Bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) is a member of the BMP subgroup of the TGFβ superfamily. It plays a dominant role in embryonic dorsalventral patterning, organogenesis, limb bud formation, and bone formation and regeneration. BMP-2 is a potent osteoinductive cytokine, capable of inducing bone and cartilage formation in association with osteoconductive carriers such as collagen and synthetic hydroxyapatite. In addition to its osteogenic activity, BMP-2 plays an important role in cardiac morphogenesis and is expressed in a variety of tissues including lung, spleen, brain, liver, prostate ovary and small intestine. The functional form of BMP-2 is a 26 kDa protein composed of two identical 114 amino acid polypeptide chains linked by a single disulfide bond. Each BMP-2 monomer is expressed as the C-terminal part of a precursor polypeptide, which also contains a 23 amino acid signal sequence for secretion, and a 259 amino acid propeptide. After dimerization of this precursor, the covalent bonds between the propeptide (which is also a disulfide-linked homodimer) and the mature BMP-2 ligand are cleaved by a furin-type protease. Recombinant human BMP-2 is a 26.0 kDa homodimeric protein consisting of two 115 amino acid polypeptide chains.
Product Source: E. coli.
Mouse, Rat, Rabbit, Cow, Dog, Monkey
Stem Cell Research
Research Sub Category
Growth Factors & Receptors
Bioactivity assay: Determined by its ability to induce alkaline phosphatase production by ATDC-5 cells. The expected ED50 for this effect is 0.5-1.0 μg/ml.
Product is filtered through a 0.2 micron filter before lyophilization.
Storage and Stability
Store at -20°C for up to 6 months from date of receipt.
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