Merck
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00071

Supelco

Acetaldehyde

ReagentPlus®, ≥99.0% (GC)

Synonym(s):
Ethanal
Linear Formula:
CH3CHO
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
44.05
Beilstein:
505984
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
39021102
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

biological source

synthetic

Quality Level

vapor density

1.52 (vs air)

vapor pressure

14.63 psi ( 20 °C)

product line

ReagentPlus®

assay

≥99.0% (GC)

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

365 °F

expl. lim.

60 %

refractive index

n20/D 1.332 (lit.)

bp

21 °C (lit.)

mp

−125 °C (lit.)

density

0.785 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

CC=O

InChI

1S/C2H4O/c1-2-3/h2H,1H3

InChI key

IKHGUXGNUITLKF-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Acetaldehyde is an organic colorless flammable liquid. It can be produced by hydration of acetylene and by catalytic oxidation of ethyl alcohol. It is mainly used in manufacturing acetic acid.
Mechanism of the thermal decomposition of acetaldehyde has been reported. It is a product of ethanol metabolism in the liver, binds covalently to various proteins, thereby alters the liver function and structure. The aldol condensation of acetaldehyde and heptanal in the presence of hydrotalcite-type catalysts has been described.

Application

Acetaldehyde may be used for the enzymatic synthesis of fatty acids.
It was used in the plasma polymerization for deposition of reactive aldehyde groups onto substrate, in a study to produce fibrous biomaterials with cell adhesive and also repulsive capability in biomedical applications. It was also used as calibration standard during determination of acetone, acetaldehyde, ethanol, and methanol in different human matrices, such as whole blood, vitreous humour, and urine using gas chromatography with flame ionization detection method (GC–FID).

Caution

forms easily paraldehyde

Legal Information

ReagentPlus is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Carc. 1B - Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 1 - Muta. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

-38.0 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

-38.89 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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