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SHP-1-mediated inhibitory signals promote responsiveness and anti-tumour functions of natural killer cells.

Nature communications (2014-10-31)
Charlotte Viant, Aurore Fenis, Gaëtan Chicanne, Bernard Payrastre, Sophie Ugolini, Eric Vivier
ABSTRACT

Natural killer (NK) cells are cytotoxic innate lymphoid cells that are involved in immune defense. NK cell reactivity is controlled in part by MHC class I recognition by inhibitory receptors, but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain undefined. Using a mouse model of conditional deletion in NK cells, we show here that the protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1 is essential for the inhibitory function of NK cell MHC class I receptors. In the absence of SHP-1, NK cells are hyporesponsive to tumour cells in vitro and their early Ca(2+) signals are compromised. Mice without SHP-1 in NK cells are unable to reject MHC class I-deficient transplants and to control tumours in vivo. Thus, the inhibitory activity of SHP-1 is needed for setting the threshold of NK cell reactivity.

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