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N4014

Sigma-Aldrich

Nystatin

powder, γ-irradiated, BioXtra, suitable for cell culture

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Synonym(s):
Fungicidin, Mycostatin
CAS Number:
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.76

Quality Level

sterility

γ-irradiated

product line

BioXtra

form

powder

mol wt

926.1 g/mol

packaging

vial of 240,000 units

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

solubility

H2O: insoluble

antibiotic activity spectrum

fungi
yeast

Mode of action

cell membrane | interferes

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

O[C@@H]([C@H](C)[C@H](C)O1)[C@@H](C)/C=C/C=C/CC/C=C/C=C/C=C/C=C/[C@H](O[C@@H]2O[C@H](C)[C@@H](O)[C@H](N)[C@@H]2O)C[C@@]3([H])[C@H](C(O)=O)[C@@H](O)C[C@](O)(O3)C[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)CC[C@@H](O)C[C@@H](O)C[C@@H](O)CC1=O

InChI

1S/C47H75NO17/c1-27-17-15-13-11-9-7-5-6-8-10-12-14-16-18-34(64-46-44(58)41(48)43(57)30(4)63-46)24-38-40(45(59)60)37(54)26-47(61,65-38)25-36(53)35(52)20-19-31(49)21-32(50)22-33(51)23-39(55)62-29(3)28(2)42(27)56/h5-6,8,10-18,27-38,40-44,46,49-54,56-58,61H,7,9,19-26,48H2,1-4H3,(H,59,60)/b6-5+,10-8+,13-11+,14-12+,17-15+,18-16+/t27-,28+,29-,30+,31+,32+,33+,34-,35+,36+,37-,38-,40+,41-,42+,43+,44-,46-,47+/m0/s1

InChI key

VQOXZBDYSJBXMA-QEKUPDCNSA-N

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General description

Chemical structure: polyene

Application

Nystatin is a polyene antibiotic. Its uses include preventing cell culture contamination and inducing interleukin (IL)-1, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor a secretion in TLR2-expressing THP1 cells. This product is recommended for use in cell culture applications at 50 mg/L.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Mode of Action: Nystatin acts by binding to ergosterols in fungal cell membranes, increasing permeability of the membrane, and creating nystatin/ergosterol based ion channels. It also functions as a lipid raft-inhibiting reagent and as membrane associated cholesterol.

Antimicrobial spectrum: Nystatin acts against fungi, yeasts and molds.

Caution

Nystatin in tissue culuture media is stable at 37°C for three days. It is also stable in moderately alkaline media. Solutions and aqueous suspensions begin to lose activity soon after preparation, with heat, light, and oxygen accelerating the decomposition. Aqueous suspensions are stable for 10 minutes when heating to 100°C at pH 7.

Preparation Note

Nystatin is soluble at 28 °C in methanol (11.2 mg/mL), ethanol (1.2 mg/mL), carbon tetrachloride (1.23 mg/mL), chloroform (0.48 mg/mL), benzene (0.28 mg/mL), and ethylene glycol (8.75 mg/mL). It is also soluble in DMSO at 5 mg/mL and freely soluble in DMF and formamide. It is not recommended to autoclave or sterile filter solutions of Nystatin. Nystatin is also effective as a suspension, stable at 37 °C for 3 days. Prepare 50 mg/mL stock suspensions in water and store at -20 °C. This product is γ-irradiated from N6261.

Other Notes

Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place.Store under inert gas.Air and light sensitive.Keep in a dry place

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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