metals basis
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铁, nanopowder, 35-45 nm particle size, 99.5% trace metals basis
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钴, Carbon coated magnetic, nanopowder, <50 nm particle size (TEM), ≥99%
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铁, IRMM®, certified reference material, 0.5 mm wire
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铁, wire reel, 1m, diameter 0.025mm, as drawn, 99.99+%

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