Merck
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MBD0020

Sigma-Aldrich

DAPI ready made solution with Antifade

For Nuclear counterstain in Fluorescence Microscopy

Synonym(s):
4′,6-Diamidino-2-phenylindole dihydrochloride, DAPI Dye, DAPI Stain, DNA Content Counterstain, 2-(4-Amidinophenyl)-6-indolecarbamidine dihydrochloride, DAPI dihydrochloride
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C16H15N5 · 2HCl
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
350.25
Beilstein:
4894417
MDL number:

form

liquid

storage condition

protect from light

technique(s)

transfection: suitable

fluorescence

λex 340 nm; λem 488 nm (nur DAPI)
λex 364 nm; λem 454 nm (DAPI-DNA-Komplex)

shipped in

dry ice

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

Cl.Cl.NC(=N)c1ccc(cc1)-c2cc3ccc(cc3[nH]2)C(N)=N

InChI

1S/C16H15N5.2ClH/c17-15(18)10-3-1-9(2-4-10)13-7-11-5-6-12(16(19)20)8-14(11)21-13;;/h1-8,21H,(H3,17,18)(H3,19,20);2*1H

InChI key

FPNZBYLXNYPRLR-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

DAPI, 4′,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole, is a blue fluorescent nucleic acid stain that fluoresces brightly upon selectively binding to the minor groove of double stranded DNA. Its selectivity for DNA and high cell permeability allows efficient staining of nuclei with little background from the cytoplasm. The excitation and emission wavelengths of DAPI-DNA complex are 360 nm and 460 nm, respectively. Most of the fluorescent dyes fade (photobleach) when exposed to excitation light. The amount of photobleaching depends on the composition of the molecule and the time of light exposure. DAPI Ready Made Solution with Antifade is a formulation that suppress photobleaching and prolong fluorescent signals.

Application

DAPI Ready Made Solution with Antifade is a glycerol based ready to use solution provided at 1μg/mL concentration in a dropper vial that can be applied directly to cells or tissue samples on microscope slides or coverslips. It is recommended to warm up at room temperature and mix by swirling the dropper vial before use. Store DAPI Ready Made Solution with antifade at -20 C protected from light.
DAPI is several times more sensitive than ethidium bromide for staining DNA in agarose gels. It may be used for photofootprinting of DNA, to detect annealed probes in blotting applications by specifically visualizing the double-stranded complex, and to study the changes in DNA and analyze DNA content during apoptosis using flow cytometry. DAPI staining has also been shown to be a sensitive and specific detection method for mycoplasma.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Cell permeable fluorescent minor groove-binding probe for DNA. Binds to the minor groove of double-stranded DNA (preferentially to AT rich DNA), forming a stable complex which fluoresces approximately 20 times greater than DAPI alone.

Features and Benefits

  • Protects dyes from fading during imaging.
  • Ready-to-use liquid.
  • Easy to use Dropper vial application.
  • Stained sample are stable for longer time period.
  • Maintains fluorescence signal-little to no quenching.

Physical form

Liquid - DAPI readymade with antifade solution is provided at 1μg/mL concentration in glycerol-PBS based solution.

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Hazard Classifications

Aquatic Chronic 3

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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