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  • Effect of pH, ionic strength, and background electrolytes on Cr(VI) and total chromium removal by acorn shell of Quercus crassipes Humb. & Bonpl.

Effect of pH, ionic strength, and background electrolytes on Cr(VI) and total chromium removal by acorn shell of Quercus crassipes Humb. & Bonpl.

Environmental monitoring and assessment (2014-06-02)
Erick Aranda-García, Liliana Morales-Barrera, Gabriela Pineda-Camacho, Eliseo Cristiani-Urbina
摘要

The ability of Quercus crassipes acorn shells (QCS) to remove Cr(VI) and total chromium from aqueous solutions was investigated as a function of the solution pH, ionic strength, and background electrolytes. It was found that Cr(VI) and total chromium removal by QCS depended strongly on the pH of the solution. Cr(VI) removal rate increased as the solution pH decreased. The optimum pH for total chromium removal varied depending on contact time. NaCl ionic strengths lower than 200 mM did not affect chromium removal. The presence of 20 mM monovalent cations and anions, and of divalent cations, slightly decreased the removal of Cr(VI) and total chromium by QCS; in contrast, divalent anions (SO₄(2-), PO₄(2-), CO₃(2-)) significantly affected the removal of Cr(VI) and total chromium. The biosorption kinetics of chromium ions followed the pseudo-second-order model at all solution pH levels, NaCl ionic strengths and background electrolytes tested. Results suggest that QCS may be a potential low-cost biosorbent for the removal of Cr(VI) and total chromium from aqueous solutions containing various impurities.

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Sigma-Aldrich
铬, chips, 99.995% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
铬, powder, ≥99% trace metals basis, <45 μm
Sigma-Aldrich
铬, powder, 99.5%, −100 mesh
Sigma-Aldrich
铬, chips, thickness ~2 mm, 99.5%
铬, rod, 10mm, diameter 5.0mm, 99.7+%
铬, foil, light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.05mm, permanent polyester support, 99.99+%
铬, foil, light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.075mm, permanent polyester support, 99.99+%
铬, foil, not light tested, 100x100mm, thickness 0.0125mm, permanent polyester support, 99.99+%
铬, foil, not light tested, 100x100mm, thickness 0.015mm, permanent polyester support, 99.99+%
铬, foil, not light tested, 100x100mm, thickness 0.01mm, permanent polyester support, 99.99+%
铬, foil, not light tested, 100x100mm, thickness 0.025mm, permanent polyester support, 99.99+%
铬, foil, not light tested, 100x100mm, thickness 0.02mm, permanent polyester support, 99.99+%
铬, foil, not light tested, 100x100mm, thickness 0.03mm, permanent polyester support, 99.99+%
铬, foil, not light tested, 100x100mm, thickness 0.04mm, permanent polyester support, 99.99+%
铬, foil, not light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.0015mm, permanent polyester support, 99.99+%
铬, foil, not light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.001mm, permanent polyester support, 99.99+%
铬, foil, not light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.0025mm, permanent polyester support, 99.99+%
铬, foil, not light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.002mm, permanent polyester support, 99.99+%
铬, foil, not light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.003mm, permanent polyester support, 99.99+%
铬, foil, not light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.004mm, permanent polyester support, 99.99+%
铬, foil, not light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.005mm, permanent polyester support, 99.99+%
铬, foil, not light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.007mm, permanent polyester support, 99.99+%
铬, foil, not light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.009mm, permanent polyester support, 99.99+%
铬, foil, not light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.0125mm, permanent polyester support, 99.99+%
铬, foil, not light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.015mm, permanent polyester support, 99.99+%
铬, foil, not light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.01mm, permanent polyester support, 99.99+%
铬, foil, not light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.025mm, permanent polyester support, 99.99+%
铬, foil, not light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.03mm, permanent polyester support, 99.99+%
铬, foil, not light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.04mm, permanent polyester support, 99.99+%
铬, foil, not light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.05mm, permanent polyester support, 99.99+%