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Mechanochemical Polarization of Contiguous Cell Walls Shapes Plant Pavement Cells.

Developmental cell (2017-11-08)
Mateusz Majda, Peter Grones, Ida-Maria Sintorn, Thomas Vain, Pascale Milani, Pawel Krupinski, Beata Zagórska-Marek, Corrado Viotti, Henrik Jönsson, Ewa J Mellerowicz, Olivier Hamant, Stéphanie Robert
ABSTRACT

The epidermis of aerial plant organs is thought to be limiting for growth, because it acts as a continuous load-bearing layer, resisting tension. Leaf epidermis contains jigsaw puzzle piece-shaped pavement cells whose shape has been proposed to be a result of subcellular variations in expansion rate that induce local buckling events. Paradoxically, such local compressive buckling should not occur given the tensile stresses across the epidermis. Using computational modeling, we show that the simplest scenario to explain pavement cell shapes within an epidermis under tension must involve mechanical wall heterogeneities across and along the anticlinal pavement cell walls between adjacent cells. Combining genetics, atomic force microscopy, and immunolabeling, we demonstrate that contiguous cell walls indeed exhibit hybrid mechanochemical properties. Such biochemical wall heterogeneities precede wall bending. Altogether, this provides a possible mechanism for the generation of complex plant cell shapes.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
牛血清白蛋白 来源于牛血清, lyophilized powder, ≥96% (agarose gel electrophoresis)
Sigma-Aldrich
多聚甲醛, powder, 95%