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  • Higher insulin sensitivity and impaired insulin secretion in cachetic solid ehrlich tumour-bearing mice.

Higher insulin sensitivity and impaired insulin secretion in cachetic solid ehrlich tumour-bearing mice.

Hormone and metabolic research = Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung = Hormones et metabolisme (2014-03-20)
N M Violato, A Rafacho, A C Boschero, J R Bosqueiro
摘要

Insulin secretion is mainly regulated by blood glucose concentration. On the other hand, changes in peripheral insulin sensitivity induce compensatory adaptations in pancreatic β-cells to maintain normoglycaemia. Tumour presence causes dramatic alterations in glucose homeostasis and insulin secretion because of the high glucose consumption by the tumour cells. Here, we investigated insulin secretion in solid Ehrlich tumour-bearing mice in association with cachexia. For that, male adult Swiss mice were subcutaneously inoculated with solid Ehrlich tumour cells and sacrificed at 14 days after tumour implantation (SET), while control mice received saline alone (CTL). Insulin secretion, following different stimuli, glucose tolerance, and insulin sensitivity as well as the expression of key proteins involved in insulin secretion was assessed. The SET group showed decreased glycaemia, insulinaemia, hepatic glycogen and body weight, and increased plasma free fatty acids and triglycerides, characteristics of cancer cachexia. A very interesting finding in this study was the development of higher glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in SET group. The dose-response curve of insulin secretion to increasing glucose concentrations (2.8-22.2 mM) showed an EC50 of 10 mM glucose for CTL mice and 13 mM glucose for SET mice. Insulin secretion was significantly reduced in SET islets at 30 mM KCl, 100 μM carbachol, 20 mM arginine, and 20 mM leucine. Moreover, AKT, PKA, PKC, and AchRM3 expressions were reduced by 17% to 24% in SET animals. These results, mainly the augmented insulin sensitivity, show that SET is an interesting model to study alterations in pancreatic function and carbohydrate metabolism in cancer cachexia.

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