Merck
All Photos(1)

Documents

Safety Information

G6279

Sigma-Aldrich

Glycerol

BioXtra, ≥99% (GC)

Sign Into View Organizational & Contract Pricing

Select a Size

Synonym(s):
1,2,3-Propanetriol, Glycerin
Linear Formula:
HOCH2CH(OH)CH2OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
92.09
Beilstein:
635685
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

vapor density

3.1 (vs air)

Quality Level

vapor pressure

<1 mmHg ( 20 °C)

product line

BioXtra

Assay

≥99% (GC)

form

viscous liquid

autoignition temp.

698 °F

impurities

≤0.0005% Phosphorus (P)

ign. residue

≤0.1%

refractive index

n20/D 1.474 (lit.)

bp

182 °C/20 mmHg (lit.)

mp

20 °C (lit.)

density

1.25 g/mL (lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤0.001%
sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.002%

cation traces

Al: ≤0.0005%
Ca: ≤0.0005%
Cu: ≤0.0005%
Fe: ≤0.0005%
K: ≤0.005%
Mg: ≤0.0005%
NH4+: ≤0.05%
Na: ≤0.005%
Pb: ≤0.001%
Zn: ≤0.0005%

SMILES string

OCC(O)CO

InChI

1S/C3H8O3/c4-1-3(6)2-5/h3-6H,1-2H2

InChI key

PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Looking for similar products? Visit Product Comparison Guide

Compare Similar Items

View Full Comparison

Show Differences

1 of 4

This Item
49779G901249767
Glycerol BioXtra, &#8805;99% (GC)

Sigma-Aldrich

G6279

Glycerol

Premium Grade
Glycerol tested according to Ph. Eur., anhydrous

Sigma-Aldrich

49779

Glycerol

-
Glycerol &#8805;99.5%

Sigma-Aldrich

G9012

Glycerol

-
Glycerol BioUltra, for molecular biology, anhydrous, &#8805;99.5% (GC)

Sigma-Aldrich

49767

Glycerol

Premium Grade
assay

≥99% (GC)

assay

-

assay

≥99.5%

assay

≥99.5% (GC)

form

viscous liquid

form

liquid

form

viscous liquid

form

viscous liquid

impurities

≤0.0005% Phosphorus (P)

impurities

-

impurities

≤0.20% Water (Karl Fischer)

impurities

DNases, none detected, RNases, none detected, insoluble matter, passes filter test, phosphatases, none detected, proteases, none detected

mp

20 °C (lit.)

mp

20 °C (lit.)

mp

20 °C (lit.)

mp

20 °C (lit.)

cation traces

Al: ≤0.0005%, Ca: ≤0.0005%, Cu: ≤0.0005%, Fe: ≤0.0005%, K: ≤0.005%, Mg: ≤0.0005%, NH4+: ≤0.05%, Na: ≤0.005%, Pb: ≤0.001%, Zn: ≤0.0005%

cation traces

-

cation traces

heavy metals (as Pb): ≤5 ppm

cation traces

Ag: ≤5 mg/kg, Al: ≤1 mg/kg, As: ≤0.1 mg/kg, Ba: ≤1 mg/kg, Bi: ≤1 mg/kg, Ca: ≤5 mg/kg, Cd: ≤1 mg/kg, Co: ≤1 mg/kg, Cr: ≤1 mg/kg, Cu: ≤1 mg/kg, Fe: ≤1 mg/kg, K: ≤20 mg/kg, Li: ≤1 mg/kg, Mg: ≤1 mg/kg, Mn: ≤1 mg/kg, Mo: ≤1 mg/kg, NH4+: ≤5 mg/kg, Na: ≤20 mg/kg, Ni: ≤1 mg/kg, Pb: ≤1 mg/kg, Sr: ≤1 mg/kg, Tl: ≤5 mg/kg, Zn: ≤1 mg/kg

General description

Glycerol is odourless, colorless, viscous in nature, and exists as a sweet tasting liquid. It can be derived naturally as well as from petrochemical feedstock. Glycerol has a wide variety of applications, and is one of the most valuable and versatile chemical substances in nature. It can be used as an emollient, solvent, sweetening agent, in pharmaceutical formulations, cosmetics, foodstuffs and toiletries. It is very stable and can be easily stored under normal temperature; also it is non-irritating and has no adverse impact to the environment.

Application

Glycerol has been used as:
  • a supplement during cell culture of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium avium.
  • a fuel during designing enzymatic biofuel cell.
  • a liquid composite matrix with 4-HCCA and 3-amino­quinoline for analysis of neutral and acidic glycans.
  • a matrix for fast atom bombardment MS.
  • may be employed as liquid matrix for the quantification studies by MALDI (Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry) analysis.
Glycerol is used both in sample preparation and gel formation for polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Glycerol (5-10%) increases the density of a sample so that the sample will layer at the bottom of a gel′s sample well. Glycerol is also used to aid in casting gradient gels and as a protein stabilizer and storage buffer component.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Glycerol is hygroscopic in nature and is soluble in water owing to its three hydrophilic alcoholic hydroxyl groups. It can form both inter- and intramolecular hydrogen bonds, making it a very flexible molecule. The physiologic effect of glycerine is due to cell-mediated immunity, increased IgG production and increased histamine release.

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

390.2 °F - Pensky-Martens closed cup

Flash Point(C)

199 °C - Pensky-Martens closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Regulatory Listings

Regulatory Listings are mainly provided for chemical products. Only limited information can be provided here for non-chemical products. No entry means none of the components are listed. It is the user’s obligation to ensure the safe and legal use of the product.

FSL

Flammable liquids
Type 3 petroleums
Hazardous rank III
Water soluble liquid


Certificates of Analysis (COA)

Search for Certificates of Analysis (COA) by entering the products Lot/Batch Number. Lot and Batch Numbers can be found on a product’s label following the words ‘Lot’ or ‘Batch’.

Already Own This Product?

Documents related to the products that you have purchased in the past have been gathered in the Document Library for your convenience.

Visit the Document Library

Difficulty Finding Your Product Or Lot/Batch Number?

Product numbers are combined with Pack Sizes/Quantity when displayed on the website (example: T1503-25G). Please make sure you enter ONLY the product number in the Product Number field (example: T1503).

Example:

T1503
Product Number
-
25G
Pack Size/Quantity

Additional examples:

705578-5MG-PW

PL860-CGA/SHF-1EA

MMYOMAG-74K-13

1000309185

enter as 1.000309185)

Having trouble? Feel free to contact Technical Service for assistance.

Lot and Batch Numbers can be found on a product's label following the words 'Lot' or 'Batch'.

Aldrich Products

  • For a lot number such as TO09019TO, enter it as 09019TO (without the first two letters 'TO').

  • For a lot number with a filling-code such as 05427ES-021, enter it as 05427ES (without the filling-code '-021').

  • For a lot number with a filling-code such as STBB0728K9, enter it as STBB0728 without the filling-code 'K9'.

Not Finding What You Are Looking For?

In some cases, a COA may not be available online. If your search was unable to find the COA you can request one.

Request COA

Customers Also Viewed

Slide 1 of 5

1 of 5

Glycerin meets USP testing specifications

Sigma-Aldrich

G2289

Glycerin

Glycerol FCC, FG

Sigma-Aldrich

W252506

Glycerol

Glycerol puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, anhydrous, dist., &#8805;99.5% (GC)

Sigma-Aldrich

49770

Glycerol

Glycerin United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard

USP

1295607

Glycerin

Glycerol tested according to Ph. Eur., anhydrous

Sigma-Aldrich

49779

Glycerol

The Future of Glycerol
Mario Pagliaro, Michele Rossi
Royal Society of Chemistry, 170-170 (2010)
Analysis of native milk oligosaccharides directly from thin-layer chromatography plates by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization orthogonal-time-of-flight mass spectrometry with a glycerol matrix
Dreisewerd, Klaus, et al
Journal of the American Society For Mass Spectrometry, 17(2) , 139-150 (2006)
Comparison of the sensitivities of various derivatives of oligosaccharides in LC/MS with fast atom bombardment and electrospray ionization interfaces
Suzuki, Shigeo, Kazuaki Kakehi, and Susumu Honda
Analytical Chemistry, 68 (13) , 2073-2083 (1996)
Microplate alamar blue assay versus BACTEC 460 system for high-throughput screening of compounds against Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium avium
Collins, L., and Scott G. Franzblau
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 41 (5), 1004-1009 (1997)
Development of glycerol/O 2 biofuel cell
Arechederra, Robert L., Becky L. Treu, and Shelley D. Minteer
Journal of Power Sources, 173 (1), 156-161 (2007)

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service