Merck
All Photos(2)

C4582

Sigma-Aldrich

β-Carotene

synthetic, ≥95% (HPLC), crystalline

Synonym(s):
β,β-Carotene, Provitamin A
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C40H56
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
536.87
Beilstein:
1917416
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

biological source

synthetic

assay

≥95% (HPLC)

form

crystalline

impurities

α-carotene, essentially free

color

dark red-purple to red-brown

mp

178-179 °C

solubility

hexane: soluble 100 μg/mL
DMSO: 30 μg/mL
H2O: insoluble

ε (extinction coefficient)

2160-2280 at 478-479 nm in hexane at 1% (vs. 2280, lit.)
2450-2590 at 450-452 nm in hexane at 1% (vs. 2590, lit.)

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

CC1=C(/C=C/C(C)=C/C=C/C(C)=C/C=C/C=C(C)/C=C/C=C(C)/C=C/C2=C(C)CCCC2(C)C)C(C)(C)CCC1

InChI

1S/C40H56/c1-31(19-13-21-33(3)25-27-37-35(5)23-15-29-39(37,7)8)17-11-12-18-32(2)20-14-22-34(4)26-28-38-36(6)24-16-30-40(38,9)10/h11-14,17-22,25-28H,15-16,23-24,29-30H2,1-10H3/b12-11+,19-13+,20-14+,27-25+,28-26+,31-17+,32-18+,33-21+,34-22+

InChI key

OENHQHLEOONYIE-JLTXGRSLSA-N

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Application

β-Carotene has been used:
  • as standard for quantification of b-carotene using HPLC analysis
  • as a standard for the identification and quantification of authentic standards for carotenoid groups
  • for standard curve preparation in the measurement of β-carotene production
  • for standard curve preparation in nutritive assays

Packaging

5, 10, 25 mg in ampule

Biochem/physiol Actions

β-Carotene (pro-vitamin A) is a member of carotenoids. This antioxidant plays a vital role in human physiology. β-Carotene is an abundant carotenoid. It is considered as a precursor of vitamin A, which is a lipid soluble antioxidant with vitamin E properties.
The most important of the provitamins A, β-carotene can be classified as an antioxidant due to its inhibition of radical initiated peroxidation in vitro. However, in vivo it appears to act either as an antioxidant or a prooxidant depending on cellular environment. It reduces the incidence of many cancers, but enhances lung cancer incidence in smokers.

Caution

Purchase minimum quantity required. Discard one month after opening.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

217.9 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

103.3 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

Junwei Liu et al.
Journal of experimental botany, 64(7), 1967-1981 (2013-04-10)
Strigolactones (SLs) are newly identified hormones that regulate multiple aspects of plant development, infection by parasitic weeds, and mutualistic symbiosis in the roots. In this study, the role of SLs was studied for the first time in the model plant
Werner E G Müller et al.
Marine drugs, 10(1), 177-199 (2012-03-01)
The demosponge Suberites domuncula has been described to contain high levels of a proteinaceous toxin, Suberitine, that displays haemolytic activityIn the present study this 7-8 kDa polypeptide has been isolated and was shown to exhibit also cytotoxic effects on cells
Extraction of pungent spice paprika by supercritical carbon dioxide and subcritical propane
Daood H G, et al.
Journal of Supercritical Fluids, 23(2), 143-152 (2002)
Ying Liu et al.
Scientific reports, 6, 24117-24117 (2016-04-08)
Protein rational design has become more and more popular for protein engineering with the advantage of biological big-data. In this study, we described a method of rational design that is able to identify desired mutants by analyzing the coevolution of
Medical Countermeasures?Chelation Therapy
Handbook of Arsenic Toxicology, 589-626 (2015)

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