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N5410

Sigma-Aldrich

Nicotinic acid

meets USP testing specifications

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Synonym(s):
3-Picolinic acid, Niacin, Pellagra preventive factor, Pyridine-3-carboxylic acid, Vitamin B3
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C6H5NO2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
123.11
Beilstein:
109591
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

biological source

synthetic (organic)

Quality Level

Agency

USP/NF
meets USP testing specifications

Assay

99.0-101.0% dry basis

form

powder

color

white

mp

236-239 °C (lit.)

application(s)

pharmaceutical (small molecule)

SMILES string

OC(=O)c1cccnc1

InChI

1S/C6H5NO2/c8-6(9)5-2-1-3-7-4-5/h1-4H,(H,8,9)

InChI key

PVNIIMVLHYAWGP-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

human ... CYP1A2(1544)
rat ... Chrnb2(54239)

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This Item
N412672309N0761
Nicotinic acid meets USP testing specifications

Sigma-Aldrich

N5410

Nicotinic acid

-
Nicotinic acid ≥98%

Sigma-Aldrich

N4126

Nicotinic acid

-
Nicotinic acid ≥99.5% (HPLC)

Sigma-Aldrich

72309

Nicotinic acid

-
Nicotinic acid BioReagent, suitable for cell culture, suitable for insect cell culture, suitable for plant cell culture, ≥98%

Sigma-Aldrich

N0761

Nicotinic acid

Essential+ Grade
assay

99.0-101.0% dry basis

assay

≥98%

assay

≥99.5% (HPLC)

assay

≥98%

form

powder

form

powder

form

powder

form

powder

color

white

color

white to off-white

color

colorless to white

color

white to off-white

mp

236-239 °C (lit.)

mp

236-239 °C (lit.)

mp

234-238 °C, 236-239 °C (lit.)

mp

236-239 °C (lit.)

application(s)

pharmaceutical (small molecule)

application(s)

-

application(s)

-

application(s)

agriculture

General description

Nicotinic acid, also referred to as niacin or as vitamin B3, is a water-soluble vitamin. Nicotinic acid is synthesized from the amino acid tryptophan and is present majorly in peanuts, fish and lean meat.

Application

Nicotinic acid has been used as an antioxidant to evaluate its protective functionality in colon LoVo cell lines against doxorubicin induced cytotoxicity.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Nicotinic modulates lipid metabolism and may be useful in treating dyslipidemia. It is an antioxidant and acts as a coenzyme in the form of nicotinamide adenine nucleotides. Deficiency of niacin leads to enhanced lipid peroxidation and is also implicated in Crohn′s disease Deficiency also impacts DNA repair and also leads to skin and gastrointestinal disorder, pellagra. Nicotinic acid reduces the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) synthesis and improves high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels.

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

379.4 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

193 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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25G
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Effect of pO2 on antitumor drug cytotoxicity on MDR and non-MDR variants selected from the LoVo metastatic colon carcinoma cell line
Lelong-Rebel I, et al.
Anticancer Research, 28(1A), 55-68 (2008)
Pellagra: a non-eradicated old disease
Savvidou S
Clinics and practice, 4(1) (2014)
Nicotinic acid: an old drug with a promising future
Bodor ET and Offermanns S
British Journal of Pharmacology, 153(S1), S68-S75 (2008)
Assessment of the Role of Niacin in Managing Cardiovascular Disease Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
D Andrea E, et al.
JAMA network open, 2(4), e192224-e192224 (2019)
Niacin deficiency delays DNA excision repair and increases spontaneous and nitrosourea-induced chromosomal instability in rat bone marrow
Kostecki LM
Mutation Research. Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis, 625(1-2), 50-61 (2007)

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