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Tonglei Wu et al.
FEMS microbiology letters, 362(12), fnv078-fnv078 (2015-05-10)
Copper is a potent antimicrobial agent. Multiple mechanisms of copper tolerance are utilized by some pathogenic bacteria. BMEII0580, which is significantly similar to the multicopper oxidase from Escherichia coli, was predicted to be the probable blue copper protein YacK precursor
Francesca Froldi et al.
The EMBO journal, 38(7) (2019-02-26)
Rewired metabolism of glutamine in cancer has been well documented, but less is known about other amino acids such as histidine. Here, we use Drosophila cancer models to show that decreasing the concentration of histidine in the diet strongly inhibits
Nasa Sinnott-Armstrong et al.
Cell metabolism, 33(3), 615-628 (2021-01-30)
Skeletal and glycemic traits have shared etiology, but the underlying genetic factors remain largely unknown. To identify genetic loci that may have pleiotropic effects, we studied Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) for bone mineral density and glycemic traits and identified a
Gabriel B Akanni et al.
Journal of the science of food and agriculture, 95(5), 1094-1102 (2014-11-06)
The cladodes of Opuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear cactus) have a low protein content; for use as a balanced feed, supplementation with other protein sources is therefore desirable. We investigated protein enrichment by cultivation of the yeasts Candida utilis and Kluyveromyces
Karine Meisser Redeuil et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1422, 89-98 (2015-11-03)
This manuscript reports a validated analytical approach for the quantification of 21 water soluble vitamins and their main circulating forms in human plasma. Isotope dilution-based sample preparation consisted of protein precipitation using acidic methanol enriched with stable isotope labelled internal
Stopping the Clock, 184-184 (2003)
Zhong-Qiu Yu et al.
Autophagy, 16(11), 2036-2051 (2020-01-17)
Macroautophagy (autophagy) is driven by the coordinated actions of core autophagy-related (Atg) proteins. Atg8, the core Atg protein generally considered acting most downstream, has recently been shown to interact with other core Atg proteins via their Atg8-family-interacting motifs (AIMs). However
Katsumi Shibata et al.
Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry, 78(12), 2102-2109 (2014-08-15)
We previously reported that mild food restriction induces a reduction in tryptophan-nicotinamide conversion, which helps to explain why death secondary to pellagra is pandemic during the hungry season. In this study, we investigated the levels of B-group vitamins in the
Organisation of the pantothenate (vitamin B5) biosynthesis pathway in higher plants
Ottenhof HH, et al.
The Plant Journal, 37(1), 61-72 (2004)
Franziska Kässner et al.
Adipocyte, 9(1), 290-301 (2020-06-25)
Few human cell strains are suitable and readily available as in vitro adipocyte models. We used resected lipoma tissue from a patient with germline phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) haploinsufficiency to establish a preadipocyte cell strain termed LipPD1 and aimed
Henning Frerigmann et al.
Plant physiology, 166(1), 349-369 (2014-07-23)
By means of yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) two-hybrid screening, we identified basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor05 (bHLH05) as an interacting partner of MYB51, the key regulator of indolic glucosinolates (GSLs) in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana). Furthermore, we show that bHLH04, bHLH05, and bHLH06/MYC2
3T3-L1 cells and perivascular adipocytes are not equivalent in amine transporter expression
Ismail A, et al.
Febs Letters, 591(1), 137-144 (2017)
Nicholas J Loman et al.
Nature reviews. Microbiology, 13(12), 787-794 (2015-11-10)
Twenty years ago, the publication of the first bacterial genome sequence, from Haemophilus influenzae, shook the world of bacteriology. In this Timeline, we review the first two decades of bacterial genome sequencing, which have been marked by three revolutions: whole-genome
The role of vitamins and amino acids on hybridoma growth and monoclonal antibody production
Ducommun P, et al.
Cytotechnology, 37(2), 65-73 (2001)
Kei Takahashi et al.
Journal of nutritional science and vitaminology, 61(3), 215-221 (2015-08-01)
It is thought that both exercise and dietary composition increase the utilization of, and thus the requirement for, certain water-soluble vitamins. However, there have been no studies evaluating the combined impacts of exercise and dietary composition on vitamin utilization. In
Nathaniel W Snyder et al.
Journal of lipid research, 56(1), 142-150 (2014-11-27)
Metabolism of propionate involves the activated acyl-thioester propionyl-CoA intermediate. We employed LC-MS/MS, LC-selected reaction monitoring/MS, and LC-high-resolution MS to investigate metabolism of propionate to acyl-CoA intermediates. We discovered that propionyl-CoA can serve as a precursor to the direct formation of
Ariane Roseblade et al.
Current cancer drug targets, 15(3), 205-214 (2015-02-26)
Microparticles (MPs) are released from most eukaryotic cells after the vesiculation of the plasma membrane and serve as vectors of long and short-range signaling. MPs derived from multidrug resistant (MDR) cancer cells carry molecular components of the donor cell such
Rens L J van Meijel et al.
Molecular metabolism, 53, 101287-101287 (2021-07-06)
Recent studies suggest that hypoxia exposure may improve glucose homeostasis, but well-controlled human studies are lacking. We hypothesized that mild intermittent hypoxia (MIH) exposure decreases tissue oxygen partial pressure (pO2) and induces metabolic improvements in people who are overweight/obese. In
Daniel R G Price et al.
BMC biology, 12, 110-110 (2014-12-21)
Genome evolution in intracellular microbial symbionts is characterized by gene loss, generating some of the smallest and most gene-poor genomes known. As a result of gene loss these genomes commonly contain metabolic pathways that are fragmented relative to their free-living
LipiD-QuanT: a novel method to quantify lipid accumulation in live cells.
Varinli H, et al.
Journal of Lipid Research, 56(11), 2206-2216 (2015)
Xiaona Qiao et al.
Endocrinology, 160(12), 2773-2786 (2019-09-27)
Protein arginine methyltransferases (PRMTs) are enzymes that regulate the evolutionarily conserved process of arginine methylation. It has been reported that PRMTs are involved in many metabolic regulatory pathways. However, until now, their roles in adipocyte function, especially browning and thermogenesis
Heejin Jun et al.
Developmental cell, 54(1), 106-116 (2020-06-14)
Maintaining energy homeostasis upon environmental challenges, such as cold or excess calorie intake, is essential to the fitness and survival of mammals. Drug discovery efforts targeting β-adrenergic signaling have not been fruitful after decades of intensive research. We recently identified
Min-Jung Park et al.
FEBS letters, 594(17), 2923-2930 (2020-08-09)
We previously reported the involvement of protein arginine methyltransferase 1 (PRMT1) in adipocyte thermogenesis. Here, we investigate the effects of PRMT1 inhibitors on thermogenesis. Unexpectedly, we find that the PRMT1 inhibitor TC-E 5003 (TC-E) induces the thermogenic properties of primary
Arthe Raajendiran et al.
Cell reports, 27(5), 1528-1540 (2019-05-03)
Adipocyte progenitor cells (APCs) provide the reservoir of regenerative cells to produce new adipocytes, although their identity in humans remains elusive. Using FACS analysis, gene expression profiling, and metabolic and proteomic analyses, we identified three APC subtypes in human white
Maha R Farhat et al.
Genome medicine, 6(11), 101-101 (2014-12-09)
Whole genome sequencing is increasingly used to study phenotypic variation among infectious pathogens and to evaluate their relative transmissibility, virulence, and immunogenicity. To date, relatively little has been published on how and how many pathogen strains should be selected for
Nathaniel W Snyder et al.
Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM, 28(16), 1840-1848 (2015-01-07)
Acyl-Coenzyme A (CoA) thioesters are the principal form of activated carboxylates in cells and tissues. They are employed as acyl carriers that facilitate the transfer of acyl groups to lipids and proteins. Quantification of medium- and long-chain acyl-CoAs represents a
Olivia Sveidahl Johansen et al.
Cell, 184(13), 3502-3518 (2021-05-29)
Thermogenic adipocytes possess a therapeutically appealing, energy-expending capacity, which is canonically cold-induced by ligand-dependent activation of β-adrenergic G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Here, we uncover an alternate paradigm of GPCR-mediated adipose thermogenesis through the constitutively active receptor, GPR3. We show that
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