Merck
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04573

Sigma-Aldrich

Thiamine hydrochloride

tested according to Ph. Eur.

Synonym(s):
Thiamio hydrochloridum, Aneurine hydrochloride, Vitamin B1 hydrochloride
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C12H17ClN4OS · HCl
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
337.27
Beilstein:
3851771
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
34058006
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.26

biological source

synthetic

Quality Level

Agency

USP/NF
tested according to Ph. Eur.

assay

98.5-101.0% anhydrous basis

form

solid

mp

250 °C (dec.) (lit.)

solubility

alcohol: soluble 1 gm in 100 ml (95%)
alcohol: soluble 1 gm in 315 ml (Absolute)
glycerol: soluble 1 gm in 18 ml
water: soluble 1 g/mL
benzene: insoluble
chloroform: insoluble
diethyl ether: insoluble
hexane: insoluble
methanol: very soluble
propylene glycol: soluble

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

CC1=NC(N)=C(C[N+]2=CSC(CCO)=C2C)C=N1.Cl.[Cl-]

InChI

1S/C12H17N4OS.2ClH/c1-8-11(3-4-17)18-7-16(8)6-10-5-14-9(2)15-12(10)13;;/h5,7,17H,3-4,6H2,1-2H3,(H2,13,14,15);2*1H/q+1;;/p-1

InChI key

DPJRMOMPQZCRJU-UHFFFAOYSA-M

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Application

Thiamine hydrochloride has been used as a keratin salts medium supplement for culturing log-phase fungus. It has also been used as a supplement of VB medium the minimal medium of Vogel and Bonner.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Thiamine hydrochloride is a cheap, non-toxic and efficient catalyst for the synthesis of amidoalkyl naphthols. It inhibits the production of shikonin derivatives by suspension cultures of Lithospermum erythrorhizon. Additionally, thiamine hydrochloride addition to apple juice concentrates reduces its patulin content.
Thiamine hydrochloride is a hydrochloride salt form of thiamine (Vitamin B1). It is crucial for aerobic metabolism, cell growth, transmission of nerve impulses and acetylcholine synthesis.

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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