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  • Monoclonal antibodies against muscle actin isoforms: epitope identification and analysis of isoform expression by immunoblot and immunostaining in normal and regenerating skeletal muscle.

Monoclonal antibodies against muscle actin isoforms: epitope identification and analysis of isoform expression by immunoblot and immunostaining in normal and regenerating skeletal muscle.

F1000Research (2016-06-24)
Christine Chaponnier, Giulio Gabbiani
摘要

Higher vertebrates (mammals and birds) express six different highly conserved actin isoforms that can be classified in three subgroups: 1) sarcomeric actins, α-skeletal (α-SKA) and α-cardiac (α-CAA), 2) smooth muscle actins (SMAs), α-SMA and γ-SMA, and 3) cytoplasmic actins (CYAs), β-CYA and γ-CYA. The variations among isoactins, in each subgroup, are due to 3-4 amino acid differences located in their acetylated N-decapeptide sequence. The first monoclonal antibody (mAb) against an actin isoform (α-SMA) was produced and characterized in our laboratory in 1986 (Skalli  et al., 1986) . We have further obtained mAbs against the 5 other isoforms. In this report, we focus on the mAbs anti-α-SKA and anti-α-CAA obtained after immunization of mice with the respective acetylated N-terminal decapeptides using the Repetitive Immunizations at Multiple Sites Strategy (RIMMS). In addition to the identification of their epitope by immunoblotting, we describe the expression of the 2 sarcomeric actins in mature skeletal muscle and during muscle repair after micro-lesions. In particular, we analyze the expression of α-CAA, α-SKA and α-SMA by co-immunostaining in a time course frame during the muscle repair process. Our results indicate that a restricted myocyte population expresses α-CAA and suggest a high capacity of self-regeneration in muscle cells. These antibodies may represent a helpful tool for the follow-up of muscle regeneration and pathological changes.

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Sigma-Aldrich
抗肌动蛋白,α-平滑肌抗体,小鼠单克隆, clone 1A4, purified from hybridoma cell culture
Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-gamma-Actin/ACTG1 Antibody, clone 2A3, clone 2A3, from mouse
Sigma-Aldrich
抗-β-肌动蛋白抗体,克隆4C2, clone 4C2, from mouse
Sigma-Aldrich
抗α肌动蛋白抗体,心脏肌肉抗体,克隆22D3, clone 22D3, from mouse
Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-α-Actin Mouse mAb (1A4), liquid, clone 1A4, Calbiochem®