All Photos(1)

102466

Sigma-Aldrich

Ethylene glycol

ReagentPlus®, ≥99%

Synonym(s):
1,2-Ethanediol
Linear Formula:
HOCH2CH2OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
62.07
Beilstein:
505945
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
39020501
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

vapor density

2.1 (vs air)

Quality Level

vapor pressure

0.08 mmHg ( 20 °C)

product line

ReagentPlus®

assay

≥99%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

752 °F

expl. lim.

15.3 %

refractive index

n20/D 1.431 (lit.)

bp

195-198 °C

mp

−13 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: miscible

density

1.113 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

OCCO

InChI

1S/C2H6O2/c3-1-2-4/h3-4H,1-2H2

InChI key

LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Looking for similar products? Visit Product Comparison Guide

General description

Ethylene glycol (EG) is a polyol having a wide range of industrial applications. Its preparation from cellulose has been reported. It can also be produced from fossil fuels (petroleum, natural gas and coal) and biomass-derived resources.

Application

Ethylene glycol can be used as a reagent in cyclocondensation reactions with aldehydes and ketones to form 1,3-dioxolanes.
It has been used:
  • As a carrier fluid during the fabrication of shear thickening fluid (composed of nanosized silica particles).
  • To compose previtrification and vitrification solutions for the cryopreservation of mouse embryos.

Packaging

500 mL in poly bottle
1, 4 L in poly bottle
18 L in steel drum

Other Notes

The article number 102466-4X2.5L will be discontinued. Please order the single bottle 102466-2.5L which is physically identical with the same exact specifications.

Legal Information

ReagentPlus is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

  1. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  2. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  3. How do I find price and availability?

    There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products. Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers.

  4. What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?

    Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product. 

  5. What is the molarity of ethylene glycol?

    Ethylene glycol is 17.93M.  This is calculated using the density (1.113 g/ml) and the molecular weight (62.07 g/mol).  If the product is less than 100% pure, correct for the purity.

  6. My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?

    Ask a Scientist here.

Study on magnetorheological shear thickening fluid.
Zhang X, et al.
Smart Materials and Structures, 17(1), 015051-015051 (2008)
Mouse embryo cryopreservation utilizing a novel high-capacity vitrification spatula.
Tsang WH and Chow KL.
Biotechniques, 46, 550-552 (2009)
Ethylene glycol: properties, synthesis, and applications.
Yue H, et al.
Chemical Society Reviews, 41(11), 4218-4244 (2012)
Tetrahedron Letters, 32, 413-413 (1991)
Tetrahedron Letters, 35, 1657-1657 (1994)

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service