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Changes of Dominant Spoilage Bacteria and Biogenic Amines of Taihu White Prawn (Exopalaemon modestus) during Ice Storage.

Journal of food protection (2017-11-23)
Lihui Du, Xiaoran Fan, Fang Liu, Qi Zhou, Jian Yuan, Xingrong Ju
ABSTRACT

The microbiological and chemical changes in Taihu white prawn (Exopalaemon modestus) during ice storage were evaluated. For the microbiological changes, total viable counts were obtained. PCR coupled with denatured gradient gel electrophoresis was then performed to investigate the changes in microflora. For the chemical changes, total volatile basic nitrogen was determined and biogenic amines were detected. The initial total viable count was 6.2 log CFU/g, which increased to 7.1 log CFU/g after storage at 0°C for 10 days. Pseudomonas sp., Shewanella, Flavobacterium, and Staphylococcus were the dominant bacteria in fresh white prawn, whereas lactic acid bacteria, Pseudomonas sp., Shewanella, and Flavobacterium were dominant in the spoiled products. The initial total volatile basic nitrogen was 7.2 mg/100 g, a value that significantly increased to 30.5 mg/100 g at the end of storage. Putrescine was the dominant biogenic amine, and its content reached 95.5 mg/kg at the end of storage. PCR coupled with denatured gradient gel electrophoresis showed that Chryseobacterium sp., Acidovorax sp., Pelomonas sp., Kinneretia asaccharophila, and uncultured Curvibacter sp. were the dominant strains during storage, whereas Lactococcus garvieae became dominant at the end of storage. This study facilitated the development of preservation techniques that target these predominant spoilage bacteria.

MATERIALS
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Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
11-(1H-吡咯-1-基)十一烷-1-硫醇, 96%