• Epithelial PD-L2 Expression Marks Barrett's Esophagus and Esophageal Adenocarcinoma.

Epithelial PD-L2 Expression Marks Barrett's Esophagus and Esophageal Adenocarcinoma.

Cancer immunology research (2015-06-18)
Sarah Derks, Katie S Nason, Xiaoyun Liao, Matthew D Stachler, Kevin X Liu, Jie Bin Liu, Ewa Sicinska, Michael S Goldberg, Gordon J Freeman, Scott J Rodig, Jon M Davison, Adam J Bass

Esophageal adenocarcinoma is an increasingly common disease with a dismal 5-year survival rate of 10% to 15%. In the first systematic evaluation of the PD-1 pathway in esophageal adenocarcinoma, we identify expression of PD-L2 in cancer cells in 51.7% of esophageal adenocarcinomas. Epithelial PD-L1 was expressed on only 2% of cases, although PD-L1(+) immune cells were observed in 18% of esophageal adenocarcinomas. We also evaluated expression in the precursor lesion of esophageal adenocarcinoma, Barrett's esophagus, which emerges following gastric reflux-induced esophageal inflammation, and found PD-L2 expression in Barrett's esophagus but not in non-Barrett's esophagus esophagitis. Because the progression from squamous esophagitis to Barrett's esophagus is accompanied by a transition from a TH1 to TH2 immune response, we hypothesized that the TH2 cytokines IL4/IL13 could contribute to PD-L2 induction. We confirmed that these cytokines can augment PD-L2 expression in esophageal adenocarcinoma cell lines. These results suggest that the inflammatory environment in Barrett's esophagus and esophageal adenocarcinoma may contribute to the expression of PD-L2. Furthermore, the potential for PD-1 receptor blockade to be effective in esophageal adenocarcinomas with epithelial PD-L2 or immune cell PD-L1 expression should be evaluated in clinical trials.


FLO-1 cell line human