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  • Thromboxane A2 acts as tonic immunoregulator by preferential disruption of low-avidity CD4+ T cell-dendritic cell interactions.

Thromboxane A2 acts as tonic immunoregulator by preferential disruption of low-avidity CD4+ T cell-dendritic cell interactions.

The Journal of experimental medicine (2014-12-10)
Federica Moalli, Jovana Cupovic, Flavian Thelen, Pascal Halbherr, Yoshinori Fukui, Shuh Narumiya, Burkhard Ludewig, Jens V Stein
摘要

Interactions between dendritic cells (DCs) and T cells control the decision between activation and tolerance induction. Thromboxane A2 (TXA2) and its receptor TP have been suggested to regulate adaptive immune responses through control of T cell-DC interactions. Here, we show that this control is achieved by selectively reducing expansion of low-avidity CD4(+) T cells. During inflammation, weak tetramer-binding TP-deficient CD4(+) T cells were preferentially expanded compared with TP-proficient CD4(+) T cells. Using intravital imaging of cellular interactions in reactive peripheral lymph nodes (PLNs), we found that TXA2 led to disruption of low- but not high-avidity interactions between DCs and CD4(+) T cells. Lack of TP correlated with higher expression of activation markers on stimulated CD4(+) T cells and with augmented accumulation of follicular helper T cells (TFH), which correlated with increased low-avidity IgG responses. In sum, our data suggest that tonic suppression of weak CD4(+) T cell-DC interactions by TXA2-TP signaling improves the overall quality of adaptive immune responses.

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